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This judicious history of modern Mexico's revolutionary era will help all readers, and in particular students, understand the first great social uprising of the twentieth century. In 1911, land-hungry peasants united with discontented political elites to overthrow General Porfirio Díaz, who had ruled Mexico for three decades. Gonzales offers a path breaking overview of the revolution from its origins in the Díaz dictatorship through the presidency of radical General Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-1940) drawn from archival sources and a vast secondary literature.
His interpretation balances accounts of agrarian insurgencies, shifting revolutionary alliances, counter-revolutions, and foreign interventions to delineate the triumphs and failures of revolutionary leaders such as Francisco I. Madero, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, Alvaro Obregón, and Venestiano Carranza. What emerges is a clear understanding of the tangled events of the period and a fuller appreciation of the efforts of revolutionary presidents after 1916 to reinvent Mexico amid the limitations imposed by a war-torn countryside, a hostile international environment, and the resistance of the Catholic Church and large land-owners.
|List of Illustrations|
|1||General Porfirio Diaz and the Liberal Legacy||5|
|2||Crisis and Revolution||60|
|4||Northern Revolutionaries and the Fall of Huerta||112|
|6||Carranza in Power||160|
|7||Alvaro Obregon and the Reconstruction of Mexico||182|
|8||Plutarco Elias Calles and the Revolutionary State||203|
|9||Lazaro Cardenas and the Search for the Revolutionary Utopia, 1934-1940||221|