Medicine and the Internet / Edition 1

Medicine and the Internet / Edition 1

by Luis G. Pareras
     
 

ISBN-10: 0316690597

ISBN-13: 9780316690591

Pub. Date: 01/28/1996

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780316690591
Publisher:
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication date:
01/28/1996
Edition description:
BK&DISK
Pages:
653
Product dimensions:
7.38(w) x 9.13(h) x 1.91(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
I The revolution is here 3(44)
1 What Is the INTERNET? Understanding how it works All the information indispensable to understanding how the INTERNET, the most important network of the century, works. Find out what it is, how it got started, what its fundamental protocols are, the requirements for access, the types of connection and how to use it.
3(22)
The birth of a new era
4(1)
What is the INTERNET?
5(2)
Historical note
7(2)
What is the TCP/IP protocol?
9(1)
Basic postulates
TCP protocol
The impact of the INTERNET on society and on medicine
10(1)
Basic requirements
11(2)
Computer
MODEM
Telephone line
Access account
Types of connection to the INTERNET
13(1)
Dial-up terminal emulation
Dial-up IP
Dedicated access
The use of the INTERNET: The concept of tools
14(11)
Electronic mail
Participation in debate forums
Importing files from any computer in the world
The use of other computers at a distance
Information search via menus
Access to multimedia information
The foundation of interactive working groups
Tools for information searches
2 Medical Uses of the INTERNET Toward a new model of medicine Discover the potential uses of the INTERNET for professionals in the field of medicine. Innovative ideas on the present and future applications of the INTERNET in the world of health care.
25(22)
Medicine and the INTERNET
26(1)
The applications of the INTERNET in medicine
27(16)
Electronic communication
Participation in debates and discussion forums
Consultation of journals by means of the INTERNET
Sending of manuscripts to journals
Bibliographic search
Multicenter protocols
Consultation on clinical cases
Consultation of medical databases
Clinical sessions at a distance
Future applications
43(4)
Surgical simulation
Videoconferences
Remote virtual surgery?
II Communication on the INTERNET 47(80)
3 Electronic Mail A world without frontiers Analyze the pros and cons of electronic mail; learn to send and receive messages. Find out about the potential uses of electronic mail in medicine.
47(18)
Introduction
48(1)
What makes electronic mail so exceptional?
49(1)
Speed
Economy
Efficiency
Versatility
Disadvantages
50(1)
Absence of privacy
Structure of a message
51(1)
Control elements
Body
Control of the message
52(2)
Date
Reply to
Cc
Bcc
Keywords
Encrypted
Received
Software for the management of electronic mail
54(2)
Mailboxes
New message
Sending messages
Off-line work
56(1)
INTERNET addresses
57(2)
Structure
High-level domains
Gateways
59(2)
Can we send something more than messages?
61(1)
Usefulness of electronic mail in medicine
62(3)
4 LISTSERV The distribution lists Use the resources of the INTERNET to hold discussions with medical colleagues around the world in virtual debates on any medical subject.
65(20)
What are distribution lists?
66(3)
Advantages of this communication system
Important facts
How can we find the list which interests us?
69(2)
NEWLIST
INTERNET directories
LIST GLOBAL
Medical resources
Basic concepts
71(1)
Subscribe, unsubscribe and sending messages
71(4)
Subscription to lists managed by software (LISTSERV)
Subscription to lists not managed by software (MAILING LISTS)
Use of distribution lists
75(1)
LISTSERV commands
SET NOMAIL
SET MAIL
INDEX
GET
REVIEW
SET REPRO
SET CONCEAL
INFO
Usefulness in medicine: Toward permanent discussion forums
76(1)
Medical distribution lists
77(8)
5 Newsgroups The maximum impact Learn how you can have your opinions read by thousands of medical colleagues throughout the world using one of the INTERNET's most exciting tools.
85(22)
What are NEWSGROUPS?
86(3)
Concept of USENET
Structure of debate subjects
Generic groups
The graphics environment in the use of NEWSGROUPS
89(3)
Windows
NEWSGROUPS window
Article window
Reading window
Using NEWSGROUPS
92(3)
Our first connection
Receiving a complete list of existing NEWSGROUPS
Subscribing / Unsubscribing to NEWSGROUPS
Reading articles
95(4)
Complete list of articles
Reading an articles
Reading a reply
Sending article
99(4)
Sending an original article
Sending a reply
Medical NEWSGROUPS
103(4)
6 INTERNET Relay Chat Tools for thinking in tandem Hold electronic debates in real time over thousands of miles. INTERNET Relay Chat allows colleagues from around the world to work simultaneously on any document or to hold multicenter clinical sessions and meetings.
107(20)
The concept of groupware
108(1)
What is INTERNET Relay Chat?
109(1)
Basic characteristics
Using IRC
The functioning of IRC
110(1)
Servers in which we can find client IRC
111(1)
Using IRC
112(2)
IRC servers
Starting an IRC session
114(5)
Setup
Establishing a connection
Creating our own conversation channel
Selecting a conversation channel
List of active channels
IRC special commands
119(2)
New connection
Private messages
Finding out the details of a participant
Throwing a participant off the channel
Leaving the channel
Closing the connection
Establishing a DCC connection
IRC commands
121(2)
ABEEP
ACTION
AFLASH
AJOIN
CKICK
CLEAR
CONNECT
CTCP
DCC CHAT
DCC SEND
DISCONNECT
EXIT
FINGER
HOP
IGNORE
JOIN
KICK
LIST
NAMES
NICK
MSG
OP
PART
QUIT
SERVER
SESSIONLOG
TOPIC
WAIT
WHO
WHOIS
The future of IRC
123(4)
Transmission of sound
Transmission of video
Multiple channels
III The tools of the future 127(204)
7 File Transfer Protocol Getting files from everywhere Find out how to gain access to remote computers and import the information you want to your computer.
127(16)
Introduction
128(1)
Types of FTP systems
129(1)
Anonymous FTP
Restricted FTP
Where is the information?
130(1)
ARCHIE
FTP lists
Electronic mail
Advice
Use of FTP
131(8)
UNIX environment
FTP commands
ascii
binary
bye
cd
cdup
close
delete
dir
get
help
lcd
mkdir
open
put
rmdir
SLIP environment
Using a graphical interface
Options
Changing the directory
Reading files
Running files
Rename and Delete options
Medical uses of FTP
139(1)
Medical FTP
140(3)
8 TELNET Remote access to other computers Use TELNET to access computers all over the world from your own computer. Learn to use one of the first tools that appeared on the INTERNET and which still gives access to a tremendous storehouse of information.
143(14)
Introduction
144(1)
Using other computers with TELNET
145(1)
INPUT MODE Remote connection
COMMAND MODE
Examples
146(5)
National Library of Medicine
MEDLARS
Medical uses of TELNET
151(2)
Medical computers available through TELNET
153(4)
9 ARCHIE Looking for files for FTP access Learn how to locate medical data on the INTERNET and import it to your own computer by File Transfer Protocol.
157(18)
What is ARCHIE?
158(2)
ARCHIE servers
160(1)
Searching for files: Access by means of TELNET
161(2)
Fundamental commands
163(3)
PROG
SET pager
SET maxhits
SET search
sub
subcase
exact
regex
ARCHIE commands
166(2)
Commands
Regular expressions
Access by means of ARCHIE clients
168(2)
Simple search
Parameters for defining the ARCHIE search
-e
-s
-c
-h
-m
-t
Access via a client ARCHIE in a graphic interface
170(4)
Selection of an ARCHIE server
Searching for keywords
Structure of the results
Definition of the type of search
Personalization of default values
Access via electronic mail
174(1)
How is this possible?
Commands
10 GOPHER Browsing the INTERNET Learn how to find information from other computers without needing to know where they are. The creation of GOPHER made the use of the INTERNET much more intuitive, and it is now one of the most fundamental tools.
175(22)
Introduction
176(1)
Basic concepts
177(1)
Ease of use
You don't need to know the location of the computer
Use of GOPHER
178(13)
Access via GOPHER clients
Identification letters
Examples
Obtaining text
Obtaining images
Search for keywords
Access with TELNET
Examples
Identification symbols
Which GOPHER do we need?
191(2)
Use of VERONICA
INTERNET medical resource directories
Medical GOPHERs
193(4)
11 VERONICA Looking for GOPHER resources Learn how to locate the information you need on the INTERNET using one of the most powerful search engines for finding medical resources.
197(14)
What is VERONICA?
198(1)
Basic concepts
199(1)
The search is not case-sensitive
Searches in complete text?
Accessing VERONICA
199(1)
In search of information
199(9)
Type of search to carry out
Simple search
Search by more than one keyword
Search for word roots
Search by types of GOPHER
Specification of number of resources
Access to VERONICA by means of WWW
208(1)
Practical applications in medicine
209(2)
12 World Wide Web The multimedia revolution Get to know the tool responsible for the explosion in the popularity of the INTERNET which gives users previously unimaginable multimedia options. It allows you to transfer and import graphics, images, sounds, and video as well as text. It enables you to jump from one document, computer, location, country, or continent to another by simply clicking your mouse. Exploit to the full the medical resources of the INTERNET.
211(44)
What is the WWW?
212(1)
Basic concepts
213(1)
The information arrives in the form of a text file
The communication is not permanent
Fundamental characteristics of the WWW
214(3)
Multimedia capacity
Accessibility of various types of resources
Use of hypertext
Concept of HTML
217(1)
Structure of the Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
218(1)
Tools available from WWW
218(1)
Types of WWW programs
219(1)
Text-based programs
Graphical interface
Structure of a web document
220(1)
Document window
Control window
Using WWW
221(8)
Example
Navigating with the WWW
Example
Using other tools through the WWW
229(24)
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
Document structure
Graphical conventions
Text files
Any file which is not text
GOPHER
Graphical interface
Using GOPHER
TELNET
Using TELNET from the WWW
WAIS
Connection
Directory of servers
Search
Example
NEWSGROUPS
Setup
NEWSGROUPS through the WWW
Using NEWSGROUPS
Example
Graphical conventions
Electronic mail
Impact of WWW in medicine
253(2)
13 Hypertext MarkUp Language The engine of the WWW Learn the basic concepts of Hypertext MarkUp Language (HTML), the programming tool which has revolutionized the INTERNET. Get to know the specifications of HTML in a progressive course so that you can create your own WWW pages.
255(50)
What is HTML?
256(1)
General concepts: How does it work?
257(3)
How is the text laid out?
How is the multimedia environment established?
What does hypertext mean in practice?
Creating our own webpages
260(1)
Learning HTML
Software for webpage creation
HTML specifications
261(1)
What do we need?
Structure of a web document
Head
Body
Tags
HEAD control
262(1)
Title
Base
Isindex
BODY control
263(27)
Text control
Headings
Paragraphs
Font styles
Logical
em
strong
cite
dfn
code
kbd
Physical
b
i
tt
u
Lists
Definition list
Lists without numbering
Numbered list
Lists contained in other lists
Interactive menus
Items directories
Preformatted text
Horizontal lines
Image control
IMG SRC
Control of the images in the documents
ALIGN
WIDTH
BORDER
VSPACE
Hypertext control
A HREF
Link types
Relative
Absolute
When should we use each link?
Links to other tools
File
Http
GOPHER
News
TELNET
Links with part of the same document
Using forms
290(12)
FORM
ACTION
METHOD
INPUT
Name
Type
Text
Password
Checkbox
Radio
Submit
Reset
Selecting options
TEXTAREA
Publishing in the WWW
302(3)
Objectives
Depositing the HTML files in a server
Publicizing our information
14 Medical Uses of the WWW Web authoring on the INTERNET Get to know the potential applications of creating your own Web resources. In this chapter we analyze the WWW applications which are going to have the greatest impact among medical professionals. Learn how to consult on clinical cases, propose multicenter studies, edit scientific publications, develop text and image databases, and many other useful applications.
305(26)
Introduction
306(1)
Electronic consultation of clinical cases
307(7)
Wide distribution
Using a FORM
Characteristics
Examples
Multicenter protocols
314(5)
Advantages
Straightforward
Sent automatically
Fast speed
Central gathering of the information
Equally accessible collected data
Password access
Versatility
Examples using HTML
Publication of electronic journals
319(4)
Sending articles
Laying out the text
Examples using HTML
Hypertext links with other resources
323(1)
Resource lists
Example using HTML
Image databases
324(2)
Example using HTML
Databases
326(1)
Example using HTML
Establishment of electronic communities
327(4)
IV Looking for medical resources on the INTERNET 331(111)
15 WAIS Wide area information servers Find out about a new concept in the classification of information on the INTERNET. Wide area information servers give you access to various sources of biomedical information.
331(14)
Introduction
332(1)
Basic concepts
333(1)
Impact
Complete text search
Natural Query Language
Using WAIS
Searching for documents with WAIS
334(11)
Using WAIS via WWW
Search phases
Keywords
Limitations
Example
The search result
Using WAIS via TELNET
Example
WAIS commands through TELNET
Using WAIS through specific client programs
16 E-Journals Electronic magazines on the INTERNET Analyze the fundamental characteristics of electronic journals and learn how to subscribe over the INTERNET. Find out why electronically distributed journals are witnessing explosive growth on the INT ERNET. Electronic journals offer enormous advantages to both reader and editor: the reader gets up-to-date information fast; the editor slashes paper and transport costs while reaching the entire planet. Maximum distribution at minimum cost: the keys to success.
345(26)
Is paper destined to disappear?
346(1)
Advantages and drawbacks
Possibilities of transmitting e-journals
347(8)
Electronic mail and LISTSERVE
TELNET
FTP
Example: Protein Science
GOPHER
Example: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
World Wide Web
Examples: British Medical Journal, Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery
Toward a new model of medical journal
355(2)
Access systems
Partial publications
Complete publications
Characteristics of e-journals
357(2)
Limited cost
Global distribution
Quality of reproduction
Electronic subscription
Personalized subscription
Reliable analysis of readership
Hypertext
Digital storage
Good communication between author and reader
Commercial independence
Other factors
Drawbacks of e-journals
359(1)
Difficult scientific criticism
The quality of information
Access to non-electronic journals
360(6)
Connection
Name searches
Browse by journal title
Quick search
Asking for reprints
Access with Personal Uncover Navigator (PUN)
Electronic publications in medicine
366(2)
Medical journals list
368(3)
17 Web Search Searching for medical resources Learn how to find the medical information you want on the WWW. All the search mechanisms to get maximum benefit from the INTERNET.
371(42)
Introduction
372(1)
Methods of obtaining information
373(1)
Resource directories
Search tools
Which one should we use?
Resource directories
374(23)
MedWeb
CERN WWW Virtual Library
Clinical Medicine Resources - University of lowa
Galaxy - Medicine
Hancock List of INTERNET Health Resources
NOVALINK Health Resources
HospitalWeb
HyperDOC: National Library of Medicine
Martindale's Health Science Guide - '95
Medical Matrix Guide
Medicine on the INTERNET
PharmWeb
Dr Malet's Medical List
The Medical Meeting Place
Whole Internet Catalog
Yahoo Medical Index
Search tools
397(13)
ArchiePlex
CHORUS - Collaborative Hypertext Resource
JumpStation
Robots - Search Tools
Searchable WWW Catalog - CUI
VERONICA
W3 Search Engines
WebCrawler
World Wide Web Worm
Web search list
410(3)
18 Searching Other Colleagues Finding people on the INTERNET Learn how to locate colleagues the world over on the INTERNET to get maximum advantage from the new interpersonal communication capabilities. We analyze the key methods for finding electroni addresses simply and clearly.
413(18)
Finding addresses on the network
414(1)
Non-electronic methods
415(1)
Direct contact
Visiting cards
Yellow pages
Search directories on the WWW
416(5)
Phone Directory
LookUp
Four11 Directory
White pages on the INTERNET
421(1)
Scenic White Pages
General search systems on WWW
422(2)
NETFIND
424(1)
X.500
425(1)
FINGER
426(1)
WHO.IS
427(1)
INTERNIC
428(1)
Other methods
429(2)
Postmaster
Other colleagues
USENET: Soc.net-people
19 Bibliographic Search MEDLINE access from the INTERNET Make contact with the new system for bibliographic searches made from your own computer on the INTERNET. Learn where and how to look for the articles you need.
