Medieval Europe: A Short History / Edition 11

Medieval Europe: A Short History / Edition 11

by Judith Bennett
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0073385506

ISBN-13: 9780073385501

Pub. Date: 01/20/2010

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Medieval Europe introduces today's students to the medieval roots of our own society. In an accessible and engaging narrative, it tells how the peoples of medieval Europe built, understood, and changed their world. Never losing sight of the neighboring civilizations of Byzantium and Islam, it has its feet firmly planted in the medieval West, from whence it

Overview

Medieval Europe introduces today's students to the medieval roots of our own society. In an accessible and engaging narrative, it tells how the peoples of medieval Europe built, understood, and changed their world. Never losing sight of the neighboring civilizations of Byzantium and Islam, it has its feet firmly planted in the medieval West, from whence it gives ample consideration to such subjects as women's lives, Jewish communities, ordinary people, and the experiences of Europeans in the often-neglected centuries of the Later Middle Ages.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780073385501
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
01/20/2010
Edition description:
List
Pages:
416
Sales rank:
113,373
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Conventions xi

Biographical Sketches xii

Medieval Myths xiii

Timelines xiv

Maps xv

List of Figures xvi

Preface xix

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Romans, Christians, and Barbarians 4

The Early Middle Ages 4

The Roman Peace (31 B.C.E-180 C.E.) and After 5

Christianity 8

Barbarians and the Western Empire 19

The Decline of the Western Empire 25

Conclusion 27

Chapter 2 Early Western Christendom, c. 500-700 28

Introduction 28

Early Medieval Society 28

Early Medieval Politics 33

The Early Medieval Church 40

Intellectual Life 48

Conclusion 50

Chapter 3 Neighbors: Byzantium and Islam, c. 500-1000 51

Introduction 51

From Eastern to Byzantine Empire 52

The Byzantine Centuries 59

The Ascent of Islam 65

The Islamic Empire 70

Islamic Culture 77

Conclusion 79

Chapter 4 Carolingian Europe, c. 700-850 80

Introduction 80

The Early Carolingians 82

Charlemagne (r. 768-814) 83

Intellectual Revival 95

Conclusion 100

Chapter 5 Division, Invasion, and Reorganization, c. 800-1000 102

Introduction 102

Division: The Later Carolingians 102

Invasion: Muslims, Magyars, and Vikings 104

Reorganization: New Polities 111

Conclusion 130

Chapter 6 Economic Takeoff and Social Change, c. 1000-1300 131

The Central Middle Ages 131

Agricultural Revolution 139

Rural Society 141

The Commercial Revolution 150

Urban Society 156

The Landholding Aristocracy 162

Feudal Society 163

Conclusion 166

Chapter 7 Popes and the Papacy, c. 1000-1300 167

Introduction 167

Papacy, Clergy, and Laity, c. 1000-1122 168

The Reformed Papacy and Its Church 175

Innocent III and the Papacy Ascendant 184

The Papacy after 1250 187

Conclusion 189

Chapter 8 New Paths to God, c. 1000-1300 190

Introduction 190

Judaism 190

The Evolution of Christian Piety 191

Orthodoxy and Heresy 197

Changes in Monastic Life 199

The Mendicant Orders 205

Conclusion 210

Chapter 9 Conquests, Crusades, and Persecutions, c. 1100-1300 211

Introduction 211

Conquests and Territorial Expansion 212

Crusades 221

Persecutions 231

Conclusion 235

Chapter 10 States Made and Unmade, c. 1000-1300 236

Introduction 236

The Holy Roman Empire: Disintegration 237

England: King and Parliament 248

France: The Monarchy Triumphant 258

Iberia: Some Consolidation 267

The States of Northern and Eastern Europe 268

Conclusion 268

Chapter 11 Literature, Art, and Thought, c. 1000-1300 269

Introduction 269

Byzantine and Islamic Influences 270

Intellectual Trends 271

Literature 283

Architecture and Sculpture 290

Conclusion 296

Chapter 12 Famine, Plague, and Recovery, c. 1300-1500 297

The Later Middle Ages 297

Economic Woes and Demographic Crisis (1300-1350) 301

Adjustment and Recovery (1350-1500) 306

Late Medieval Christianity 313

Conclusion 321

Chapter 13 Toward the Sovereign State, c. 1300-1500 322

Introduction 322

England, France, and the Hundred Years' War 323

England: Parliament, Civil War, and Tudor Monarchy 327

France: Constitutional Crisis, War, and the Spider King 329

The Iberian Slates: Consolidation through Homogenization 332

New Powers on the European Periphery 335

The Heritage of the Holy Roman Empire 338

Conclusion 341

Chapter 14 Diversity and Dynamism in Culture, c. 1300-1500 344

Introduction 344

Literacy and Vernacular Languages 345

Humanist Education 347

Literature 350

Art and Architecture 352

Philosophy 354

Political Thought 359

Conclusion 360

Glossary G-1

Photo Credits P-1

Index I-1

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