Microbial Degradation Processes in Radioactive Waste Repository and in Nuclear Fuel Storage Areas / Edition 1

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Overview

While the long-term storage of high-level wastes is just starting in some countries, low and medium-level wastes have been stored for several decades. Further, interim storage of spent fuel has been extended at many locations far beyond the intended time span. One of the priorities of this book is a discussion of the deleterious effects observed under these storage conditions, or under simulated storage condition tests. One chronic problem is the possibility that microbially influenced corrosion could be occurring in the wet storage of spent fuel, thereby initiating or accelerating corrosion. Another problem is the presence of biofilms which may be breaking down the structure of waste forms, thereby jeopardising their integrity.
The book is organised around four topics: policy matters, fundamental technical issues, microbial processes in the interim storage of spent nuclear fuel, and repository storage of spent fuel. Some of the data presented indicate that previous engineering conditions are changing or deteriorating at a different rate (faster or slower) than predicted. Fundamental issues include microbial biofilm development on matrices, microbial influenced corrosion, bioaccumulation of radionuclides, etc.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
As an aid to the several countries beginning the long-term storage of high-level nuclear wastes, reports on problems with microbes that have been encountered in the storage of low and medium level wastes and spent fuel, often long beyond their intended time. Examines and discusses what deleterious effects have been observed in actual waste conditions or in simulated trial tests for predicting material performance under various storage conditions. Two areas of concern are microbial-influenced corrosion of containers that initiates or accelerates other corrosion, and biofilms breaking down the structure of the waste material itself thus jeopardizing its integrity. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792344889
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/13/2007
  • Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1 (closed) , #11
  • Edition description: 1997
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
Acknowledgment
Workshop Summary
Research and Development Priorities in the Hungarian Waste Management Program 1
Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste Management in Hungary 11
Activities of Microorganisms and Transfers of Trace Elements of Radionuclides in Microhabitats 17
Electrochemical Characteristics of Anticipated MIC in Deep Geologic Nuclear Waste Storage Environments at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA 23
Assessment of Microbially Influenced Corrosion 33
A Procedure to Evaluate the Potential for Microbially Influenced Degradation of Cement-Solidified Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forms 43
Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in Nuclear Waste Storage Environments 55
Influence of the Microbiological Processes in Soil on Vertical Migration of Radionuclides 71
Influence of Microorganisms on [superscript 35]Sr and [superscript 137]Cs Speciation in Soils 81
The Role of Microorganisms in the Mobility of Radionuclides in Soil 87
Basic Radiation Microbiology 93
General and Specific Perspectives on Biological Impacts in Wet Storage Facilities for Irradiated Nuclear Fuel 103
Corrosion Problems in the Research Reactor "RA" Spent Fuel Storage Pool 113
Corrosion in a Spent Fuel Storage Basin 121
Wet Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel: Corrosion Process Investigations 125
The Potential for Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Savannah River Spent Fuel Storage Pools 131
Biofilm Development and the Survival of Microorganisms in Water Systems of Nuclear Reactors and Spent Fuel Pools 139
Predicting the Effects of Microbial Activity on the Corrosion of Copper Nuclear Waste Disposal Containers 149
Overview of the Interim Storage Systems for Spent Fuel at Swierk Centre 163
Safety Aspects of a Dry Interim Storage Facility for Spent Fuel Cernavoda NPP 171
Inhibition of Microbiologically Induced Corrosion 177
The Microbiology of Radioactive Waste Disposal 189
25 Years Experience in Experimental Shallow Land Disposal of Bituminised Radioactive Waste 211
Microbial Aspects of LLW Disposal at the UK Low Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Site 217
Determination of the Physical and Chemical States of Actinoids (Th, U, Np, Pu, Am) and Fission Fragments (Cs, Sr, Tc, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd) Resulting from the Microbial Processes 233
Gas Generation from Low Level Radioactive Waste: A Comparison of Model Derived and Experimental Data 247
Microbial Degradation of Eurobitum Waste Form Under Anaerobic Repository Conditions 255
Biodegradation, A Non-Problem if Radioactive Raw Wastes are Properly Conditioned into a Final Solid Disposal Form? 267
In Vitro Evaluation of Microbial Effects on Bitumen Waste Form 275
Author Index 285
Subject Index 287
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