Medical Emergencies: Essentials for the Dental Professional / Edition 1

Medical Emergencies: Essentials for the Dental Professional / Edition 1

by Ellen B. Grimes
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0131718770

ISBN-13: 9780131718777

Pub. Date: 01/28/2008

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Practical, understandable, and evidence-based, this book introduces the most common medical emergencies that dental professionals may encounter in clinical practice. Etiology, signs, symptoms, and treatment for each emergency are presented in a clear and logical format that promotes learning and allows for quick reference. Additionally, the book stresses emergency

Overview

Practical, understandable, and evidence-based, this book introduces the most common medical emergencies that dental professionals may encounter in clinical practice. Etiology, signs, symptoms, and treatment for each emergency are presented in a clear and logical format that promotes learning and allows for quick reference. Additionally, the book stresses emergency prevention and preparedness by highlighting the importance of the medical history, vital signs, and the development of a medical emergency kit. Special features that make this book an excellent tool for clinicians include: case scenarios, signs and symptoms tables, and treatment flow charts.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131718777
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
01/28/2008
Series:
Pearson Custom Health Professions Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
312
Product dimensions:
7.02(w) x 9.06(h) x 0.65(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     xi
Acknowledgments     xiii
Reviewers     xiv
Contributing Authors     xv
Emergency Preparation     1
Introduction     1
Medical History     2
Vital Signs     2
ASA Classification     2
Preparation for Medical Emergencies in the Dental Office     4
Medical Emergency Simulations     4
Management of Medical Emergencies     5
Continuing Education Courses     5
The Emergency Kit     7
Introduction     8
Essential Drugs     9
Supplemental Drugs     13
Additional Items for the Emergency Kit     15
Vital Signs and Hypertensive Urgency and Emergency     19
Introduction     20
Pulse     20
Respiration     22
Temperature     25
Blood Pressure     26
Hypertension     29
Hypertensive Urgencies and Emergencies     34
Signs and Symptoms of Hypertensive Urgency and Emergency     35
Treatment of Hypertensive Urgency and Emergency     35
Hypotension     36
Other Patient Signs     37
Oxygen Administration     42
Oxygen Administration     44
Oxygen Tank Operation     43
Oxygen Delivery Devices     44
Neurological Emergencies     47
Syncope     47
Introduction     48
Types and Etiologies of Syncope     49
Signs and Symptoms of Syncope     51
Treatment of Syncope     52
Shock     59
Introduction     60
Stages and Etiologies of Shock     60
Types of Shock, Signs/Symptoms, and Treatment     61
Hyperventilation     68
Introduction     69
Signs and Symptoms of Hyperventilation     69
Treatment of Hyperventilation     71
Seizure Disorders     76
Introduction     77
Etiology of Seizures     78
Types of Seizures     79
Diagnosis and Prognosis     83
Oral Findings in Patients with Seizure Disorders     84
Drug Therapy for Seizure Disorders     84
Preventive Strategies for Known Seizure Patients     85
Treatment of Seizures     85
Cerebrovascular Accident     93
Introduction      94
Types of CVA     95
Signs and Symptoms of Ischemic CVA     96
Signs and Symptoms of Hemorrhagic CVA     97
Stroke Scales     97
Treatment of CVA     99
Cardiac Emergencies     105
Angina Pectoris and Myocardial Infarction     105
Introduction     106
Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease     106
Angina Pectoris     109
Prevention of the Anginal Episode     112
Signs and Symptoms of an Anginal Attack     113
Treatment of an Anginal Episode     114
Acute Myocardial Infarction     115
Treatment of an Acute Myocardial Infarction     117
Heart Failure and Acute Pulmonary Edema     125
Introduction     126
Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure     126
Later Stages of Heart Failure     130
Classification of Heart Failure     130
Treatment of Heart Failure     131
Management of the Patient with Heart Failure in the Dental Setting     131
Acute Pulmonary Edema     132
Treatment of Patients with Heart Failure and Acute Pulmonary Edema in the Dental Setting     132
Cardiac Pacemaker and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Malfunction      139
Introduction     140
Pacemaker or ICD Malfunction     141
Signs and Symptoms of Pacemaker or ICD Malfunction     144
Treatment of Pacemaker or ICD Malfunction     145
Respiratory Emergencies     149
Asthma     149
Introduction     150
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma Attacks     152
Treatment of an Asthma Attack     152
Obstructed Airway or Aspiration of a Foreign Object     158
Introduction     159
Obstructed Airway     159
Signs and Symptoms of an Obstructed Airway     160
Treatment of Partially and Completely Obstructed Airway     160
Treatment of an Aspirated Object     161
Prevention of Aspiration of Dental Objects     162
Allergic Reactions     167
Introduction     168
Signs and Symptoms of Allergic Reactions     170
Treatment of Allergic Reactions     172
Prevention of Allergic Reactions     173
Endocrine Emergencies     181
Diabetes-Related Emergencies     181
Introduction     182
Diabetic Testing     183
Systemic Complications      183
Medications/Treatments for Diabetics     185
Role of the Dental Professional     187
Medical Emergencies     187
Treatment of Hypoglycemia     189
Adrenal Insufficiency and Crisis     197
Introduction     198
Adrenal Crisis     198
Signs and Symptoms of Adrenal Crisis     200
Treatment of Adrenal Crisis     200
Prevention of Adrenal Crisis     201
Thyroid Emergencies     205
Introduction     206
Thyroid Emergencies     208
Bleeding Emergencies     219
Epistaxis     219
Introduction     220
Signs and Symptoms of Epistaxis     221
Treatment of Epistaxis     222
Prevention of Epistaxis     222
Excessive Bleeding Following an Extraction     226
Introduction     227
Signs and Symptoms of Excessive Bleeding     228
Treatment and Prevention of Excessive Bleeding     228
Other Emergencies     235
Intraocular Foreign Body     235
Introduction     236
Signs and Symptoms of Intraocular Foreign Body     237
Treatment of Intraocular Foreign Body      238
Prevention of Intraocular Foreign Body     239
Broken Instrument Tip     243
Introduction     244
Signs and Symptoms of a Broken Instrument Tip     245
Treatment of a Broken Instrument Tip     245
Prevention of a Broken Instrument Tip     246
Avulsion of Teeth     249
Introduction     250
Treatment of an Avulsed Tooth     251
Outcomes of Tooth Reimplantation     254
Drug Overdose and Toxicity     258
Amphetamines     259
Cocaine     260
Opiates and Opioids     262
Barbiturates     263
Benzodiazepines     264
Medical Emergencies at a Glance     271
Index     289

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