Methods Toward a Science of Behavior and Experience / Edition 10

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Professor Ray's unique philosophy of science approach focuses on introducing you to the basics of science and the spirit that motivates many scientists, and helping you make the transition from outside observer of science to active participant. In meeting those goals, he has written a highly readable book that gives you a greater understanding of the techniques of science as well as the experience of doing science.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
This undergraduate textbook introduces the experimental methods for conducting behavioral research in psychology. It covers the reasoning behind hypotheses, inferential statistics, experimental control, factorial design, quasi-experimental designs, survey methods, and preparing a scientific article. The seventh edition reflects the latest edition of the APA guidelines. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
The textbook introduces techniques for doing behavioral research, focusing on the logic of testable hypotheses and the use of computer databases and major library references. The sixth edition adds discussion of the internet, and offers links to relevant research sites. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781111521158
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/31/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 294,376
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

William J. Ray is professor of psychology at Pennsylvania State University, where he was the director of the Clinical Training Program from 1991 to 1997. His research focus lies at the interface of clinical psychology and psychophysiology (particularly EEG), as related to anxiety, dissociation, emotionality, and motoric processes. Part of this work has been basic in nature, as reflected in trying to understand what basic psychophysiological measures can tell us, as well as how they can be applied. Current work in the lab focuses on anxiety, lapse of awareness, dissociation, and hypnosis, as well as the use of nonlinear dynamical techniques referred to as chaos. He has published extensively throughout his career, with well over 100 journal publications, presentations and scholarly text publications. He has reviewed for more than 30 journals and numerous government agencies. He was on the accreditation committee for the APA, including its executive board (1995-2000).
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Table of Contents

1. What is Science? 2. Introduction to the Methods of Science. 3. Developing the Hypothesis. 4. Ethics. 5. Description of Behavior Through Numerical Representation. 6. Inferential Statistics: Making Statistical Decisions. 7. Testing the Hypothesis: A Conceptual Introduction. 8. Control: The Keystone of the Experimental Method. 9. Applying the Logic of Experimentation: Between-Subjects Designs. 10. Extending the Logic of Experimentation: Within-Subjects and Matched-Subjects Approaches. 11. The Ecology of the Experiment: The Scientist and Research Participant In Relation To Their Environments. 12. Quasi-Experimental, Correlational, and Naturalistic Observational Designs. 13. Single-Subject Designs. 14. Questionnaires, Survey Research, and Sampling. 15. Sharing the Results. 16. Beyond Method. APPENDIX A: Guidelines for Nonbiased Language in Apa Journals. APPENDIX B: Printed Article. APPENDIX C: Article Manuscript. APPENDIX D: Tables.
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