Medicine in the Twentieth Century / Edition 1

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Overview

In 1900, western medicine was important to philanthropy and public health, but it was marginal to the state, the industrial economy and the welfare of most individuals. It is now central to these aspects of life. Our prospects seem increasingly dependent on the progress of bio-medical sciences and genetic technologies which promise to reshape future generations.
Now available in paperback, Medicine in the Twentieth Century includes over forty authoritative essays, written by historical specialists but intended for general readers. Some concentrate on the political economy of medicine and health as it changed from period to period and varied between countries, others focus on understandings of the body and a third set of essays explores transformations in some of the theatres of medicine and the changing experiences of different categories of practitioners and patients.
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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Sandy Sufian, PhD, MPH (Oregon Health and Science University)
Description: This book makes a unique contribution to the field of the history of medicine.
Purpose: It critically reviews the "continuing, contested dynamics" of modern medicine to explore how its multiple meanings and manifestations have been negotiated during the last century.
Audience: The chapters are accessible to an audience ranging from history of medicine scholars and healthcare professionals to students of history, medicine, and the allied health professions. This book should be used for research purposes and as a standard teaching tool.
Features: The work not only describes broad shifts and key characteristics in the history of twentieth-century medicine but also successfully illustrates how modern medicine shaped and was shaped by certain political, social, cultural, and economic contexts. The chapters span such well-researched themes as medicine, labor, and the welfare state, medical professionalism and technologies, to less commonly addressed but equally noteworthy subjects as representations of people with physical and mental disabilities, infertility, immunity, and old age. The contributors are highly respected scholars who produce clear, historical narratives about the "material, conceptual, social, cultural, and intellectual" ways in which medicine throughout the twentieth century has impacted the human condition.
Assessment: A significant yet acknowledged limitation remains the book's cursory attention to the interaction of biomedicine with non-Western and/or religious forms of medicine and to non-Western discourses on health and disease. In addition, thorough examinations of intra/inter-ethnic relations in the field of health and the histories of medical education are lacking. The strength, nevertheless, lies in the book's ability to coherently bring together a wide range of perspectives that reveal how medical conceptions and agendas of the period provide a basis for understanding developments in the twenty-first century. Analyzing twentieth-century medicine in this manner is an endeavor that, as far as I am aware, has not been attempted until this book.
John Harley Warner
A tour de force - this expansive synthesis is the best and most ambitious exploration we have of medicine in the twentieth-century. The nearly four dozen contributors that Cooter and Pickstone have commissioned to fill their bold canvas are historiographically sophisticated and thoroughly engaging, This book is indispensable reading for anyone who wants to understand the place and power of medicine in twentieth-century culture and the ongoing debates surrounding the nature of medicine in modern society.
From the Publisher
'Was the twentieth century really the 'golden age' of medicine? The difficulty is that the field is too vast for any individual to answer this question - and until now, no comprehensive treatment of the era has been available. Medicine in the Twentieth Century triumphantly overcomes this dilemma. Its wide-ranging coverage by over 40 world experts is not limited to western medicine, but includes consideration of the Third World, China, and the Soviet Union. No serious student of the era can afford to be without it.' - Stephen Lock, MD, Professor of Medicine and Editor of the British Medical Journal 1975-1991.

'The 46 chapters in this book are interesting and well written....The scholarship is apparent and individual chapters combine to create a well-balanced history of twentieth century medicine.' - E-Streams
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789057024795
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 9/1/2000
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 776
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.63 (d)

Table of Contents

Section I: Introduction
Section II: Power
1. Production, Community and Consumption: The Politcal Economy of Twentieth Century Medicine
2. The Golden Age of Medicine? Science and Medicine, 1880-2000
3. Health and Medicine in Interwar Europe
4. Soviet Medicine
5. Colonial Medicine
6. Health and Healthcare in the Progressive Era
7. History of Post-Colonial Medicine
8. Medicine and Counter-Culture
9. Medicine and the Welfare State 1930-1970
10. The Pharmaceutical Industry in the Twentieth Century
11. Medicine, Technology and Industry
12. Welfare StatesSection III: Bodies1. The Historiographical Body
2. The Healthy Body
3. The Industrial Body
4. The 'Third World Body'
5. The Temporal Body
6. The Sexual Body
7. The Reproductive Body
8. The Psychological Body
9. The Psychoanalytic body
10. The Psychiatric Body
11. The Diseased Body
12. The Disabled Body
13. The Genetic Body
14. The Analyzed Body
15. The Experimental Body
16. The Ethical Body
17. The Dead Body
Section IV: Experiences1. Media
2. Hospitals
3. Nurses
4. Health Workers
5. Going to the Doctor
6. Childbirth and Maternity
7. Children's Experience of Illness
8. Wars
9. Supported Lives
10. Old Age
11. Mental Illness
12. Surgeons
13. Cancer
14. AIDS and Patient/Support Groups
15. Malaria
16. The Chinese Experience
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