Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific

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Overview

Drawing on the author’s extensive personal experience, Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific provides comprehensive coverage of the medicinal plants of the region. Describing more than 300 compounds, the book discusses every important class of natural products while highlighting cutting-edge research and recent developments. With its broad scope and extensive compound listings, the presentation and approach of the book is completely original.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Stata Norton, PhD(University of Kansas Medical Center)
Description: This book contains brief descriptions and evaluations of some active ingredients and the medicinal uses of about 100 plants found in Asia, especially in countries on the Pacific Rim. The plants selected are some that have shown evidence, reported in the scientific literature, of containing medically active ingredients and that therefore may be sources of new therapeutic drugs.
Purpose: The stated purpose is to show the rich source of potential drugs in the estimated 6,000 plant species in Asia in which the pharmacologic activities of the chemicals in the plants have not been thoroughly tested experimentally. The author has selected plants for which there is published evidence that the plants contain ingredients that act in three therapeutic areas: as anti-inflammatory agents; as agents affecting the central nervous system; or as chemotherapeutic agents in neoplasia. This objective is met, given that the review is limited to a few of the many plant species in the region.
Audience: The author points out that the information available on the plants is enough only to suggest that further investigation of clinical potential is warranted and these plants may have potential as clinically useful drugs. Therefore the book is primarily directed at individuals involved in research on new types of chemical molecules for treating inflammatory conditions, central nervous system disorders, or cancers.
Features: A unique feature of the book is the emphasis on similar chemicals found in some plant families, such as the frequent production of anti-inflammatorysesquiterpenes by members of the family Asteraceae. Line drawings of characteristic plants and molecular structures of primary chemicals are presented. Within each of the three therapeutic areas, the plants are organized according to type of action: inhibitors of cytochrome oxidases, inhibitors of lipoxygenases, inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase for plants with anti-inflammatory actions, with similar organization by mechanism of action for the other two.
Assessment: The analysis of biochemical activities of plants by family and the line drawings of plants and their chemical components are aspects of herbal therapeutics that are not often brought together. Adequate references to the scientific literature are given for each plant. The text has been poorly edited for minor errors, but this does not affect the usefulness of the data.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780849372452
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/2006
  • Pages: 336
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Annonaceae
General Concept
Fissistima lanuginosum (Hk. f. et Th.) Merr
Fissistigma manubriatum (Hk. f. et Th.)
Phaeanthus ebracteolatus (Prels) Merr
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Myristicaceae
General Concept
Knema glaucescens Jack
Knema Globularia (Lamk.) Warb.
Myristica argentea Warb.
Myristica elliptica Wall. Ex Hook. F. Thoms
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Lauraceae
General Concept
Cinnamomun sintoc Bl
Beilschmiedia pahangensis Gamb.
Bielschmiedia tonkinensis Ridl.
Cryptocarya griffithiana Wight
Cryptocarya tomentosa Bl.
Litsea umbellata (Lour.) Merr.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Piperaceae
General Concept
Piper Abbreviatum Opi
Piper betle L.
Piper officinarum DC
Piper sarmentosum Roxb
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Aristolochiaceae
General Concept
Aristolochia philippinensis Warb.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Nympheaceae
General Concept
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn
Nymphea Pubescens Willd
Nymphea stellata Willd
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Menispermaceae
General Concept
Arcangelica flava (L.) Merr.
Limacia oblonga Hook f. & Thoms.
Stephania Japonica (Thunb.) Miers
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Polygonaceae
General Concept
Polygonum chinense L.
Polygonum Minus Huds.
Polygonum tomentosum Willd.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Myrsinaceae
General Concept
Aegiceras corniculatum Blco
Aridisia corolata Roxb
Ardisia elliptica Thunb.
Ardisia fuliginosa Bl.
Ardisia humilis Vahl
Ardisia lanceolata Roxb.
Ardisia odontophylla Wall
Ardisia oxyphylla Wall.
Ardisia pyramidalis (Cav.) Pers
Ardisia ridleyi King & Gamble
Ardisia squamulosa Presl
Maesa cumingii Mez
Maesa denticullata Mez
Maesa laxa Mez
Maesa perlarius (Lour.) Merr.
Maesa ramentacea (Roxb.) A.DC.
Maesa tetrandra A. DC.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Ebenaceae
General Concept
Diospyros lanceifolia Roxb
Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.
Diospyros multiflora Blco
Diospyros pilosanthera Blco.
Diospyros sumatrana Miq.
Diospyros rufa King & Gamble
Diospyros toposioides King & Gamble
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Bombacaceae
General Concept
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Neesia Altissima Bl.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Elaeocarpaceae
General Concept
Elaeocarpus floribundus Bl.
Elaeocarpus obtusus Bl. sensu King
