Methods in Medicine: A Descriptive Study of Physicians' Behaviour

Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989)
$99.00 price
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (3) from $91.93   
  • New (2) from $91.93   
  • Used (1) from $141.16   
Sending request ...

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789401069847
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.54 (d)

Table of Contents

I: Medical knowledge.- A historical view.- The concept of disease.- Taxonomy of diseases.- Medical data.- Reliability of data.- Data recording.- Diagnosis.- Prediction.- Treatment.- Summary.- II: Ways of reasoning.- Science and belief.- Methods in science.- Deductive reasoning.- Hypothetico-deductive reasoning.- Inductive reasoning.- Probabilistic reasoning.- Conditions for the valid application of the probability theory.- Logical implications of probability theory.- Summary.- III: Human thinking and problem-solving and their relationship to medicine.- Human cognition and the development of thought.- Problem-solving.- Thought processes.- The process of memory storage and recall.- The process of forgetting.- Problem-solving in complex tasks.- I. Restructure of the problem.- II. Limiting the information.- Studies of physicians’ thought processes.- The validity of inference.- What is a problem?.- What is a medical problem?.- Problem space and task environment.- Problem-solving processes.- The approach to problem-solving.- Studies of physicians’ problem-solving.- The validity of clinical judgements.- Summary.- IV: Clinical decision-making.- Historical background.- Towards a decision theory.- Some thoughts on utility theory.- Decision theory.- Bayes’ theorem.- Constraints on the rational decision maker.- Meeting the rational decision maker.- Artificial intelligence.- Alternative decision-making models.- Satisficing theory.- Incrementalism.- Garbage can model.- Conflict model.- Summary.- V: Models and methods.- Models in medical reasoning.- Styles of problem-solving and decision-making.- The models.- Deductive model.- Inductive model.- Hypotheses.- Subtypes of inductive reasoning.- Landmarks in the models.- Instruments.- The paper patient.- Case histories for the investigation.- Hypotheses and symptoms.- Hypotheses levels.- Observational methods.- Simulation procedure.- Summary.- VI: Results of the study.- The criteria for the strategies.- Deductive reasoning.- Inductive reasoning.- Pattern recognition.- Inductive-heuristic reasoning.- Inductive-algorithmic reasoning.- Relevancy and redundancy in information processing.- On hypotheses.- On symptoms and diagnoses.- Symptom clustering.- Decomposition procedure.- On questions, answers, and time.- Ratio effectiveness.- Content effectiveness.- Retrieval rate.- On probabilities and (un)certainties.- On patient management and therapy.- On diagnostic gradation.- On experience and consequences.- Summary.- VII: Reflections, conclusions, consequences.- The inductive method in medicine.- On the circular process.- On hypotheses.- On diagnoses.- On prognosis and treatment.- On learning and experience.- On medical research.- Closing remarks.- References.- Author index.
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)