Mental Retardation in America: A Historical Reader / Edition 1

Mental Retardation in America: A Historical Reader / Edition 1

by Steven Noll, James Trent
     
 

ISBN-10: 0814782485

ISBN-13: 9780814782484

Pub. Date: 02/01/2004

Publisher: New York University Press

The expressions "idiot, you idiot, you're an idiot, don't be an idiot," and the like are generally interpreted as momentary insults. But, they are also expressions that represent an old, if unstable, history. Beginning with an examination of the early nineteenth century labeling of mental retardation as "idiocy," to what we call developmental, intellectual, or

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Overview

The expressions "idiot, you idiot, you're an idiot, don't be an idiot," and the like are generally interpreted as momentary insults. But, they are also expressions that represent an old, if unstable, history. Beginning with an examination of the early nineteenth century labeling of mental retardation as "idiocy," to what we call developmental, intellectual, or learning disabilities, Mental Retardation in America chronicles the history of mental retardation, its treatment and labeling, and its representations and ramifications within the changing economic, social, and political context of America.

Mental Retardation in America includes essays with a wide range of authors who approach the problems of retardation from many differing points of view. This work is divided into five sections, each following in chronological order the major changes in the treatment of people classified as retarded. Exploring historical issues, as well as current public policy concerns, Mental Retardation in America covers topics ranging from representations of the mentally disabled as social burdens and social menaces; Freudian inspired ideas of adjustment and adaptation; the relationship between community care and institutional treatment; historical events, such as the Buck v. Bell decision, which upheld the opinion on eugenic sterilization; the evolution of the disability rights movement; and the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814782484
Publisher:
New York University Press
Publication date:
02/01/2004
Series:
History of Disability Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
513
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Introduction1
Pt. IBefore the Asylum
A Selection from Report Made to the Legislature of Massachusetts (1848)23
A Thesis on Idiocy27
1The Legacy of the Almshouse40
2"Beside Her Sat Her Idiot Child": Families and Developmental Disability in Mid-Nineteenth-Century America65
Pt. IIDefining and Categorizing: Establishing "The Other"
Report of Committee on Classification of Feeble-Minded87
The New Classification (Tentative) of the Feeble-Minded: Editorial89
3Mongols in Our Midst: John Langdon Down and the Ethnic Classification of Idiocy, 1858-192492
4"Mongolian Imbecility": Race and Its Rejection in the Understanding of a Mental Disease120
5Rearing the Child Who Never Grew: Ideologies of Parenting and Intellectual Disability in American History130
6The Parable of The Kallikak Family: Explaining the Meaning of Heredity in 1912165
7Fictional Voices and Viewpoints for the Mentally Deficient, 1929-1939186
8Sexuality and Storytelling: Literary Representations of the "Feebleminded" in the Age of Sterilization207
Pt. IIIThe Age of Institutionalization and Sterilization
The Eugenical Sterilization of the Feeble-Minded225
9The Criminalization of Mental Retardation232
10The State and the Multiply Disadvantaged: The Case of Epilesy258
11The "Sociological Advantages" of Sterilization: Fiscal Policies and Feeble-Minded Women in Interwar Minnesota281
Pt. IVFrom Top and Bottom: Parents and the State in the Mid-Twentieth Century
Hope for Retarded Children303
12"Mental Deficients" Fighting Fascism: The Unplanned Normalization of World War II308
13Education for Children with Mental Retardation: Parent Activism, Public Policy, and Family Ideology in the 1950s322
14"Nice, Average Americans": Postwar Parents' Groups and the Defense of the Normal Family351
15Formal Health Care at the Community Level: The Child Development Clinics of the 1950s and 1960s371
16A Pivotal Place in Special Education Policy: The First Arkansas Children's Colony384
Pt. VThe Promise and Problems of Community Placement: Back to a Beginning?
U.S. Supreme Court Decision on Capital Punishment and Mental Retardation (2002)413
17Historical Social Geography420
18The Litigator as Reformer445
19No Profits, Just a Pittance: Work, Compensation, and People Defined as Mentally Disabled in Ontario, 1964-1990466
20Family Values494
About the Contributors501
Index505

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