Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment / Edition 1

Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment / Edition 1

by Water Environment Federation
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0071464190

ISBN-13: 9780071464192

Pub. Date: 09/30/2005

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

Membrane processes are a fast-growing wastewater treatment option. Written by key experts in the wastewater industry, this reference provides the most current membrane information available — covering processes, equipment configurations, operation, routine monitoring, maintenance, and troubleshooting — and includes questions and quizzes for classroom use

Overview

Membrane processes are a fast-growing wastewater treatment option. Written by key experts in the wastewater industry, this reference provides the most current membrane information available — covering processes, equipment configurations, operation, routine monitoring, maintenance, and troubleshooting — and includes questions and quizzes for classroom use and training.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071464192
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
09/30/2005
Pages:
284
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tablesxv
List of Figuresxvii
Prefacexxi
Chapter 1Introduction
History of Membrane Treatment for Wastewater2
Current Trends in Membrane Applications for Wastewater Treatment3
Wastewater Reclamation5
Reuse Regulations and Technologies7
Membrane Applications10
Chapter 2Membrane Equipment and System Overview
Introduction16
Membrane Operational Terminology16
Membrane Classifications18
Terminology for Membrane System Components19
Membrane Materials and Configurations23
Membrane System Configurations and Components34
Pretreatment Requirements37
Flow Equalization37
Fine Screening37
Grit Removal39
Fats, Oils, and Grease Removal39
Membrane System Equipment Components40
General Membrane Operations and Maintenance Procedures41
Clean-In-Place System43
Monitoring Systems44
Typical Instrumentation and Controls48
Transmembrane Pressure Alarms48
Backwash49
Posttreatment Systems53
Chapter 3Membrane Bioreactors
Introduction58
Applications59
Water Quality62
Treatment Mechanism64
Equipment Manufacturers65
Process Configurations66
Pretreatment Requirements66
Biological Treatment67
Membrane Separation73
Cleaning and Chemical Feed Systems74
Posttreatment75
Residuals Disposal75
Equipment Configurations76
Membrane Bioreactor Facility Components76
Bioreactor Equipment76
Membrane Filtration Equipment80
Instrumentation and Controls87
Operation89
Pretreatment89
Biological Process Operation89
Membrane Filtration-Modes of Operation92
Membrane Aeration95
Alarms and Trends95
Operational Changes as a Result of Events and Seasonal Changes96
Capacity Management96
Optimization96
Routine Monitoring97
Pretreatment97
Biological Treatment97
Membrane Systems99
Maintenance101
Cleaning101
Membrane Integrity106
Instrument Calibration108
Troubleshooting109
Chapter 4Low-Pressure Membranes for Effluent Filtration
Introduction115
Applications115
Feed Water Quality116
Filtrate Water Quality117
Treatment Mechanism118
Safety120
Process Configurations120
Pretreatment121
Membrane System123
Chemical Storage and Feed Systems124
Posttreatment124
Residuals Handling125
Equipment Configurations126
Pretreatment Components126
Membrane Equipment Components128
Operation128
Pretreatment129
Automated Systems131
Productivity Management133
Routine Monitoring137
Pretreatment System137
Membrane System138
Test Parameters138
Data Analysis and Reporting139
Maintenance140
Chemical Cleanings141
Integrity Testing141
Tank Washing and Cleaning142
Instrument Calibration144
Troubleshooting145
Chapter 5Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis for Advanced Posttreatment
Introduction149
Applications149
Water Quality150
Treatment Mechanism151
Equipment Manufacturers152
Safety152
Process Configurations152
Pretreatment153
Membrane Treatment158
Chemical Cleaning Systems159
Posttreatment Facilities159
Concentrate Disposal160
Equipment Configurations161
Membrane Process Equipment Components162
Typical Instrumentation and Controls164
Operation164
Pretreatment Chemistry165
Fouling165
Instrumentation and Controls167
Event-Driven Systems168
Capacity Management170
Process Optimization171
Routine Monitoring172
Feed Water172
Membrane System174
Data Interpretation and Reporting175
Maintenance177
Chemical Cleanings177
Integrity Testing178
Instrument Calibration180
Troubleshooting181
Chapter 6Membrane System Case Studies
Introduction185
Case Study No. 1Running Springs Water Recycling Plant186
Background186
Process Overview188
Plant Data and Design Summary190
Highlights191
Case Study No. 2The Hamptons Water Recycling Facility193
Background193
Process Overview193
Plant Data and Design Summary196
Highlights197
Case Study No. 3Traverse City Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant198
Background198
Process Overview200
Plant Data and Design Summary202
Highlights202
Case Study No. 4Key Colony Water Reuse Plant202
Background203
Process Overview205
Plant Data and Design Summary207
Highlights207
Case Study No. 5West Basin Water Recycling Plant208
Background208
Process Overview209
Plant Data and Design Summary212
Highlights212
Case Study No. 6Chandler, Arizona, Reverse-Osmosis Facility Wastewater Reclamation Plant214
Background214
Process Overview216
Plant Data and Design Summary218
Highlights220
Case Study No. 7Scottsdale Water Campus222
Background222
Process Overview222
Plant Data226
Highlights227
Glossary229
Appendix IRelated Equations241
Appendix IIReferences and Resources251
Index261

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