Medical anthropology encompasses a wide range of perspectives as it seeks to understand human health and illness. An ideal core text for introductory courses, Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach provides a current and accessible overview of this diverse and rapidly expanding field. Working from a Biocultural approach,Medical Anthropology examines the major health issues that affect most human societies, describing and synthesizing the ways in which biology, culture, health, and environment interact. It integrates up-to-date and relevant biological data with analyses of both evolutionary theory and the sociocultural conditions that often lead to major challenges to our health and survival.
Authors Andrea S. Wiley and John S. Allen first present basic biological information on a specific health condition and then extend their investigation to include evolutionary, historical, sociocultural, and political-economic perspectives. Topics covered include healers and healing; health, diet, and nutrition; child health, growth, and development; reproductive health; aging; infectious disease; behavioral disease; stress, social inequality, and race; and mental illness. Each chapter features a variety of case studies and examples--current and historical, local and global--that demonstrate how a medical anthropological perspective can shed important light on a particular health condition. In addition, the text is enhanced by numerous tables, figures, review questions, critical thinking questions, suggestions for accompanying ethnographies, and a glossary to help students better understand the material. Throughout the text, the authors consider how a biocultural anthropological approach could be applied to more effective prevention and treatment efforts. They also highlight the ways in which medical anthropology has the potential to help improve the health of populations around the world.
Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)
Meet the Author
Andrea S. Wiley is Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Human Biology Lab at Indiana University. She is the author of An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective (2004) as well as numerous articles in medical anthropology and related fields.
John S. Allen is Research Scientist at the Dornsife Cognitive Neuroscience Imaging Center and the Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California, where he is also Adjunct Research Associate Professor of Anthropology. He is a coauthor of Biological Anthropology: The Natural Historyof Humankind, Second Edition (2008).
Chapters 2-4 and 6-12 end with a Conclusion.
Preface Chapter 1: Introduction: A Biocultural Approach to Medical Anthropology
The Culture Concept A Biocultural Perspective Looking Ahead Chapter 2: Anthropological Perspectives on Health and Disease
Definitions of Health Disease Illness Sickness
The Locus of Health: The Body and Society Biological/Medical Normalcy Evolutionary Perspectives on Health Adaptability Behavioral Adaptability
Cultural Approaches in Medical Anthropology Power Differentials and Health Ethnomedical Systems Interpretive Approaches to Illness and Suffering
Applied Medical Anthropology Epidemiology Chapter 3: Healers and Healing
Culture and Healing Systems Recruitment: How Healers Become Healers Alternative and Complementary Medicines Acupuncture Chiropractic Navajo Medicine
When Biomedicine is Alternative Medicine Death as a Biocultural Concept Alternative Biomedicines Placebo and Nocebo Chapter 4: Diet and Nutrition in Health and Disease
Fundamentals of Nutrition Digestive Physiology An Evolutionary Approach to Nutrition Nutrition and Chronic Diseases Obesity Diabetes Lactose Intolerance Salt and Hypertension Celiac Disease Chapter 5: Growth and Development
Life History Theory Gestation: The First 40 Weeks of Growth and Development Infancy Childhood Small but Healthy? Is Bigger Better?
Puberty and the Onset of Adolescence Teenage Pregnancy in the U.S.
Sex, Gender, Growth and Health Environmental Toxins and Growth The End of Childhood: Transitions to Adulthood Chapter 6: Reproductive Health
Medicalization of Women's Health/Reproductive Health Menstruation Premenstrual Syndrome Detriments of Fertility Infertility Falling Sperm Counts: Environmental Causes of Male Reproductive Health Problems Female Genital Cutting Pregnancy Birth Mothering Menopause Reproductive Events and Breast Cancer Risk Chapter 7: Aging
The Aging Body Physiological Theories of Aging Somatic Mutations Free Radicals Wear and Degeneration
Evolutionary Theories of Aging The Aging Brain Extending Life? Caloric Restriction and an Okinawa Case Study Health, Illness, and the Cultural Construction of Aging Chapter 8: Infectious Disease: Introduction to Pathogens and the Immune System
Koch's Postulates Taxonomy of Infectious Disease Viruses Bacteria Protozoa Fungi Worms Prions
How Pathogens Spread Human Defenses against Pathogens The Immune Response How Does the Immune System Recognize Pathogens? How Does the Immune System Respond to a Recognized Pathogen?
Pathogen Strategies for Avoiding Immune Destruction Concealment Antigenic drift and shift Immunosuppression
Variation in Immune Response Variation in the MHC Undernutrition and Immune Response
Allergies and Asthma: Relationship to Infectious Disease Exposure? The Hygiene Hypothesis The Helminth Hypothesis
Variation in Pathogen Virulence Chapter 9: Historical Perspectives on Infectious Disease in Human Populations
Origins of Infections in Humans Agriculture's Effects on Infectious Disease The Globalization of Infection Smallpox Colonization in the Tropics Immigration, Ware, and Infection Bioterrorism and Biological Warfare The 1918 Influenza Epidemic Chapter 10: Emerging and Resurging Infections: Biocultural Interactions Between Humans and Pathogens
Emergent and Resurgent Diseases Malaria: An Early "Emergent" Disease Malaria Life Cycle and Pathogencity Genetic Adaptations to Malaria Behavioral Adaptations to Malaria Efforts to Control Malaria Malaria as a Resurgent Disease
Cholera Genetic Adaptation to Cholera: Cystic Fibrosis Alleles Ecology of Cholera Resurgence
Dams and Infectious Disease Onchocerciasis Schistosomiasis
HIV/AIDS: A New Disease How HIV Works Cultural Responses to HIV Origins of HIV
Tuberculosis: A Resurgent Disease Biology and Pathogenicity of TB TB as a Resurgent Disease Chapter 11: Stress. Social Inequality, and Race and Ethnicity:Implications for Health Disparities
Biology of the Stress Response The Nervous System Stress Response The Hormonal Stress Response
Why is Stress Different for Humans?
Stress and Biological Normalcy Stress and Health Cardiovascular Disease Immune Function Immunosuppression Autoimmunity Child Growth
Inequality, Stress, and Health Relative Status Social Cohesion Social Support
Race and Ethnicity and Health in the United States Chapter 12: Mental Health and Illness
The Medical Model in Biocultural Context Culture-Bound Syndromes Eating Disorders ADHD and Culture Mood Disorders Depression Bipolar Disorder and Creativity Schizophrenia Epilogue: The Relevance of Medical Anthropology
What Can I Do Next if I am Interested in Medical Anthropology? Graduate Programs in Anthropology Public Health programs Medical Schools and Clinical Health Work in Governmental and Non-Governmental Health Agencies
Glossary References Cited Index