Mexican American Voices: A Documentary Reader / Edition 2

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This short, comprehensive collection of primary documents provides an indispensable introduction to Mexican American history and culture.

  • Includes over 90 carefully chosen selections, with a succinct introduction and comprehensive headnotes that identify the major issues raised by the documents
  • Emphasizes key themes in US history, from immigration and geographical expansion to urbanization, industrialization, and civil rights struggles
  • Includes a 'visual history' chapter of images that supplement the documents, as well as an extensive bibliography
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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
"This excellent collection of primary sources illustrates virtuallyevery major theme relating to the history of the mushroomingMexican-origin communities in the United States. The updatedbibliography is superb."
Manuel G. Gonzales, Diablo Valley College

"Mintz breathes new life into the American narrative with acollection that integrates the Mexican American experience throughimaginative, expertly contextualized materials and valuable aidsfor further study."
Roberto Trevino, The University of Texas atArlington

"Mexican American Voices demonstrates that "mestizaje" isalive and well within the United States historical narrative. Thesincere deployment of the Mexican American voice will engagestudents and enhance the classroom experience."
Miguel A. Levario, Texas Tech University

". . . ideal for a student audience. Mintz illustrates thevaried sources scholars use to write history. An enlighteningintroduction places each chronological period in historicalcontext. The book revises the popular understanding that thehistory of the U.S. is one which moves from east to west. Mostimportant, it makes a statement on what constitutes MexicanAmerican history."
Arnoldo De Leon, Angelo State University

". . . an engaging and thorough documentary introduction to thelong fetch of Mexican American history. From the colonial expansionof the Spanish empire to the grassroots militancy of the Chicana/oMovement, Mintz equips students and teachers of the MexicanAmerican experience with the arsenal to explore its complicated andoften contradictory relationship to broader narratives of UnitedStates and continental history. . . . a welcome and importantresource."
Luis Alvarez, University of California, San Diego

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Steven Mintz is a member of the History Department and director of the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences Teaching Center at Columbia University.

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Table of Contents

Series Editors' Preface.



Chapter 1: The United States' Spanish Heritage.

1 Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Exploring New Spain'sNorthern Frontier, 1542.

2 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, The Spanish Borderlands,1540–42.

3 Don Antonio de Otermin, Resistance and Accommodation in NewMexico, 1680.

4 Captain F. W. Beechey, Missionary Activity in New Spain'sNorthern Frontier, 1831.

5 California's Mission System.

Pablo Tac, Life on a California Mission, 1835.

Eulalia Pérez, Duties of a Housekeeper, 1823.

6 Junípero Serra: Saint or Emissary of Empire?

Junípero Serra, The Importance of Laborers in the Missions,1775.

Junípero Serra, On the Lenient Treatment of Indians,1775.

7 Pedro Bautista Pino, Description of the Province of NewMexico, 1812.

Chapter 2: From Spanish to Mexican Rule.

1 James Josiah Webb, The Consequences of Mexican Independence,1844–7.

2 Miguel Ramos de Arizpe, Anglo-American Settlement in Texas,1812.

3 José María Sánchez, Mounting Mexican Fearsabout the Influx of Anglo-Americans into Texas, 1828.

4 A Member of the Tejano Elite Favors Anglo-American Immigrationinto Texas, 1830.

5 Narcisco Dúran, The Secularization of the CaliforniaMissions, 1833.

6 Guadalupe Vallejo, A Californio Condemns the Intrusion ofAnglo-Americans into California, 1890.

Chapter 3: From Mexican to Anglo Rule in Texas.

1 General Manuel de Mier y Terán, Mexican Concern

Deepens over the Influx of Anglo-Americans into Texas, 1828.

2 Slavery in Texas: Pro and Con.

Juan Nepomuceno Seguín, Promotion of the Expansion ofSlavery, 1825.

José María Tornel, Denunciation of the Expansion ofSlavery, 1837

3 Stephen F. Austin, Speech to Justify a War for Independence byTexas, 1836.

4 Juan Nepomuceno Seguín, A Tejano Leader Calls on Mexicansin Texas to Support the Texas Revolution, 1836.

5 The Battle of the Alamo.

Antonio López de Santa Anna, Perspective on the Battle ofthe Alamo, 1837.

Vicente Filisola, Perspective on Santa Anna's Strategy,1849.

6 Juan Nepomuceno Segun, The Fate of Tejanos, 1858.

7 Comisión Pesquisadora de la Frontera del Norte, A MexicanReport Describes the Mistreatment of Mexicans and Mexican Americansin Texas, 1873.

Chapter 4: The Mexican War.

1 Manifest Destiny.

John L. O'Sullivan Promotes His Idea of "Manifest Destiny,"1845.

José María Tomel y Mendívil Critiques "ManifestDestiny," 1837.

2 James Knox Polk, The War Commences, 1846.

3 Ramon Alcaraz, A Controversial War, 1850.

4 Juan Bautista Vigil y Alarid, Resistance, 1846.

5 The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Article IX, 1848.

Article X, 1848.

6 Mexico Debates the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Manuel Crescencio Rejon Denounces the Treaty of GuadalupeHidalgo, 1848.

Bernardo Couto Defends the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo,1848.

Chapter 5: Legacies of Conquest.

