Michel Foucault's Archaeology of Scientific Reason: Science and the History of Reason

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A comprehensive and detailed analyses of such important texts as The History of Madness in the Age of Reason, The Birth of the Clinic, The Order of Things, and The Archaeology of Knowledge are included in this introduction to Foucault.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Gutting knows [Foucault's works] well. He summarizes them with clarity and precision and makes some valuable criticisms. The book is also exceptional in its treatment of the cultural context of the earlier Foucault." David Revill, The Times Literary Supplement

"...Gary Gutting is the most likely to bring to historians of science a Foucault they will find comprehensible, if not uniformly congenial." Isis

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521366199
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 4/28/2004
  • Series: Modern European Philosophy Series
  • Pages: 324
  • Product dimensions: 5.43 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction 1
1 Bachelard and Canguilhem 9
Bachelard's philosophy of science 12
Reason and science 13
Bachelard's model of scientific change 14
The epistemological and metaphysical ramifications of Bachelard's model 22
Canguilhem's history of science 32
Canguilhem's conception of the history of science 32
Canguilhem's conception of norms 45
Foucault and the Bachelard-Canguilhem network 52
2 Madness and mental illness 55
Early writings on mental illness 55
Madness in the Classical Age 69
Mental illness and the asylum 87
The voice of madness 95
The history of madness: methods and results 100
3 Clinical medicine 111
Classical medicine 112
A new medical consciousness 115
The clinic as an institution 118
The linguistic structure of medical signs 120
The probabilistic structure of medical cases 122
Seeing and saying 124
Anatomo-clinical medicine 127
The birth of the clinic: methods and results 133
4 The order of things: I. From resemblance to representation 139
The Renaissance episteme 140
Classical order 146
Classical signs and language 148
Classical knowledge 155
General grammar 157
Natural history 162
Analysis of wealth 169
The common structure of the Classical domains 173
Critical reactions 175
5 The order of things: II. The rise and fall of man 181
The modern episteme 181
Philosophy 184
Modern empirical sciences 186
Language and modern thought 195
Man and the analytic of finitude 198
The human sciences 208
The order of things: methods and results 217
6 The archaeology of knowledge 227
The elements of archaeology 231
Statements 239
Archaeology and the history of ideas 244
Archaeology and the history of science 249
Discourse and the nondiscursive 256
Conclusion 260
7 Reason and philosophy 261
Archaeological method and Foucault's philosophical project 262
Is Foucault's critique of reason self-refuting? 272
Conclusion 287
Bibliography 289
Index 304
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