Medical Sociology / Edition 7

Medical Sociology / Edition 7

by William C. Cockerham
     
 

ISBN-10: 0132695561

ISBN-13: 9780132695565

Pub. Date: 09/28/1997

Publisher: Prentice Hall, Incorporated

The standard text in the field, this best-selling introduction to medical sociology presents the most recent and relevant ideas, concepts, themes, issues, debates, and research findings at the cutting-edge of the field. It contains first-person accounts from patients, physicians, and other health care providers; is based on a worldwide review of the literature;

Overview

The standard text in the field, this best-selling introduction to medical sociology presents the most recent and relevant ideas, concepts, themes, issues, debates, and research findings at the cutting-edge of the field. It contains first-person accounts from patients, physicians, and other health care providers; is based on a worldwide review of the literature; provides the most recent health statistics, data, and studies available; and identifies the most important trends and issues.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780132695565
Publisher:
Prentice Hall, Incorporated
Publication date:
09/28/1997
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
395
Product dimensions:
7.28(w) x 9.51(h) x 0.91(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

Part I Introduction

1 Medical Sociology 1

The Development of Medical Sociology 2

Defining Health 7

Contrasting Ideas about Health and Social Behavior 8

The Re-emergence of Infectious Diseases 13

Bioethics 19

Summary 21

Suggested Reading 21

Medical Sociology Internet Sites 21

2 Epidemiology 23

Epidemiological Measures 24

The Development of Epidemiology 26

The Complexity of Modern Ills: Heart Disease 29

Disease and Modernization 33

HIV/AIDS 35

Summary 42

Suggested Reading 42

Epidemiology Internet Sites 43

3 Social Demography of Health: Social Class 45

The Components of Social Class 47

Modern Diseases and the Poor 51

Equality of Care and the Social Gradient in Mortality: The British Experience 52

Neighborhood Disadvantage 57

SES as a Fundamental Cause of Sickness and Mortality 59

Summary 62

Suggested Reading 62

Social Class and Health Internet Sites 62

4 The Social Demography of Health: Gender, Age, and Race 64

Gender 64

Age 73

Race 77

Summary 88

Suggested Reading 88

Social Demography of Health: Gender, Age, and Race Internet Sites 88

Part II Health and Illness

5 Social Stress and Health 90

Cooley, Thomas, and Goffman: Symbolic Interaction 91

Durkheim: Functionalism 93

Stress 96

Social Factors and Stress 99

Life Changes 103

Summary 111

Suggested Reading 111

Social Stress Internet Sites 112

6 Health Behavior and Lifestyles 113

Health Lifestyles 114

Preventive Care 129

Summary 132

Suggested Reading 133

Health Behavior and Lifestyles Internet Sites 133

7 Illness Behavior 134

Self-Care 135

Sociodemographic Variables 135

Recognizing and Coping withIllness Symptoms 150

Summary and Conclusion 155

Suggested Reading 156

Illness Behavior Internet Sites 156

Part III Seeking Health Care

8 The Sick Role 157

Illness as Deviance 157

The Functionalist Approach to Deviance 160

The Sick Role 161

Medicalization 166

Criticism of the Sick Role 169

Labeling Theory 174

Sickness as Social Deviance? 177

Being Sick and Disabled 178

Stigma 180

Summary 181

Suggested Reading 182

The Sick Role Internet Sites 182

9 Doctor-Patient Interaction 184

Models of Interaction 185

Misunderstandings in Communication 188

Communication and Class Background 190

Male Physicians and Women Patients 191

Women Physicians 193

Cultural Differences in Communication 195

Patient Compliance 198

The Future of Doctor-Patient Relations 199

Doctor-Patient Relations and New Technology 200

The New Genetics 203

Summary 205

Suggested Reading 206

Doctor-Patient Interaction Internet Sites 206

10 Healing Options 208

Osteopaths 208

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) 209

Chiropractors 211

Faith Healers 212

Folk Healers 217

Summary 225

Suggested Reading 225

Healing Options Internet Sites 225

Part IV Providing Health Care

11 Physicians 227

The Professionalization of the Physician 227

The Socialization of the Physician 235

The Power Structure of American Medicine 242

Summary 245

Suggested Reading 245

Physicians Internet Sites 246

12 The Physician in a Changing Society 247

Social Control of Medical Practice 249

Countervailing Power 253

Government Regulation 254

Managed Care 255

The Coming of the Corporation 257

The Changing Physician-Patient Relationship 259

The Deprofessionalization of Physicians 260

The Evolution of the Organization of Medical Practice 262

Summary 263

Suggested Reading 263

The Physician in a Changing Society Internet Sites 264

13 Nurses, Physician Assistants, Pharmacists, and Midwives 265

Nursing: Past and Present 266

Nursing: Future Trends 277

Physician Assistants 279

Pharmacists 280

Midwives 281

Summary 282

Suggested Reading 283

Nurses, Physician Assistants, Pharmacists, and Midwives Internet Sites 283

14 The Hospital In Society 285

The Development of the Hospital as a Social Institution 285

Hospitals in the United States 290

The Organization of the Nonprofit Community Hospital 292

The Hospital-Patient Role 298

The Rising Cost of Hospitalization 303

Summary 305

Suggested Reading 306

Hospitals Internet Sites 306

Part V Health Care Delivery Systems

15 Health Care Delivery and Social Policy in the United States 307

Rising Costs 308

Equity in Health Services 314

Distribution of Services 315

Overview of Health Care Delivery 317

Social Legislation in Health Care 320

Health Reform 325

Health Care: A Right or a Privilege? 327

Summary and Conclusion 330

Suggested Reading 331

Health Care Delivery and Social Policy in the United States Internet Sites 331

16 Global Health Care 332

Socialized Medicine: Canada, Great Britain, and Sweden 338

Decentralized National Health Programs: Japan, Germany, and Mexico 347

Socialist Medicine: Alterations in Russia and China 357

Conclusion 364

Suggested Reading 365

Health Care in Other Countries Internet Sites 365

References 367

Photo Credits 404

Name Index 405

Subject Index 411

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