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METEOROLOGY TODAY has for many years been one of the most widely used and authoritative texts for the introductory meteorology course. Each edition is extensively reviewed by leading researchers in the field to ensure that the text remains completely up-to-date and reflects today's current understanding of meteorological concepts. Author Donald Ahrens has been widely praised for his ability to explain relatively complicated ideas so that even under-prepared students can understand them. The text's clear and inviting presentation is supplemented by numerous pedagogical features that help augment students' understanding. Introductory stories found at the beginning of each chapter draws students naturally into the discussion. In-chapter reviews then help students to consolidate their understanding as they read, while four types of end-of-chapter exercises provide opportunities for everything from further review to in-class discussion questions. Graphics are carefully designed and subsequently refined so that the key ideas clearly emerge. Many of the photos in the book are taken by the author and provide unmatched images of dramatic weather phenomena. A unique and popular feature over this title's seven editions has been the foldout cloud chart at the back of the book. A wealth of online resources accompanies METEOROLOGY TODAY, Seventh Edition, allowing professors to integrate striking and illuminative interactive weather exercises into their course. Many of the exercises on the BLUE SKIES CD-ROM packaged FREE with each new copy of the text are tied to downloadable real-time weather data, offering instructors an easy way to bring the exploration of current weather events into the course discussion.
1. THE EARTH AND ITS ATMOSPHERE. Overview of the Earth's Atmosphere. Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere. Weather and Climate. 2. ENERGY: WARMING THE EARTH AND THE ATMOSPHERE. Energy, Temperature, and Heat. Heat Transfer in the Atmosphere. Radiation. Balancing Act—Absorption, Emission, and Equilibrium. Incoming Solar Energy. 3. SEASONAL AND DAILY TEMPERATURES. Why the Earth Has Seasons. Local Seasonal Variations. Daily Temperature Variations. The Controls of Temperature. Air Temperature Data. Air Temperature and Human Comfort. Measuring Air Temperature. 4. LIGHT, COLOR, AND ATMOSPHERIC OPTICS. White and Colors. White Clouds and Scattered Light. Blue Skies and Hazy Days. Red Suns and Blue Moons. Twinkling, Twilight, and the Green Flash. The Mirage: Seeing Is Not Believing. Halos, Sundogs, and Sun Pillars. Rainbows. Coronas, Glories, and Heiligenschein. 5. ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE. Water in the Atmosphere. Absolute Humidity. Specific Humidity and Mixing Ratio. Vapor Pressure. Relative Humidity. 6. CONDENSATION: DEW, FOG, AND CLOUDS. The Formation of Dew and Frost. Condensation Nuclei. Haze. Fog. Foggy Weather. Clouds. 7. STABILITY AND CLOUD DEVELOPMENT. Atmospheric Stability. Determining Stability. Cloud Development. 8. PRECIPITATION. Precipitation Processes. Precipitation Types. Measuring Precipitation. 9. THE ATMOSPHERE IN MOTION: AIR PRESSURE, FORCES, AND WINDS. Atmospheric Pressure. Surface and Upper-Level Charts. Newton's Laws of Motion. Forces that Influence the Winds. Winds and Vertical Air Motions. 10. WIND: SMALL-SCALE AND LOCAL SYSTEMS. Small-Scale Winds Interacting with the Environment. Determining Wind Direction and Speed. Local Wind Systems. 11. WIND: GLOBAL SYSTEMS. General Circulation of the Atmosphere. Jet Streams. Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions. El Niño and the Southern Oscillation. Other Temperature Fluctuations and Climate Patterns. 12. AIR MASSES AND FRONTS. Air Masses. Fronts. 13. MIDDLE LATITUDE CYCLONES. Polar Front Theory. Where Do Mid-Latitude Cyclones Tend to Form? Vertical Structure of Deep Pressure Systems. Upper Level Waves and Surface Storms. The Necessary Ingredients for a Developing Wave Cyclone. Polar Lows. Vorticity, Divergence, and Developing Storm Systems. 14. WEATHER FORECASTING. Acquisition of Weather Information. Weather Forecasting Methods. Predicting the Weather from Local Signs. Weather Forecasting Using Surface Charts. A Meteorologist Makes a Prediction. 15. THUNDERSTORMS AND TORNADOES. Thunderstorms. Tornadoes. Severe Weather and Doppler Radar. Waterspouts. 16. HURRICANES. Tropical Weather. Anatomy of a Hurricane. Hurricane Formation and Dissipation. Naming Hurricanes. 17. AIR POLLUTION. A Brief History of Air Pollution. Types and Sources of Air Pollutants. Factors that Affect Air Pollution. Air Pollution and the Urban Environment. Acid Deposition. 18. GLOBAL CLIMATE. A World with Many Climates. Climatic Classification. The Global Pattern of Climate. 19. CLIMATE CHANGE. The Earth's Changing Climate. Possible Causes of Climatic Change. Global Warming. Appendix A. Units, Conversions, Abbreviations, and Equations. Appendix B. Weather Symbols and the Station Model. Appendix C. Beaufort Wind Scale. Appendix D. Humidity and Dew-Point Tables. Appendix E. Instant Weather Forecast Chart. Appendix F. Changing GMT and UTC to Local Time. Appendix G. Heat Index (HI) Table. Appendix H. Standard Atmosphere. Appendix I. Hurricane Tracking Chart. Appendix J. Adiabatic Chart. Appendix K. Köppen Climatic Classification System. Appendix L. Annual Global Pattern of Precipitation. Appendix M. Climatic Data for Cities Throughout the World.