Medieval Mythography, Volume 1: From Roman North Africa to the School of Chartres, A.D. 433-1177 / Edition 1

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The mythic world of Juno, Jupiter's consort, is one of flesh and begetting, of suffering and death, and of poetry itself. Exploring the relationship between that realm of the classical gods and the sphere of medieval mythographers, Jane Chance illuminates the efforts of medieval writers to understand human existence and the forces of nature in relation to Christian truth.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813012568
  • Publisher: University Press of Florida
  • Publication date: 7/28/1994
  • Edition description: First
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 761
  • Lexile: 1610L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.52 (w) x 9.62 (h) x 1.95 (d)

Meet the Author

Jane Chance is professor of English at Rice University.  She is the author or editor of many of works in the field of medieval studies, most recently The Mythographic Art: Classical Fable and the Rise of the Vernacular in Early France and England UPF, 1990) and Tolkien's Lord of the Rings: The Mythology of Power, and she serves as series editor for the Focus Library on Medieval Women.

Publication of this book made possible in part by a grant from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.

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Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Citation Editions
Chronology of Medieval Mythographers and Commentary Authors
Introduction: Mythography: Margin as Text, Text as Image 1
Ch. 1 The Allegorization of Classical Myth in the Literary School Commentary 18
I Stoic Cosmography and Ethics in Reading Homer's Scandalous Gods 21
II Christian Readings of Sacred and Pagan Texts 30
III Reading Virgil: The Commentary Traditions in the Medieval Schools 44
Ch. 2 The Heliocentric Cosmogony and the Textual Underworld: Macrobius's Multicultural Reading of Virgil 65
I Heliocentric Stoicism in the Saturnalia: The Egyptian Apollo 69
II The Textual and Stoic Underworld in the Commentary on the Somnium Scipionis 82
III Coda: Philosophy and Fiction 92
Ch. 3 The Virgilian Hero in North Africa: Fulgentius the Grammarian and Calliope, Muse of Epic Poetry 95
I Calliope, Magisterial Muse of Epic Poetry, in the Mitologiae 101
II The Virgilian Hero in North Africa 111
Ch. 4 Ovid's Cupid as Demon of Fornication: The Episcopal Mythographies of Isidore of Seville and Theodulf of Orleans 129
I Theodulf's Isidorian Cupid in "De libris," Carmina 45 133
II Isidore's Virgilian Underworld of Demonic Gods 139
III The Demonic Hero of the Underworld, Vis Mentis 147
IV The Poem as an Underworld, The Reader as Hero 151
Ch. 5 The "Universal Genealogy" of Gods and Heroes in the First Vatican Mythographer 158
I The Literal Glosses on Statius and Ovid in Lactantius Placidus 168
II Historical and Natural Allegory in the Berne Scholiast on Virgil's Eclogues and Georgics 171
III The Genealogy of the Gods and the First Vatican Mythography, Books 1 and 2 181
IV National Histories in the First Vatican Mythography, Book 3: The Heroes Prometheus, Aeneas, Perseus, and Hercules 194
Ch. 6 Orpheus, Ulysses, Hercules: Scholastic Virgilizing of the Boethian Hero by King Alfred, the St. Gall Commentators, and Remigius of Auxerre 205
I The Translation and Conversion of Orpheus in the West Saxon King Alfred's Boethius 211
II Orpheus, Ulysses, and Hercules as Types of Aeneas in the Anonymous of St. Gall 215
III The Boethian Hero's Descent into the Neoplatonic Virgilian Underworld in Remigius of Auxerre 220
Ch. 7 The Uxorious Gods in Remigius of Auxerre's Neo-Stoic Commentary on Martianus Capella 242
I The Hibernian Connection, the Vernacular, and the Feminine 250
II Hymen and His Kin: Female Domination in Marriage 260
III Juno's Female, Earthly Underworld 283
IV Orpheus, the Uxorious Thracian Poet, and the Power of Music (Harmonia) 293
Ch. 8 Oedipus and the Daughters of Saturn: Gender and Genealogy in the Second Vatican Mythographer 300
I The Gender of Genealogy: Juno and the Argives 311
II The Genealogies of Heroes: From Prometheus to Oedipus and Hercules 323
Ch. 9 Atlas as Nimrod, Hydra as Vuurm: Gender and Multiculturalism in the Ecloga Theoduli, Notker Labeo, and Bernard of Utrecht 347
I Gender and Mythography in the Ecloga Theoduli: (Female) Old Testament versus (Male) Pagan Fable 355
II Notker Labeo's Anti-Carolingian Multiculturalism 363
III The Scholastic Ecloga: Bernard of Utrecht as Literary Critic 386
Ch. 10 The Virgilian Judgment of Paris and the Problem of the Body: From Neoplatonic to Neo-Stoic in the Glosses of William of Conches 400
I Orpheus and the World Soul: William and the Erfurt Boethius Commentary 409
II The Neo-Stoic Gods in William's Neoplatonic Theory of Fiction: The Macrobius Glosses 418
III Juno's Enemy Hercules as Neo-Stoic Crossover Hero in the "Martianus Glosses" 425
IV Neo-Stoic Hercules and Vulcan in the Juvenal and Timaeus Glosses 439
Ch. 11 The Virgilian Hero's Virtuous Descent in Martianus Capella: The Neo-Stoic Intertextuality of Bernard Silvestris 445
I The Virtuous Descent of Aeneas in the Virgil Commentary 456
II The Virtuous Descent of Mercury in the Martianus Commentary 463
III Conclusion: Virgil and Martianus in the Aetas Ovidiana 478
Notes 493
Bibliography 637
Index 677
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