Medicine and Modernity: Public Health and Medical Care in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Germany / Edition 1

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This collection of essays addresses, in a comprehensive and critical fashion, fundamental issues in the history of medicine in modern Germany. The essays also investigate important continuities and discontinuities in German history, and between Germany and the West. The central focus of the collection is on the professionalization of modern medicine and the medicalization of modern society. The problem of Nazi Germany is a common and prominent theme of many of the essays, partially because of its influence upon the debate over the nature of modern German government and society in relation to Western social, political, and economic development. Other topics include: the social place of hospitals in the early nineteenth century, the various forms of social Darwinism, the politics of state-run health insurance, the influence of eugenics on medicine and psychiatry, social control and "shell shock" in World War I, the history of sterilization and euthanasia, Nazi experimentation on humans, the abortion debate, and the role of former Nazis in the West German medical leadership.
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Editorial Reviews

Journal of the American Medical Association
Medicine and Modernity brings recent German medical history to life, making it conveniently available for readers not able to read the growing literature in German. If there are any lessons in history, this collection may be a good place to look for them.
From the Publisher
" in information and insight....The book's contributions to the field should prove useful to anyone interested in the subject." Vincent A. Clark, German Studies Review

"But because it takes wider views, and contains some excellent new essays, I can recommend Medicine and Modernity to both historians and physicians." Nick Hopwood, Lancet

"We have, then, very rich fare. Medicine and Modernity brings recent German medical history to life, making it conveniently available for readers not able to read the growing literature in German. If there are any lessons in history, this collection may be a good place to look for them." Gert H. Brieger, MD, Journal of the American Medical Association

"...this collection of essays is a welcome addition to the otherwise sparse English-language literature on the history of German medicine." Eric J. Engstrom, Jrnl of Interdisciplinary History

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of Contributors
Introduction 1
1 To Benefit the Poor and Advance Medical Science: Hospitals and Hospital Care in Germany, 1820-1870 17
2 From Traditional Individualism to Collective Professionalism: State, Patient, Compulsory Health Insurance, and the Panel Doctor Question in Germany, 1883-1931 35
3 In Search of German Social Darwinism: The History and Historiography of a Concept 55
4 Modern German Doctors: A Failure of Professionalization? 81
5 The Mentally Ill Patient Caught between the State's Demands and the Professional Interests of Psychiatrists 99
6 Rationalizing the Therapeutic Arsenal: German Neuropsychiatry in World War I 121
7 Sterilization and "Medical" Massacres in National Socialist Germany: Ethics Politics, and the Law 149
8 The Old as New: The Nuremberg Doctors' Trial and Medicine in Modern Germany 173
9 The Debate that Will Not End: The Politics of Abortion in Germany from Weimar to National Socialism and the Postwar Period 193
10 The Sewering Scandal of 1993 and the German Medical Establishment 213
Index 235
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