The Mechanization of the Heart:: Harvey & Descartes

The Mechanization of the Heart:: Harvey & Descartes

by Thomas Fuchs
     
 

ISBN-10: 1580460771

ISBN-13: 9781580460774

Pub. Date: 11/25/2001

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited

In Mechanization of the Heart: Harvey and Descartes Thomas Fuchs begins by comparing the views of William Harvey (1578-1657) and Rene Descartes (1596-1650) on the heart and the circulation of the blood through the body. These two seventeenth-century scholars -- one a British medical doctor, the other a French philosopher and mathemetician -- differed substantially

Overview

In Mechanization of the Heart: Harvey and Descartes Thomas Fuchs begins by comparing the views of William Harvey (1578-1657) and Rene Descartes (1596-1650) on the heart and the circulation of the blood through the body. These two seventeenth-century scholars -- one a British medical doctor, the other a French philosopher and mathemetician -- differed substantially in their beliefs: they both accepted the idea of circulation of the blood, but differed on the action of the heart. Fuchs traces the ways the opposing views were received, revised, rejected, or renewed in succeeding generations by medical writers in various parts of Europe. He then examines Harvey's approach to cardiac and circulatory physiology, mainly through an examination of Harvey's book De motu cordis: he follows with a discussion of the background in Aristotelian philosophy that was the requirement for all studies in medicine and how that affected Harvey's beliefs. Fuchs then turns to Descartes's presentation of Harvey's views and shows how his view, rather than Harvey's, was accepted in Europe at that time. Marjorie Grene brings to the translation her distinguished background in philosophy and her keen insights into medical philosophy. Thomas Fuchs teaches psychiatry at the Rupert-Karls-Universitat, Heidelberg. Marjorie Grene is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of California at Davis, and Adjunct Professor and Honorary Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at Virginia Tech University.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781580460774
Publisher:
Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date:
11/25/2001
Series:
Rochester Studies in Medical History, #1
Pages:
274
Product dimensions:
6.36(w) x 9.36(h) x 0.93(d)

Table of Contents

Translator's Forewordix
Author's Forewordxvii
Abbreviationsxviii
A.Harvey and Descartes1
I.Theme and Background of the Investigation1
II.Summary of the Argument10
B.The Galenic Paradigm and Its Crisis19
I.Fernel's Summa of Galenism21
a)Corollary: The Doctrine of the Spirits22
II.The Crisis of Galenism27
C.The Vital Aspect of the Circulation: William Harvey33
I.The Science of the Living35
II.De Motu Cordis: The Motion of Heart and Blood43
a)The Motion of the Blood47
b)The Motion of the Heart48
1)Basis of the Motion48
2)Mechanism of the Motion51
c)The Function of the Circulation53
1)Blood and Heat53
2)Tendencies of Harvey's Physiology56
d)Conclusion59
III.De Motu Locali Animalum: The Movement of Living Things62
a)Calor and Spiritus64
b)Muscles and Nerves66
c)Sensus and Motus in Harvey's Later Works69
d)Summary: Polarity and Movement73
IV.De Generatione: The Principles of the Circulation75
a)The Early Stages of Ontogenesis77
b)The Regularities of Development79
c)The Blood as Principle83
d)Circulatio and Generatio86
e)Summary: Cycle and Polarity89
D.The Mechanical Aspect of the Circulation: Descartes and His Followers115
I.Circulation and Physiology in Descartes115
a)Cartesian Science116
b)The Body without Soul122
c)The Physiological Mechanisms126
1)Motion of Blood and Heart126
2)The Movement of the Spirits131
d)Conclusion138
II.The Motion of Heart and Blood After Descartes141
a)Holland146
1)Henricus Regius146
2)Cornelis van Hoghelande148
3)Franciscus Sylvius150
4)Theodor Craanen153
5)Cornelis Bontekoe154
6)Stephen Blancaard156
b)England157
1)Early Writers158
2)Thomas Willis160
3)Richard Lower163
4)John Mayow165
c)Other Writers: The Latency of the Vitalistic Aspect168
E.Vitalism and Mechanism Between 1700 and 1850197
F.A Look Ahead225
Bibliography233
Index of Names243

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >