Mexico

Overview

From NAFTA to narcotics, from immigration to energy, the ties that bind our nation and Mexico are varied and strong. Mexico uncovers the real Mexico that lies behind the stereotypes of tacos, tequila, and tourist hotels. Compiled by leading scholars of Mexican history and society, its more than 150 entries examine the nation in all its fascinating contradictions and complexity. This concise yet thorough study, covering the last 100 years of Mexican history, is the only one volume, A–Z reference work available to ...

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Overview

From NAFTA to narcotics, from immigration to energy, the ties that bind our nation and Mexico are varied and strong. Mexico uncovers the real Mexico that lies behind the stereotypes of tacos, tequila, and tourist hotels. Compiled by leading scholars of Mexican history and society, its more than 150 entries examine the nation in all its fascinating contradictions and complexity. This concise yet thorough study, covering the last 100 years of Mexican history, is the only one volume, A–Z reference work available to students, scholars, and readers curious about one of the world's most diverse and dynamic societies.

What was the Mexican Revolution all about? Who are the Zapatistas? And why do Mexicans celebrate Cinco de Mayo? Mexicans are America's largest immigrant group and Mexico is America's favorite tourist destination. Yet we need to learn more and understand better our fascinating neighbor to the south. Mexico—comprehensive and accessible—is the best place to start.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"…best for undergraduates taking a survey course in Mexico or Latin America or high-school students taking similar courses. Public libraries may also find it useful."

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Booklist

"This compact resource supplies clearly written articles on the significant aspects of 20th-century Mexican society, culture, and history. … An extensive, detailed index provides extraordinary access to the articles… Recommended. General readers; undergraduates."

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Choice

"This book offers good general information and will be a valuable background information tool for high school and undergraduate libraries."

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American Reference Books Annual

