Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology / Edition 1

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Overview


A complete and self-contained introduction to metaphysics, this anthology provides an extensive and varied collection of fifty-four of the best classical and contemporary readings on the subject. The readings are organized into ten sections: God, idealism and realism, being, universals and particulars, necessity and contingency, causation, space and time, identity, mind and body, and freewill and determinism. It features a substantial general introduction and detailed section introductions that set the selections in context and guide readers through them. Discussion questions and detailed guides to further reading are also included.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199261970
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 3/4/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 792
  • Sales rank: 293,245
  • Product dimensions: 9.70 (w) x 6.50 (h) x 1.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Tim Crane has taught philosophy at University College London since 1990. He took his PhD at the University of Cambridge in 1989. Katalin Farkas graduated in mathematics and philosophy from the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, and she took her PhD in philosophy from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1998.

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Table of Contents

Each Part opens with an Introduction and ends with Study Questions and Further Reading.
List of Boxes
Notes on Contributors
Part I. God
1. Why Anything? Why This?, Derek Parfit
2. The Five Ways, Thomas Aquinas
3. Selection from Natural Theology, William Paley
4. Selection from Proslogion, Anselm of Canterbury
5. Selection from Monadology, G.W. Leibniz
6. Evil and Omnipotence, J.L. Mackie
Part II. Realism and Idealism
7. Selection from Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke
8. Selection from Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous, George Berkeley
9. Selection from Critique of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant
10. Selection from Matter and Sense, Howard Robinson
11. Realism, Michael Dummett
Part III. Being
12. Selection from Categories, Aristotle
13. Selection from Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke
14. Primitive Thisness and Primitive Identity, Robert M. Adams
15. On What There Is, W.V. Quine
16. Selection from Material Beings, Peter van Inwagen
17. Can There Be Vague Objects?, Gareth Evans
18. Vague Identity: Evans Misunderstood, David Lewis
Part IV. Universals and Particulars
19. Selections from Parmenides and Republic, Plato
20. Selection from Universals: An Opinionated Introduction, D.M. Armstrong
21. Selection from New Work for a Theory of Universals, David Lewis
22. On the Elements of Being: I, Donald C. Williams
23. Causality and Properties, Sydney Shoemaker
Part V. Necessity
24. Selection from Naming and Necessity, Saul Kripke
25. Selection from On the Plurality of Worlds, David Lewis
26. Actualism and Possible Worlds, Alvin Plantinga
27. Selection from A Combinatorial Theory of Possibility, D.M. Armstrong
Part VI. Causation
28. Selection from Metaphysics, Aristotle
29. Selection from Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume
30. Causation, David Lewis
31. Causal Relations, Donald Davidson
32. Selections from The Facts of Causation, D.H. Mellor
Part VII. Time and Space
33. Selection from Physics, Aristotle
34. Selection from The Nature of Existence, J.M.E McTaggart
35. Changes in Events and Changes in Things, Arthur N. Prior
36. Selection from Asymmetries in Time, Paul Horwich
37. Selection from the Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence
38. The Space-Time World, J.J.C. Smart
39. The Paradoxes of Time Travel, David Lewis
Part VIII. Identity
40. Identity through Time, Roderick M. Chisholm
41. Selection from On the Plurality of Worlds, David Lewis
42. Personal Identity, Derek Parfit
43. Persons, Animals, and Ourselves, P.F. Snowdon
Part IX. Mind and Body
44. Selection from Meditations on First Philosophy, René Descartes
45. Selection from New System of the Nature of Substances, G.W. Leibniz
46. Selections from Thought, Gilbert Harman
47. Psychophysical and Theoretical Identifications, David Lewis
48. Selection from Thinking Causes, Donald Davidson
49. What Is It Like to Be a Bat?, Thomas Nagel
X. Freedom and Determinism
50. Selection from Treatise of Human Nature, David Hume
51. Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person, Harry Frankfurt
52. The Incompatibility of Freewill and Determinism, Peter van Inwagen
53. Selection from Freedom from Physics: Quantum Mechanics and Free Will, Barry Loewer
54. Human Freedom and the Self, Roderick M. Chisholm
References
Index

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