Megacities: The Politics of Urban Exclusion and Violence in the Global South [NOOK Book]

Overview

For the first time in history, the majority of the world’s population lives in cities, the result of a rapid process of urbanization that started in the second half of the twentieth century. ‘Megacities’ around the world are rapidly becoming the scene for deprivation, especially in the global South, and the urban excluded face the brunt of what in many cases seems like low-intensity warfare. Featuring case studies from across the globe, including Latin America, the Middle East and Africa, Megacities examines ...
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Megacities: The Politics of Urban Exclusion and Violence in the Global South

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Overview

For the first time in history, the majority of the world’s population lives in cities, the result of a rapid process of urbanization that started in the second half of the twentieth century. ‘Megacities’ around the world are rapidly becoming the scene for deprivation, especially in the global South, and the urban excluded face the brunt of what in many cases seems like low-intensity warfare. Featuring case studies from across the globe, including Latin America, the Middle East and Africa, Megacities examines recent worldwide trends in poverty and social exclusion, urban violence and politics, and links these to the challenges faced by policy-makers and practitioners.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781848137318
  • Publisher: Zed Books
  • Publication date: 4/4/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Kees Koonings is Associate Professor of Development Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences at Utrecht University. Dirk Kruijt is Professor of Development Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences at Utrecht University.

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Table of Contents

Figures and tables vi

Acknowledgements vii

About the authors viii

Introduction Kees Koonings Dirk Kruijt 1

1 The rise of megacities and the urbanization of informality, exclusion and violence Dirk Kruijt Kees Koonings 8

1 The social dynamics of exclusion and violence in megacities

2 From popular movements to drug gangs to militias: an anatomy of violence in Rio de Janeiro Robert Gay 29

3 Megacity's violence and its consequences in Rio de Janeiro Janice Perlman 52

4 Coping with urban violence: state and community responses to crime and insecurity in Guayaquil, Ecuador Caroline Moser 69

5 Middle Eastern megacities: social exclusion, popular movements and the quiet encroachment of the urban poor Asef Bayat 82

2 Political and policy dimensions of urban exclusion and violence

6 Urban governance and the paradox of conflict Jo Beall 107

7 Shoot the citizen, save the customer: participatory budgeting and bare citizenship in Porto Alegre, Brazil Sérgio Baierle 120

8 Crisis of the state, violence in the city Mariano Aguirre 141

9 Urban exclusion and the (false) assumptions of spatial policy reform in South Africa Susan Parnell Owen Crankshaw 153

Conclusion: governing exclusion and violence in megacities Kees Koonings Dirk Kruijt 171

Bibliography 178

Index 195

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