Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling / Edition 2

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling / Edition 2

by Roger A. Pielke, Roger Pielke
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0125547668

ISBN-13: 9780125547666

Pub. Date: 11/01/2001

Publisher: Elsevier Science

The second edition of Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling provides an update of the field of mesoscale atmospheric modeling. The topic of mesoscale modeling is developed from basic concepts in atmospheric physics.


New numerical and analytical tools are introduced. Problem sets are provided to test the comprehension of the material introduced in the

Overview

The second edition of Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling provides an update of the field of mesoscale atmospheric modeling. The topic of mesoscale modeling is developed from basic concepts in atmospheric physics.


New numerical and analytical tools are introduced. Problem sets are provided to test the comprehension of the material introduced in the text. The appendix provides summaries as of early 2001 of the framework and applications of a suite of mesoscale models.


To effectively utilize mesoscale dynamical simulations of the atmosphere, it is necessary to have an understanding of the basic physical and mathematical foundations of the models and to have an appreciation of how a particular atmospheric system works. Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling provides such an overview of mesoscale numerical modeling.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780125547666
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
11/01/2001
Series:
International Geophysics Series, #78
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
694
Product dimensions:
1.69(w) x 6.00(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Preface to Second Editionxiii
Forewordxv
1.Introduction1
2.Basic Set of Equations3
2.1Conservation of Mass3
2.2Conservation of Heat5
2.3Conservation of Motion13
2.4Conservation of Water17
2.5Conservation of Other Gaseous and Aerosol Materials18
2.6Summary18
3.Simplification of the Basic Equations22
3.1Conservation of Mass22
3.2Conservation of Motion29
3.3Conservation of Motion29
3.4Conservation of Water and Other Gaseous and Aerosol Contaminants39
4.Averaging the Conservation Relations41
4.1Definition of Averages41
4.2Vorticity Equation49
4.3Diagnostic Equation for Nonhydrostatic Pressure51
4.4Scaled Pressure Form53
4.5Summary55
5.Physical and Analytic Modeling58
5.1Physical Models59
5.2Linear Models65
5.3Long's Analytic Solution to Nonlinear Momentum Flow112
6.Coordinate Transformations122
6.1Tensor Analysis122
6.2Generalized Vertical Coordinate130
6.3The Sigma-z Coordinate System138
6.4Derivation of Drainage Flow Equations Using Two Different Coordinate Representations153
6.5Summary158
6.6Application of Terrain-Following Coordinate Systems160
7.Parameterization-Averaged Subgrid-Scale Fluxes164
7.1Basic Terms166
7.2Surface-Layer Parameterization172
7.3Planetary Boundary-Layer Parameterization185
7.4Heterogenous Boundary Layers202
8.Averaged Radiation Flux Divergence210
8.1Introduction210
8.2Basic Concepts210
8.3Longwave Radiative Flux214
8.4Shortwave Radiative Flux233
8.5Examples of Parameterizations and level of Complexity247
9.Parameterization of Moist Thermodynamic Processes251
9.1Introduction251
9.2Parameterization of the Influences of Phase Changes of Water in a Convectively Stable Atmosphere ([partial differential theta subscript E]/[partial differential subscript z] > 0253
9.3Parameterization of the Influences of Phase Changes of Water in a Convectively Unstable Atmosphere ([partial differential theta subscript E]/[partial differnetial subscript z] [less than or equal] 0)261
9.4Examples of Parameterizations and Level of Complexity273
10.Methods of Solution281
10.1Finite Difference Schemes--An Introduction282
10.2Upstream Interpolation Schemes--An Introduction316
10.3Diagnostic Equations326
10.4Time Splitting329
10.5Nonlinear Effects330
10.6Summary342
11.Boundary and Initial Conditions347
11.1Grid and Domain Structure347
11.2Initialization364
11.3Spatial Boundary Conditions379
12.Model Evaluation442
12.1Evaluation Criteria442
12.2Comparison with Analytic Theory443
12.3Comparison with Other Numerical Models445
12.4Comparison Against Different Model Formulations446
12.5Calculation of Model Budgets454
12.6Comparison with Observations462
12.7Model Sensitivity Analyses469
13.Examples of Mesoscale Models472
13.1Terrain-Induced Mesoscale Systems473
13.2Synoptically-Induced Mesoscale Systems514
Appendix AThe Solution of Eqs. (10-28) and (10-47)531
Appendix BModel Summaries534
Appendix CSummary of Several Cumulus Cloud Parameterization Schemes550
Appendix DBATS, LAPS, and LEAF Comparison Tables556
Appendix ESummary of Datasets (2000)570
References571
Index661
List of Volumes in the Series673

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