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781576071328
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 9/22/2004
  • Pages: 648
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.38 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Twentieth-Century Mexico: An Overview xiii
Chronology of Key Events xxi
Maps xxv
Mexico: A to Z entries 1
A
Agrarian Reform/Land and Land Policy 1
Aguascalientes, Convention of 5
Aguascalientes (State) 8
Aleman, Miguel (1900-1983) 10
Anarchism 13
Anthropology and Archeology 15
Architecture 21
Art since 1950 27
Assassinations 31
Avila Camacho, Manuel (1897-1955) 34
B
Baja California Norte and Baja California Sur (States) 37
Banking and Finance 40
Boundary Conflicts 48
Bracero Program 49
C
Calles, Plutarco Elias (1877-1945) 53
Campeche (State) 55
Cantinflas (1911-1993) 57
Cardenas, Cuauhtemoc (1934-) 61
Cardenas, Lazaro (1895-1970) 64
Carranza, Venustiano (1859-1920) 68
Castellanos, Rosario (1925-1974) 70
Chavez, Cesar (1927-1993) 73
Chiapas (State) 75
Chicano/a 77
Chihuahua (State) 80
Cientificos 83
Cinema to 1930: The Silent Era 86
Cinema from 1930 to 1960: The Golden Age 88
Cinema after 1960: Contemporary Mexican Film 93
Classical Music 97
Coahuila (State) 100
Colima (State) 102
Comic Books 104
Communism in Mexico 106
Confederacion de Trabajadores de Mexico (CTM) 110
Confederacion Nacional Campesina (CNC) 114
Confederacion Regional Obrera Mexicana (CROM) 117
Constitution of 1917 121
Constitutionalists 124
Corruption 126
Cristero Rebellion 130
D
De la Huerta, Adolfo (1881-1955) 133
Debt, Mexico's Foreign 135
Democratization Process 137
Diaz, Porfirio (1830-1915) 140
Diaz Ordaz, Gustavo (1911-1979) 143
Drug Trafficking 145
Durango (State) 147
E
Echeverria Alvarez, Luis (1922-) 151
Economy 154
Education 159
Elections 164
Environmental Issues 166
F
Flores Magon, Ricardo (1873-1922) 173
Folk Art 176
Food 179
Foreign Policy 184
Fox, Vicente (1942-) 187
Fuentes, Carlos (1928-) 193
G
Gender and Sexuality 199
Government 204
Guanajuato (State) 207
Guerrero (State) 210
H
Hidalgo (State) 213
Holy Days and Holidays 215
Huerta, Victoriano (1845-1916) 220
I
Immigration/Emigration 223
Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI) 230
Intellectuals 233
J
Jalisco (State) 241
Juarez, Benito (1806-1872) 243
K
Kahlo, Frida (1907-1954) 249
Korean War 251
L
Labor Movements 253
Lacandon 258
League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) 260
Leon de la Barra, Francisco (1863-1939) 262
Lombardo Toledano, Vicente (1894-1968) 264
Lopez Mateos, Adolfo (1910-1969) 267
Lopez Portillo, Jose (1920-) 270
M
Madero, Francisco (1873-1913) 273
Madrid (Hurtado), Miguel de la (1934-) 276
Marcos, Subcomandante 279
Mestizaje and Indigenismo 283
Mexico (State) 287
Mexico City 289
Michoacan (State) 294
Militarism 297
Monsivais, Carlos (1938-) 301
Monterrey Group 305
Morelos (State) 307
Morones, Luis (1890-1964) 309
Morrow, Dwight (1873-1931) 312
Muralist Movement 315
Murillo, Gerardo "Dr. Atl" (1875-1964) 320
N
Nayarit (State) 323
Newspapers and Magazines 325
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) 328
Novel of the Revolution 331
Novel since 1960 335
Nuevo Leon (State) 344
O
Oaxaca (State) 347
Obregon, Alvaro (1880-1928) 349
Oil Industry 352
Orozco, Jose Clemente (1883-1949) 357
Orozco, Pascual (1882-1915) 360
Ortiz Rubio, Pascual (1877-1963) 363
P
Partido de Accion Nacional (PAN) 367
Partido Liberal Mexicano (PLM) 369
Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) 373
Paz, Octavio (1914-1998) 375
Pershing Expedition 378
Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) 381
Photography 385
Poetry 391
Poniatowska, Elena (1933-) 399
Popular Music 401
Portes Gil, Emilio (1890-1978) 406
Posada, Jose Guadalupe (1852-1913) 409
Presidents of the Twentieth Century 411
Puebla (State) 416
Q
Queretaro (State) 419
Quintana Roo (State) 421
R
Radio 425
Religion 429
Revolution of 1910 432
Rivera, Diego (1886-1957) 436
Rock and Roll 440
Rodriguez, Abelardo (1889-1967) 442
Ruiz, Bishop Samuel (1924-) 444
Ruiz Cortines, Adolfo (1890-1973) 447
Rulfo, Juan (1918-1986) 449
Rural Labor 452
Rurales 455
S
Salinas de Gortari, Carlos (1948-) 459
San Luis Potosi (State) 463
Sinaloa (State) 466
Siquieros, David Alfaro (1896-1974) 468
Soldaderas 472
Sonora (State) 474
Sports 477
T
Tabasco (State) 483
Tamaulipas (State) 485
Tamayo, Rufino (1899-1991) 488
Television 490
Theater 494
Tlatelolco Massacre 499
Tlaxcala (State) 502
Tourism 504
Transportation 507
U
United States, Relations with 511
Urbanization 514
V
Vasconcelos, Jose (1882-1959) 519
Velazquez Sanchez, Fidel (1900-1997) 523
Vera Cruz, Occupation of (1914) 526
Veracruz (State) 528
Villa, Francisco "Pancho" (1878-1923) 530
Virgin of Guadalupe 533
W
Women's Movement 537
World War II 539
Y
Yucatan (State) 543
Z
Zacatecas (State) 547
Zapata, Emiliano (1879-1919) 549
Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) 552
Zedillo Ponce de Leon, Ernesto (1951-) 554
Zimmermann Telegram 558
Bibliography 563
Index 569
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