The Medical World of Early Modern France

The Medical World of Early Modern France

by Laurence Brockliss, Colin Jones
     
 

ISBN-10: 0198227507

ISBN-13: 9780198227502

Pub. Date: 07/03/1997

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This is a unique history of French medicine between the sixteenth century and the French Revolution. Brockliss focuses on physicians, surgeons, and apothecaries, providing an overview of long-term changes in their ideas about medicine and their craft. But he also discusses other denizens of the medical world— quacks, charlatans, wise women, midwives, herbalist

Overview

This is a unique history of French medicine between the sixteenth century and the French Revolution. Brockliss focuses on physicians, surgeons, and apothecaries, providing an overview of long-term changes in their ideas about medicine and their craft. But he also discusses other denizens of the medical world— quacks, charlatans, wise women, midwives, herbalist and others—setting them within the broader context of social, economic, demographic, and cultural change.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198227502
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
07/03/1997
Pages:
984
Product dimensions:
9.50(w) x 6.50(h) x 1.99(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
xiii(2)
List of Figures
xv(1)
List of Maps
xvi(1)
List of Tables
xvii(2)
List of Abbreviations xix(1)
Biographical Note xx(1)
A Note on Presentation xxi(1)
A Note on Exchange Rates xxii
Introduction. Towards a New Medical History of Early Modern France 1(36)
A. The 'New Medical History' 1(7)
B. The Unitary Medical World of Early Modern France 8(12)
C. The Decline and Fall of the Corporative Medical Community 20(11)
D. Towards the Nineteenth Century 31(6)
PART I: BENEATH THE SHADOW OF THE PLAGUE 37(310)
1. Death and Disease in French Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
37(48)
A. The Plague-Wracked Body
37(6)
B. Plague and the Pathosystem
43(10)
C. Death and the Demographic Regime
53(13)
D. 'Living with One Foot in the Air': The Social Construction of Death and Disease
66(14)
E. The Cultural Niche of Early Modern Medicine
80(5)
2. Medical Doctrine
85(85)
A. Medicine in the Medieval University
85(5)
B. The Early Modern University and the Diffusion of Medical Knowledge
90(17)
C. The Gospel according to Galen
107(12)
D. The Paracelsian Heresy
119(9)
E. Fernel and his Legacy
128(10)
F. The Faculties and the Scientific Revolution
138(12)
G. The Theory of Medical Practice
150(16)
H. Medical Training as Theory
166(4)
3. The Corporative Medical Community in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
170(60)
A. The Origins of Medical Corporatism
170(7)
B. Incorporation in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
177(11)
C. Becoming Qualified
188(10)
D. Trained Practitioners: Numbers and Background
198(16)
E. Intercorporate Relations: The Case of Paris
214(11)
F. A Corporative Medical Community sui generis
225(5)
4. The Medical Penumbra
230(54)
A. The Figure of the Charlatan
230(8)
B. Incorporation, Patronage, and Power
238(7)
C. Institutional Medicine
245(10)
D. Medicine, the Clergy and the Devot Movement
255(7)
E. The Medical Role of Women
262(11)
F. Popular Galenism
273(11)
5. The Sick and their Practitioners
284(63)
A. The Choice of Practitioner
284(12)
B. Consulting the Doctor
296(10)
C. Treating the Sick
306(14)
D. Practitioner Wealth
320(8)
E. The Court and the Capital
328(8)
F. Rereading Moliere
336(11)
PART II: BEYOND THE SHADOW OF THE PLAGUE 347(488)
6. Death and Disease in the Eighteenth Century (c. 1680-1789)
347(64)
A. Marseilles in 1720: 'Days of Affiction and Mourning'
347(9)
B. The Pathosystem in Transition: From Mortality to Morbidity?
356(14)
C. The Enlightenment
370(9)
D. Medicine and the Bourgeois Public Sphere
379(19)
E. The Transformation of Mentalites and the Triumph of Life
398(10)
F. Productive Bodies, Morbid Bodies
408(3)
7. The Medical Enlightenment
411(69)
A. An Age of Ideological Ferment
411(7)
B. Mechanists, Vitalists, and Empiricists
418(15)
C. The Science of Disease on the Eve of the French Revolution
433(8)
D. The Expansion of the Medicable
441(18)
E. The Invention of Hygiene
459(14)
F. The Enlightenment Physician as an Ideal
473(7)
8. The Corporative Medical Community in the Eighteenth Century
480(73)
A. The Corporative Map
480(5)
B. Standardization and State Control
485(14)
C. The Expansion of Medical Instruction
499(17)
D. Trained Practitioners: Numbers and Background
516(18)
E. The Sick and their Practitioners
534(14)
F. A Community in Crisis
548(5)
9. The Rise of Surgery
553(69)
A. French Surgery in the Eighteenth Century
553(12)
B. The Stagnation of Physic
565(13)
C. The Academy of Surgery
578(12)
D. The Debate over Surgery
590(15)
E. Boundary-Dissolution
605(12)
F. The Survival of Corporatism
617(5)
10. Medical Entrepreneurialism in the Enlightenment
622(49)
A. The New Medical Entrepreneur
622(5)
B. The Regulation of Remedies and the Making of 'Quack Street'
627(16)
C. Medicine, Print, and the Great Chain of Buying
643(15)
D. Learning to Live with 'Charlatanism' on the Medical Market-Place
658(10)
E. Medicine in an Empiricist Age
668(3)
11. The Hospital in the Enlightenment
671(59)
A. The Discovery of the Hospital
671(7)
B. From Plague to Poverty: Hospitals and the 'Great Confinement of the Poor'
678(11)
C. Military and Naval Medicine
689(12)
D. Constructing the Hospital Patient
701(16)
E. The 'Black Legend' of the Hospital in the Late Enlightenment
717(8)
F. The Hospital: Medical Aid or Health Hazard?
725(5)
12. Medicine and the Enlightenment State
730(53)
A. The 'Boites d'Helvetius' (boites des remedes)
730(4)
B. Bienfaisance and Medical Police
734(16)
C. From 'The Great Confinement' to 'The Great Clean-Up'
750(10)
D. The Royal Society of Medicine and the Struggle for Medical Authority
760(9)
E. The Royal Society of Medicine and Quackery
769(10)
F. The Politics of the Pathogenic Environment
779(4)
Conclusion. Beyond Mesmerism: The Scientization of Medicine and the Politicization of Health in the French Revolution
783(52)
A. 'Cries, Gasps, Sighs, Songs, Groans': Mesmer and Mesmerism
783(11)
B. Mesmerism, Medicine, and the New Cultural Politics
794(8)
C. The Destruction of the Old Medical World and the Apotheosis of the 'Citizen-Savant'
802(16)
D. Restructuring the Medical World for the Nineteenth Century
818(8)
E. The Myth of Medical Progress
826(9)
Bibliography 835(62)
Index 897

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