Medicine before Science: The Business of Medicine from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment

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Overview

An introductory history of university-trained physicians from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. Rather than focus on the bizarre seeming practises of this social elite, French argues that they helped to construct the expectations of society and met these accordingly. This book is an introduction to the history of university-trained physicians from the Middle Ages to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. While considered elite (in reputation and rewards) and successful, we know little of their clinical effectiveness. To modern eyes their theory and practice often seems bizarre. But historical evidence reveals that they were judged on other criteria, and this book asserts that these physicians helped to construct and meet the expectations of society. An introductory history of university-trained physicians from the middle ages to the eighteenth century. This book offers an introduction to the history of university-trained physicians from the middle ages to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. While to modern eyes their theory and practice often seems bizarre, the historical evidence is they were judged by other criteria and helped to construct the expectations of society. This book offers an introduction to the history of university-trained physicians from the middle ages to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. These were the elite, in reputation and rewards, and they were successful. Yet we can form little idea of their clinical effectiveness, and to modern eyes their theory and practice often seems bizarre. But the historical evidence is that they were judged on other criteria, and the argument of this book is that these physicians helped to construct the expectations of society - and met them accordingly. This book is an introduction to the history of university-trained physicians from the Middle Ages to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. While considered elite (in reputation and rewards) and successful, we know little of thei
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...a useful, important, and welcomed contribution to the bookshelf of every student of premodern science." Bulletin of the History of Medicine

"...written in an engaging style and with a broad historical sweep..." History

"...the book is a lucid and well-organized introduction to the European Latin tradition of medicine, covering a long time-span, synthesising a vast array of material and research into a coherent framework, useful to students and experts in the field alike." Robert Juette, Instituts fur Geschichte der Medizin der Robert Bosch Stiftung

"The book will surely raise the interest of future scholars and serve them well." American Historical Review

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521809771
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 2/20/2003
  • Pages: 296
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Meet the Author

Roger French is Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Clare Hall.

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Table of Contents

Introduction; Part I. Sources: 1. Hippocrates and the philosophers; 2. Galen; Part II. The Latin Tradition: 3. Medieval schools; 4. Scholastic medicine; 5. The weakening of the Latin tradition; Part III. The Crisis: 6. The crisis of theory; 7. Resolutions; 8. Enlightenment, systems and science; Select bibliography.

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