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Capparaceae
General Concept
Capparis micrantha DC
Crateva religiosa Forts.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Flacourtiaceae
General Concept
Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch
Homalium tomentosum (Vent.) Benth.
Hydnocarpus kurzii ssp. Australis Sleumer
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Passifloraceae
General Concept
Adenia cordifolia Engl
Passiflora foetida L.
Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Passiflora laurifolia L.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Cucurbitaceae
General Concept
Gymnopetalum cochinchinense (Lour.) Kurz.
Hodgsonia macrocarpa (Bl.) Cogn.
Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Grey
Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour.
Trichosanthes villosa Bl
Trichosanthes wawrae Cogn
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Connaraceae
General Concept
Connarus ferrugineus Jack
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Anisophylleaceae
General Concept
Anisophyllea disticha Hook f.
Reference
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Rosaceae
General Concept
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
Prunus arborea (Bl.) Kalkman
Rubus moluccanum L
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Thymeleaceae
General Concept
Gonystylus confusus Airy Shaw
Gonystylus macrophyllus (Miq.) Airy Shaw
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Melastomataceae
General Concept
Blastus cogniauxii Stapf.
Diplectra divaricata (Willd.) O. Ktze
Dissochaeta annulata Hook. f.
Dissochaeta bracteata (Jack) Bl
Dissochaeta punctulata Hook. f. ex Triana
Medinilla hasseltiI Bl
Medinilla radicans (Bl.) Bl.
Melastoma polyanthum Bl.
Melasatoma sanguineum Sims
Memecylon dichotomum C.B. Clarke
Neodissochaeta gracilis (Jack) Bakh. f.
Osbeckia chinensis L.
Pternandra coerulescens Jack
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Rhizophoraceae
General Concept
Bruguiera sexangula (Lour.) Poir.
Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr.
Carallia suffruticosa King
Ceriops tagal (Pers.) C.B. Rob.
Gynotroches axillaris Bl.
Rhizophora apiculata Bl.
Rhizophora mucronata Lamk.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Olacaceae
General Concept
Ochanostachys amentacea Mast
Ximenia americana L
Strombosia philippinensis (Baill.) Rolfe
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Icacinaceae
General Concept
Gonocaryum gracile Miq
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Euphorbiaceae
General Concept
Antidesma ghaemsembilla Gaertn.
Euphorbia thymifolia L
Macaranga tanarius Muell.-Arg.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Sapindaceae
General Concept
Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq
Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk.
Nephelium juglandifolium Bl
Pometia pinnata Forst.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Anacardiaceae
General Concept
Dracontomelon dao (Blanco) Merr. & Rolfe
Gluta rhengas L.
Melanochyla auriculata Hook. f.
Pentaspadon officinalis Holmes
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Simaroubaceae
General Concept
Eurycoma apiculata Benn.
Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Nootebom
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Meliaceae
General Concept
Aglaia odorata Lour
Aphanamixis grandifolia Bl
Aphanamixis rohituka (Roxb.) Pierre
Chisocheton penduliflorus Planch. ex Hiern
Dysoxylum alliaceum Bl.
Dysoxylum cauliflorum Hiern
Sandoricum koejape (Burm. f.) Merr.
Toona sureni (Bl.) Merr.
Trichilia connaroide (Wight & Arn.) Bentvelzen
Xylocarpus granatum Koenig.
Xylocarpus moluccensis (Lamk.) Roem
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Rutaceae
General Concept
Aegle marmelos Correa
Atalantia monophylla DC
Atalantia roxburghiana Hook. f.
Citrus hystrix DC
Citrus mitis Blco.
Clausena excavata Burm. f.
Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeells
Euodia elleryana F. Muell.
Lunasia amara Blco
Micromelum minutum (Forst f.) W. & A
Paramignya andamanica Tanaka
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lamk.
Zanthoxylum avicennae (Lamk.) DC
Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wall. ex Hk. f.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Loganiaceae
General Concept
Fagraea auriculata Jack
Fagraea blumei G.Don
Fagraea obovata (non Wall.) King
Neuburgia corynocarpa (A Gray) Leenh
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Gentianaceae
General Concept
Nymphoides indica (Thwaites) Kuntze
Swertia javanica Bl
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Apocynaceae
General Concept
Alstonia angustifolia Wall. ex A. Dc
Alstonia macrophylla Wall. ex G. Don Alstonia spectabilis
Alstonia spatulata Bl.
Carissa carandas L
Epigynum maingayi Hook. f
Ervatamia sphaerocarpa Bl
Holarrhena curtisii King & Gamble
Kibatalia arborea (Bl.) G.Don
Kopsia larutensis King & Gamble
Willughbeia edulis Ridl
Wrightia pubescens R. Br.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Asclepiadaceae
General Concept
Hoya coriacea Bl.
Hoya coronaria Bl.
Hoya diversifolia Bl
Streptocaulon cumingii (Turcz.) F.-Vill.
Telosma cordata (Burm.f.) Merr.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Solanaceae
General Concept
Capsicum minimum Roxb
Solanum ferox var. laniocarpum
Solanum mammosum L
Solanum nigrum L.
Solanum verbascifolium L.
References
Medicinal Plants Classified in the Family Verbenaceae
General Concept
Callicarpa arborea Roxb.
Clerodendrum dDeflexum Wall.
Clerodendrum inerm (L.) Gaertn
Duranta plumieri Jacq.
Gmelina elliptica Sm.
Peronema canescens Jack
Sphenodesme pentandra Jack
Sphenodesme trifolia Wight
Teijmanniodendron pteropodium (Miq.) Bakh.
References
Index

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