Memory In Autism: Theory and Evidence

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Overview

Many people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are remarkably proficient at remembering how things look and sound, even years after an event. They are also good at rote learning and establishing habits and routines. Some even have encyclopaedic memories. However, all individuals with ASD have difficulty in recalling personal memories and reliving experiences, and less able people may have additional difficulty in memorising facts. This book assembles research on memory in autism to examine why this happens and the effects it has on people's lives. The contributors utilise advances in the understanding of normal memory systems and their breakdown as frameworks for analysing the neuropsychology and neurobiology of memory in autism. The unique patterning of memory functions across the spectrum illuminates difficulties with sense of self, emotion processing, mental time travel, language and learning, providing a window into the nature and causes of autism itself.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...one of this book's contribution—an unusual essay, co-authored by an individual with autism, that raises the ethical issues of equating difference with deficiency-will interest a broad audience..."
—K. M. Dillon, emerita, Western New England College, CHOICE
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521862882
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 7/7/2008
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Jill Boucher is Professor of Psychology in the Autism Research Group in the Department of Psychology at City University, London.

Dermot Bowler is Professor of Psychology and Director of the Autism Research Group in the Department of Psychology at City University, London.

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Table of Contents

List of tables

List of figures

Preface Peter Hobson Hobson, Peter Beate Hermelin Hermelin, Beate

1 Concepts and theories of memory John M. . Gardiner Gardiner, John M. .

2 Temporal lobe structures and memory in nonhuman primates: implications for autism Jocelyne Bachevalier Bachevalier, Jocelyne

3 Acquired memory disorders in adults: implications for autism Andrew Mayes Mayes, Andrew Jill Boucher Boucher, Jill

4 A comparison of memory profiles in relation to neuropathology in autism, developmental amnesia and children born prematurely Claire H. Salmond Salmond, Claire H. Anna-Lynne R. Adlam Adlam, Anna-Lynne R. David G. Gadian Gadian, David G. Faraneh Vargha -KHADEM -KHADEM, Faraneh Vargha

5 Possible parallels between memory and emotion processing in autism : a neuropsychological perspective Yifat Faran Faran, Yifat Dorit Ben Shalom Shalom, Dorit Ben

6 Dysfunction and hyperfunction of the hippocampus in autism? G. . Robert De Long De Long, G. . Robert

7 Memory within a complex information processing model of autism Diane L. Williams Williams, Diane L. Nancy J. . Minshew Minshew, Nancy J. . Gerald Goldstein Goldstein, Gerald

8 Episodic memory, semantic memory and self-awareness in high-functioning autism Motomi Toichi Toichi, Motomi

9 Episodic memory and autonoetic consciousness in autistic spectrum disorders: the roles of selfawareness, representational abilities and temporal cognition Sophie Lind Lind, Sophie Dermot Bowler Bowler, Dermot

10 Impairments in social memory in autism? Evidence from behaviour and neuroimaging Sara Jane Webb Webb, Sara Jane

11 Memory characteristics in individuals with savant skills Linda Pring Pring, Linda

12 Workingmemory and immediate memory in autism spectrum disorders Marie Poirier Poirier, Marie Jonathan S. Martin Martin, Jonathan S.

13 Rehearsal and directed forgetting in adults with Asperger syndrome Brenda J. Smith Smith, Brenda J. John M. Gardiner Gardiner, John M.

14 Memory, language and intellectual ability in low-functioning autism Jill Boucher Boucher, Jill Andrew Mayes Mayes, Andrew Sally Bigham Bigham, Sally

15 Practical implications of memory characteristics in autistic spectrum disorders Rita R. Jordan Jordan, Rita R.

16 A different memory: are distinctions drawn from the study of nonautistic memory appropriate to describe memory in autism? Laurent Mottron Mottron, Laurent Michelle Dawson Dawson, Michelle Isabelle Soulieres Soulieres, Isabelle

17 Memory in ASD: enduring themes and future prospects Dermot M. Bowler Bowler, Dermot M. Sebastian B. Gaigg Gaigg, Sebastian B.

Index

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