431(11)
Introduction
432(1)
Access through HyperDOC
433(2)
MEDLARS-MEDLINE
Grateful MED
HSTAT
Other databases
TOXNET
GenBank
AIDS Databases
NLM Locator
Access through other systems
435(1)
Search examples
436(1)
Bibliographic search techniques
437(5)
Controlled vocabulary
Free text
V Medical resources 442
20 to 34 Access to Medical Information Resources directory A directory of the most important medical resources on the INTERNET, classified according to medical specialty. Contact the resources you most need and get an overview of the information accessible via the INTERNET in each area of medicine.
442(55)
20 Neurosciences
442(9)
21 Internal Medicine
451(7)
22 Surgery
458(1)
23 Oncology
459(4)
24 AIDS and Immunology
463(4)
25 Image
467(5)
26 Genetics
472(3)
27 Cardiology
475(2)
28 Pediatrics
477(4)
29 Pathology
481(2)
30 Traumatology and Orthopedics
483(2)
31 Obstetrics and Gynecology
485(2)
32 Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
487(4)
33 Ophthalmology
491(4)
34 ENT
495(2)
35 Medicine and the WWW A guided tour Visit some of the best addresses for medicine on the network. A guided tour round the best resources on the INTERNET.
497
3-D Brain Aneurysm
498(2)
AIDS Information Newsletter
500(2)
American Academy of Neurology
502(2)
American Academy of Pediatrics
504(2)
American Cancer Society Publications
506(2)
American College of Cardiology
508(2)
Anesthesiology Archives: GASNET
510(2)
Anesthesiology Educational WWW Server
512(2)
Association for Research in Otolaryngology
514(2)
ATLAS - Advanced Tools for Learning Anatomical Structure
516(2)
Baseline Project - Handbook of Primary Care
518(2)
Brain Aging Homepage
520(2)
Brain Research and Neurobiology
522(2)
Brainstem Neuroanatomy Images
524(2)
Cancer Guide
526(2)
Cardiac Arrhythmia Advisory System
528(2)
Cardiax
530(2)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Information Exchange
532(2)
Clinical Decision Making Group
534(2)
Experimental Organ Preservation
536(2)
EXTOXNET
538(2)
FAQ About AIDS
540(2)
Genome Database
542(2)
Go Ask Alice
544(2)
Heart Sounds
546(2)
Hereditary Hearing Impairment Resource Registry
548(2)
Histology Network - NUS HISTONET
550(2)
HIV/AIDS
552(2)
Human Brain Project
554(2)
HyperDOC - National Library of Medicine
556(2)
Journal of Medical Imaging
558(2)
Medical Software Development
560(2)
Midwifery, Pregnancy and Birth-Related Information
562(2)
National Cancer Institute
564(2)
Neonatology
566(2)
Neuroanatomy Study Slides
568(2)
Neuroimplant Program
570(2)
Neurology Homepage
572(2)
Neuroplexus Server
574(2)
Neuroradiology Teaching File
576(2)
Neuroscience
578(2)
Neurosurgery at North Carolina
580(2)
Neurosurgery at Massachusetts General Hospital
582(2)
Neurosurgical Visualization Laboratory
584(2)
NeuroWeb
586(2)
Nuclear Medicine Teaching File
588(2)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
590(2)
Obstetrics and Gynecology
592(2)
OncoLink
594(2)
Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
596(2)
Orthopedic Homepage
598(2)
Pathology Slides
600(2)
PED-EM-L Web Page: Pediatric Emergency Medicine
602(2)
PharmInfo Web
604(2)
Physicians' GenRx International
606(2)
Psychiatry Homepage
608(2)
Psychology
610(2)
Psycholoquy
612(2)
Radiological Anatomy Project
614(2)
Radiology Teaching Files on the Net
616(2)
Reproductive Health Center
618(2)
Rethinking AIDS
620(2)
Skull Base Surgery Planning Project
622(2)
Surgery
624(2)
Surgery Simulation Information Page
626(2)
Surgical Pathology Cases
628(2)
Surgical Simulation Toolkit
630(2)
Synapse
632(2)
The Digital Anatomist
634(2)
The Heart: A Virtual Exploration
636(2)
The Virtual Hospital
638(2)
The Virtual Medical Center
640(2)
The Visible Embryo Project
642(2)
The Visible Human Project
644(2)
The Whole Brain Atlas
646(2)
Three-Dimensional Medical Images
648(2)
TransWeb
650(2)
WebPath
652

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