1 Hutchings' California Magazine, Land Loss in California,1857.

2 Antonio María Pico, A Loss of Land and Power, 1859.

3 Hispano Commercial Club of Las Vegas, Land Loss in New Mexico,1890.

4 New Mexico Statehood.

Harper's Weekly, Reaction to Senate Passage of a Statehood Billfor New Mexico, 1876.

New Mexico Constitution, 1912.

5 Resistance to Conquest.

Juan Nepomuceno Cortina, A Proclamation to the Inhabitants ofthe State of Texas, 1859.

Juan Nepomuceno Cortina Pledges Resistance to Intimidation andthe Seizure of Land, 1859.

6 El Corrido de Juan Cortina, Songs of Resistance and Pride, ca.Late Nineteenth Century.

7 Tiburcio Vásquez, Resistance in California, 1874.

8 John Rollin Ridge, Legend Making: An Account ofJoaquın Murieta, 1854.

Chapter 6: Visual History.

1 Norman H. Reed, The Mission, Santa Barbara, Cal., ca.1890.

2 William Redmond Ryan, Een Waterplaats in Neder Californie,1850.

3 Edward W. Clay, Houston, Santa Anna, and Cos, 1836.

4 Storming of Chapultepec in Mexico, Sept. 13th, 1847, ca.1848.

5 S. Lee Perkins, Things as They Are, 1849.

6 C.E.H. Bonwill, Cortina, 1864.

7 George Grantham Bain, Mexican Emigrating to U.S., NuevoLaredo, Mexico, ca. 1912.

8 Cinco de Mayo, Mogollon, N.M., ca. 1914.

9 Pearl Idelia Ellis, A Cooking Class of Mexican Girls,1929.

10 Dorothea Lange, Some of the Carrot Pickers in the CoachellaValley, 1937.

11 Russell Lee, Mexican Women Pecan Shellers at Work, UnionPlant, San Antonio, Texas, 1939.

12 Russell Lee, Interior of Mexican Home, San Antonio, Texas,1939.

13 New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper, Frank Tellez,Full-Length Portrait, Standing, Facing Right, Wearing Hat and ZootSuit, 1943.

14 Paul Davis and Richard Hess, Viva Chávez, Viva la Causa,Viva la Huelga, 1968.

Chapter 7: Aguantar: Enduring and Challenging Fate withBravery and Style.

1 Archbishop Lamy, Roman Catholic Church, 1866.

2 Las Vegas Daily Optic, The White Caps Spell Out TheirPosition, 1890.

3 Plan de San Diego, 1915.

4 LULAC, Community Institutions, 1929.

5 Governor C.C. Young's Fact-Finding Committee, Labor Activism,1930.

6 Frank C. McDonald, Conflict between Farm Workers and Growersin California, 1940.

Chapter 8: North from Mexico.

1 Samuel Bryan, Mexican Americans and Southwestern Growth,1912.

2 John Box, Immigration Restriction, 1928.

3 Ernesto Galarza, A Defense of Immigration from Mexico,1929.

4 Merton E. Hill, Americanization, 1931.

5 Mistreatment of Mexican Immigrants.

Antonio Gomez, Mexican Consulate, 1920.

Six Unknown Mexicans, Mexican Consulate, 1920.

6 Enrique Santibonez, Mistreatment of Mexican Immigrants by theBorder Patrol, 1930.

7 Mexican Consulate, Repatriados, 1932.

8 Carey McWilliams, A Denunciation of the Repatriation Program,1933.

9 President's Commission on Migratory Labor, the Bracero Programand Undocumented Workers, 1951.

10 A Migratory Farm Worker Testifies Before Congress, 1951.

11 George Stith, Operation Wetback, 1952.

12 Juanita Garcia, The Plight of Migrant Farm Workers, 1952.

Chapter 9: La Causa.

1 Delgado v. Bastrop, LULAC and the American GI Forum ChallengeSchool Segregation, 1948.

2 Citizens' Committee for the Defense of Mexican-American Youth,The Sleepy Lagoon Case, 1942.

3 Governor's Citizen's Committee Report on Los Angeles Riots,The Zoot Suit Riots, 1943.

4 Carlos E. Castañeda, Discrimination against MexicanAmericans in War Industries, 1945.

5 The Méndez Case: Brown v. Board of Education for MexicanAmericans, 1946.

6 The Felix Longoria Case: A Symbol of Discrimination, 1948.

7 American GI Forum of Texas and the Texas State Federation ofLabor, Recommendations on the Bracero Program, 1953.

8 Hernandez v. Texas, The Supreme Court Overturns the Exclusionof Mexican Americans from Juries, 1954.

Chapter 10: Chicanismo.

1 César Chávez, US Senate Testimony on Farm Workers'Unions, 1979.

2 Dolores Huerta, Proclamation of the Delano Grape Workers,1969.

3 Henry B. Gonzalez, A New Militancy, 1969.

4 José Angel Gutiérrez, The "Sleeping Giant" Awakes,1969.

5 Reies López Tijerina, Recovering Lost Lands, 1969.

6 Rúben Salazar, The National Chicano Moratorium, 1970.

7 Vilma S. Martínez, The Struggle Continues, 1975.

8 Mexican American Legal Defense Fund, Myths about Immigrants,2008.

9 San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez:Educational Inequality, 1973.

10 Plyer v. Doe: Assimilation, Separation, or a Third Way982.

11 MEChA, "El Plan de Santa Barbara," 1969.

Appendix I. Mexican Americans in American Popular Culture.

Appendix II. A Bibliography of Mexican American History.


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