Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment / Edition 1

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Overview

MEMBRANE SYSTEMS FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT

This expansive guide provides up-to-date information on membrane applications for wastewater treatment. Written by key experts in wastewater treatment and membrane system applications, the text grounds readers in theory and supplies in-depth coverage of practice. The book focuses on achieving higher standards of water quality and provides comprehensive coverage of all types of systems and phases of operation, from system and equipment configurations to routine monitoring, maintenance, and troubleshooting.

For wastewater professionals striving to meet more-stringent treatment requirements, this manual is an invaluable asset.

Up-To-Date Technologies for Tougher Standards

  • Covers all applications of membrane systems for wastewater treatment
  • Water reuse, potability, and upgraded environmental protection standards
  • Meeting BNR (biological nutrient removal) requirements
  • Configuration of equipment and processes
  • Process control parameters
  • Sampling, analysis, and monitoring recommendations
  • Troubleshooting guides to all processes
  • Ongoing management of operations and equipment maintenance

INSIDE:

Membrane Technology Overview
• Membrane Bioreactors
• Low-Pressure Membranes for Effluent Filtration
• Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis for Advanced Post-Treatment
• Membrane System Applications

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

THE WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION is a technical and educational organization with members from varied disciplines who work toward the WEF's vision of preservation and enhancement of the global water environment. The WEF network includes water quality professionals from 79 member associations in 30 countries. Its headquarters is in Alexandria, Virginia.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780071464192
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
  • Publication date: 9/30/2005
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 284
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Meet the Author

THE WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION is a technical and educational organization with members from varied disciplines who work toward the WEF's vision of preservation and enhancement of the global water environment. The WEF network includes water quality professionals from 79 member associations in 30 countries. Its headquarters is in Alexandria, Virginia.

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Table of Contents

List of Tables
List of Figures
Preface
Chapter 1 Introduction
History of Membrane Treatment for Wastewater 2
Current Trends in Membrane Applications for Wastewater Treatment 3
Wastewater Reclamation 5
Reuse Regulations and Technologies 7
Membrane Applications 10
Chapter 2 Membrane Equipment and System Overview
Introduction 16
Membrane Operational Terminology 16
Membrane Classifications 18
Terminology for Membrane System Components 19
Membrane Materials and Configurations 23
Membrane System Configurations and Components 34
Pretreatment Requirements 37
Flow Equalization 37
Fine Screening 37
Grit Removal 39
Fats, Oils, and Grease Removal 39
Membrane System Equipment Components 40
General Membrane Operations and Maintenance Procedures 41
Clean-In-Place System 43
Monitoring Systems 44
Typical Instrumentation and Controls 48
Transmembrane Pressure Alarms 48
Backwash 49
Posttreatment Systems 53
Chapter 3 Membrane Bioreactors
Introduction 58
Applications 59
Water Quality 62
Treatment Mechanism 64
Equipment Manufacturers 65
Process Configurations 66
Pretreatment Requirements 66
Biological Treatment 67
Membrane Separation 73
Cleaning and Chemical Feed Systems 74
Posttreatment 75
Residuals Disposal 75
Equipment Configurations 76
Membrane Bioreactor Facility Components 76
Bioreactor Equipment 76
Membrane Filtration Equipment 80
Instrumentation and Controls 87
Operation 89
Pretreatment 89
Biological Process Operation 89
Membrane Filtration-Modes of Operation 92
Membrane Aeration 95
Alarms and Trends 95
Operational Changes as a Result of Events and Seasonal Changes 96
Capacity Management 96
Optimization 96
Routine Monitoring 97
Pretreatment 97
Biological Treatment 97
Membrane Systems 99
Maintenance 101
Cleaning 101
Membrane Integrity 106
Instrument Calibration 108
Troubleshooting 109
Chapter 4 Low-Pressure Membranes for Effluent Filtration
Introduction 115
Applications 115
Feed Water Quality 116
Filtrate Water Quality 117
Treatment Mechanism 118
Safety 120
Process Configurations 120
Pretreatment 121
Membrane System 123
Chemical Storage and Feed Systems 124
Posttreatment 124
Residuals Handling 125
Equipment Configurations 126
Pretreatment Components 126
Membrane Equipment Components 128
Operation 128
Pretreatment 129
Automated Systems 131
Productivity Management 133
Routine Monitoring 137
Pretreatment System 137
Membrane System 138
Test Parameters 138
Data Analysis and Reporting 139
Maintenance 140
Chemical Cleanings 141
Integrity Testing 141
Tank Washing and Cleaning 142
Instrument Calibration 144
Troubleshooting 145
Chapter 5 Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis for Advanced Posttreatment
Introduction 149
Applications 149
Water Quality 150
Treatment Mechanism 151
Equipment Manufacturers 152
Safety 152
Process Configurations 152
Pretreatment 153
Membrane Treatment 158
Chemical Cleaning Systems 159
Posttreatment Facilities 159
Concentrate Disposal 160
Equipment Configurations 161
Membrane Process Equipment Components 162
Typical Instrumentation and Controls 164
Operation 164
Pretreatment Chemistry 165
Fouling 165
Instrumentation and Controls 167
Event-Driven Systems 168
Capacity Management 170
Process Optimization 171
Routine Monitoring 172
Feed Water 172
Membrane System 174
Data Interpretation and Reporting 175
Maintenance 177
Chemical Cleanings 177
Integrity Testing 178
Instrument Calibration 180
Troubleshooting 181
Chapter 6 Membrane System Case Studies
Introduction 185
Case Study No. 1 Running Springs Water Recycling Plant 186
Background 186
Process Overview 188
Plant Data and Design Summary 190
Highlights 191
Case Study No. 2 The Hamptons Water Recycling Facility 193
Background 193
Process Overview 193
Plant Data and Design Summary 196
Highlights 197
Case Study No. 3 Traverse City Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant 198
Background 198
Process Overview 200
Plant Data and Design Summary 202
Highlights 202
Case Study No. 4 Key Colony Water Reuse Plant 202
Background 203
Process Overview 205
Plant Data and Design Summary 207
Highlights 207
Case Study No. 5 West Basin Water Recycling Plant 208
Background 208
Process Overview 209
Plant Data and Design Summary 212
Highlights 212
Case Study No. 6 Chandler, Arizona, Reverse-Osmosis Facility Wastewater Reclamation Plant 214
Background 214
Process Overview 216
Plant Data and Design Summary 218
Highlights 220
Case Study No. 7 Scottsdale Water Campus 222
Background 222
Process Overview 222
Plant Data 226
Highlights 227
Glossary 229
Appendix I Related Equations 241
Appendix II References and Resources 251
Index 261
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