Methane and Climate Change

Methane and Climate Change

by Dave Reay
     
 

Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas and is estimated to be responsible for approximately one-fifth of man-made global warming. Per kilogram, it is twenty-five times more powerful than carbon dioxide over a 100-year time horizon – and global warming is likely to enhance methane release from a number of sources. Current natural and man-made sources include

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Overview

Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas and is estimated to be responsible for approximately one-fifth of man-made global warming. Per kilogram, it is twenty-five times more powerful than carbon dioxide over a 100-year time horizon – and global warming is likely to enhance methane release from a number of sources. Current natural and man-made sources include many where methane-producing micro-organisms can thrive in anaerobic conditions, particularly ruminant livestock, rice cultivation, landfill, wastewater, wetlands and marine sediments.

This timely and authoritative book provides the only comprehensive and balanced overview of our current knowledge of sources of methane and how these might be controlled to limit future climate change. It describes how methane is derived from the anaerobic metabolism of micro-organisms, whether in wetlands or rice fields, manure, landfill or wastewater, or the digestive systems of cattle and other ruminant animals. It highlights how sources of methane might themselves be affected by climate change. It is shown how numerous point sources of methane have the potential to be more easily addressed than sources of carbon dioxide and therefore contribute significantly to climate change mitigation in the 21st century.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781844078233
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
07/28/2010
Edition description:
1
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Meet the Author

Dave Reay is a lecturer in Carbon Management in the School of Geosciences at the University of Edinburgh. He is author of Climate Change Begins at Home (Macmillan, 2005, shortlisted for Times Higher Young Academic Author of the Year, 2006) and of How to Save the Planet (Macmillan.) He runs the Greenhouse Gas Online web site, which has won several awards.

Pete Smith is the Royal Sciety-Wolfson Professor of Soils & Global Change, in the School of Biological Sciences at the University of Aberdeen. His main areas of expertise are in modelling greenhouse gas / carbon mitigation, bio-energy for fossil fuel offsets, and biological carbon sequestration.

Andre van Amstel is Assistant professor in the Dept. Environmental Sciences at Wageningen University, The Netherlands. He previously taught physical geography in Amsterdam. He worked at the Institute of Public Health and the Environment from 1991 to 1996 where he was responsible for the national greenhouse gas emissions inventories for the National Communication on Climate Policies from the Netherlands to the Climate Convention. In 2006 he was one of the coordinating lead authors for the volume on agriculture, forestry and land use of the IPCC Guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories.

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Table of Contents

1 Methane Sources and the Global Methane Budget Dave Reay Pete Smith André van Amstel 1

2 The Microbiology of Methanogenesis Alfons J. M. Stams Caroline M. Plugge 14

3 Wetlands Torben R. Christensen 27

4 Geological Methane Giuseppe Etiope 42

5 Termites David E. Bignell 62

6 Vegetation Andy McLeod Frank Keppler 74

7 Biomass Burning Joel S. Levine 97

8 Rice Cultivation Franz Conen Keith A. Smith Kazuyuki Yagi 115

9 Ruminants Francis M. Kelliher Harry Clark 136

10 Wastewater and Manure Miriam H. A. van Eekert Hendrik Jan van Dooren Marjo Lexmond Grietje Zeeman 151

11 Landfills Jean E. Bogner Kurt Spokas 175

12 Fossil Energy and Ventilation Air Methane Richard Mattus Åke Källstrand 201

13 Options for Methane Control André van Amstel 211

14 Summary André van Amstel Dave Reay Pete Smith 242

Contributors 247

Acronyms and abbreviations 250

Index 253

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