Mestizaje Upside-Down: Aesthetic Politics in Modern Bolivia

Mestizaje Upside-Down: Aesthetic Politics in Modern Bolivia

by Javier Sanjines C
     
 

ISBN-10: 0822942275

ISBN-13: 9780822942276

Pub. Date: 03/28/2004

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

Mestizajethe process of cultural, ethnic, and racial mixing of Spanish and indigenous peoples—has been central to the creation of modern national identity in Bolivia and much of Latin America. Though it originally carried negative connotations, by the early twentieth century it had come to symbolize a national unity that transcended racial

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Overview

Mestizajethe process of cultural, ethnic, and racial mixing of Spanish and indigenous peoples—has been central to the creation of modern national identity in Bolivia and much of Latin America. Though it originally carried negative connotations, by the early twentieth century it had come to symbolize a national unity that transcended racial divides.

Javier Sanjinés C. contends that mestizaje, rather than a merging of equals, represents a fundamentally Western perspective that excludes indigenous ways of viewing the world. In this sophisticated study he reveals how modernity in Bolivia has depended on a perception, forged during the colonial era, that local cultures need to be uplifted.

Sanjinés traces the rise of mestizaje as a defining feature of Bolivian modernism through the political struggles and upheavals of the twentieth century. He then turns this concept upside-down by revealing how the dominant discussion of mestizaje has been resisted and transformed by indigenous thinkers and activists. Rather than focusing solely on political events, Sanjinés grounds his argument in an examination of fiction, political essays, journalism, and visual art, offering a unique and masterly overview of Bolivian culture, identity, and politics.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822942276
Publisher:
University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date:
03/28/2004
Series:
Illuminations Ser.
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction : modernity from within and without : observing power with both eyes1
Ch. 1Solving the Indian problem : the genealogy of autochthonous discourse32
Ch. 2Aestheticizing politics : vision, discipline, and allegorical dissent66
Ch. 3Politicizing art, demystifying Mestizaje107
Ch. 4Indianizing the Q'ara : Mestizaje turned upside down149
Notes191
Bibliography209
Index218

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