Microbial Ecology of a Brackish Water Environment

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642667930
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 7/31/2012
  • Series: Ecological Studies Series , #25
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1977
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.65 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction.- References.- 2. The Kiel Bight as Research Area.- References.- 3. Hydrographic Conditions.- 3.1 The Baltic Sea as an Estuary.- 3.2 General Hydrographical Features of the Baltic.- 3.3 The Kiel Bight.- 3.4 The Kiel Fjord.- 3.5 Study Period 1974/75.- References.- 4. Oxygen and Some Inorganic Nutrients.- 4.1 Material and Methods.- 4.2 Oxygen.- 4.3 Inorganic Nutrients.- 4.3.1 Ammonia.- 4.3.2 Nitrite.- 4.3.3 Nitrate.- 4.3.4 Orthophosphate.- 4.4 The Annual Cycle of Nutrients.- References.- 5. Seston and Its Main Components.- 5.1 Seston.- 5.2 Chlorophyll a.- 5.3 Particulate Carbon and Nitrogen.- 5.4 Protein.- 5.5 Carbohydrates.- 5.6 Lipids.- 5.7 Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP).- 5.8 Organic and Inorganic Matter.- 5.9 Fraction of Plankton and Detritus in Organic Matter.- 5.10 Percentual Composition of Seston.- References.- 6. Determination of Organic Substances and Respiration Potential.- 6.1 Description and Application of the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) Method.- 6.2 Description and Application of the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) Method.- 6.3 Description and Application of Dehydrogenase Activity (DHA) Determination as a Measure for Potential Respiration.- References.- 7. Primary Production.- 7.1 Material and Methods.- 7.2 Primary Production in the Kiel Fjord and Different Areas of the Kiel Bight.- References.- 8. Plankton Populations.- 8.1 Plankton Populations of the Kiel Bight.- 8.2 Phytoplankton Populations During the Study Period 1974/75 81 References.- 9. Fungi.- 9.1 Lower Fungi (Mastigomycotina).- 9.2 Yeasts.- 9.3 Lignicolous Fungi (Ascomycotina, Deuteromycotina).- References.- 10. Estimation of Bacterial Number and Biomass by Epifluorescence Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy.- 10.1 Staining Technique for the Epifluorescence Microscopic Count.- 10.2 Preparation of Specimens for Scanning Electron Microscopy.- 10.3 Preliminary Examinations.- 10.4 Examination of the Kiel Fjord and Kiel Bight 1974/75.- 10.4.1 Regional and Seasonal Distribution of Bacteria.- 10.4.2 Estimation of Bacterial Cell Sizes and Biomass.- 10.4.3 Bacteria Attached to Detritus.- References.- 11. Regional and Seasonal Distribution of Saprophytic and Coliform Bacteria.- 11.1 Material and Methods.- 11.2 Distribution of Marine, Brackish Water and Fresh Water Bacteria in the Water.- 11.3 Distribution of Marine, Brackish Water and Fresh Water Bacteria in the Sediments.- References.- 12. Distribution of Special Physiological Bacteria Groups.- 12.1 Material and Methods.- 12.2 Results and Discussion.- References.- 13. Numerical Taxonomy and Character Analysis of Saprophytic Bacteria Isolated from the Kiel Fjord and the Kiel Bight.- 13.1 Material and Methods.- 13.1.1 Isolation of the Bacteria Strains.- 13.1.2 Morphological, Physiological and Biochemical Tests.- 13.1.3 Numerical Taxonomy.- 13.1.4 Classifying by Key Diagnostics.- 13.2 Results.- 13.2.1 Numerical Taxonomy of the HMOs.- 13.2.2 Comparison of the Median Strains and Ungrouped Strains by Numerical Taxonomy.- 13.2.3 Classifying of Bacterial Strains by Using Determination Schemes.- 13.2.4 Analysis of the Frequency of Characters.- 13.3 Discussion.- References.- 14. Analysis of Actively Metabolizing Bacterial Populations with the Autoradiographic Method.- 14.1 Material and Methods.- 14.1.1 Micro-Autoradiographic Method for the Determination of Active Bacteria Cells.- 14.1.2 Description of a Macro-Autoradiographic Method to Determine Physiological Groups of Active Bacteria Colonies.- 14.2 Results.- 14.2.1 Annual Cycle of the Actively Metabolizing Heterotrophic Bacteria in the Kiel Fjord and the Kiel Bight.- 14.2.2 Distribution of Some Physiological Bacteria Groups in Different Brackish Water Biotopes.- 14.3 Discussion on the Role of Actively Metabolizing Bacteria in Brackish Water Areas.- References.- 15. Heterotrophic Activity.- 15.1 Material and Methods.- 15.1.1 Determination of Vmax, Tt, and (Kt + Sn).- 15.1.2 Determination of the Turnover Time of an Amino Acid Mixture.- 15.2 Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of the Heterotrophic Activity.- 15.2.1 Spatial Distribution of the Maximum Uptake Velocity.- 15.2.2 Spatial Distribution of the Sum of Transport “Constant” and Natural Substrate Concentration (Kt + Sn).- 15.2.3 Spatial Distribution of the Turnover Time.- 15.3 Seasonal Distribution of Heterotrophic Activity.- 15.3.1 Seasonal Distribution of Maximum Uptake Velocity.- 15.3.2 Seasonal Distribution of the Turnover Time.- 15.3.3 Seasonal Distribution of the Sum of Transport “Constant” and Natural Substrate Concentration (Kt + Sn).- References.- 16. Bacterial Growth Rates and Biomass Production.- 16.1 Material and Methods.- 16.1.1 Sampling Procedure and Processing the Samples.- 16.1.2 Assay Analysis.- 16.2 Growth Activity and Biomass Production.- 16.3 Generation Time and Influence of Temperature on Growth Activity.- 16.4 Influence of Quality of Water on Growth Activity.- 16.5 Discussion.- References.- 17. Nitrification.- 17.1 Material and Methods.- 17.2 Potential Activity for Nitrite Oxidation in the Kiel Fjord and the Kiel Bight.- 17.3 Discussion of the Results.- References.- 18. Desulfurication and Sulfur Oxidation.- References.- 19. Comparative Analysis of Data Measured in the Brackish Water of the Kiel Fjord and the Kiel Bight.- 19.1 Methods Applied for the Comparative Analysis of the Results.- 19.1.1 Two-State Correlation Analysis.- 19.1.2 Series Comparison.- 19.1.3 Time-Series Analysis.- 19.1.4 Arrangement of the Parameters Measured.- 19.1.5 Representation of the Results.- 19.2 Results.- 19.3 Discussion.- References.- 20. Conclusion.- References.
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