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Microbiology of Composting / Edition 1

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Overview

Composting is increasingly used as a recycling technology for organic wastes. Knowledge on the composition and activities of compost microbial communities has so far been based on traditional methods. New molecular and physiological tools now offer new insights into the "black box" of decaying material. An unforeseen diversity of microorganisms are involved in composting, opening up an enormous potential for future process and product improvements. In this book, the views of scientists, engineers and end-users on compost production, process optimisation, standardisation and product application are presented.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783540675686
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 6/20/2002
  • Edition description: 2002
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 636
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.44 (d)

Table of Contents

How Resilient Are Microbial Communities to Temperature Changes During Composting? 3
Survey of Fungal Diversity in Mushroom Compost Using Sequences of PCR-Amplified Genes Encoding 18S Ribosomal RNA 17
Bacterial Community Structure During Yard Trimmings Composting 25
Characterisation of Microbial Communities During Composting of Organic Wastes 43
Microbial Succession During Composting of Source-Separated Urban Organic Household Waste Under Different Initial Temperature Conditions 53
Bacterial Diversity in Livestock Manure Composts as Characterized by Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (T-RLFP) of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA Gene Sequences 65
Amplified 16S Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis of Microbial Community Structure During Rapid Degradation of a Biopolymer, PHA, by Composting 83
Comparative Investigation of Vermicompost Microbial Communities 99
Heat Production During Thermophilic Decomposition of Municipal Wastes in the Dano-System Composting Plant 111
Composting of Different Horticultural Wastes: Effect of Fungal Inoculation 119
Backyard Composting: General Considerations and a Case Study 133
N-Dynamics During Composting - Overview and Experimental Results 143
Unsuitability of Anaerobic Compost from Solid Substrate Anaerobic Digestion as a Soil Amendment 155
Pile Composting of Two-phase Centrifuged Olive Husks: Bioindicators of the Process 165
Organic Acids as a Decisive Limitation to Process Dynamics During Composting of Organic Matter 177
Effects of Interrupted Air Supply on the Composting Process - Composition of Volatile Organic Acids 189
Reduction of Ammonia Emission and Waste Gas Volume by Composting at Low Oxygen Pressure 203
Review of Compost Process-Control for Product Function 217
Using Agricultural Wastes for Tricholoma crassum (Berk.) Sacc. Production 231
Microbial Transformation of Nitrogen During Composting 237
Effect of Additives on the Nitrification-Denitrification Activities During Composting of Chicken Manure 247
Biodegradability Study on Films for Packaging Based on Isotactic Polypropylene Modified with Natural Terpene Resins 265
Isolation and Characterization of Thermophilic Microorganisms Able to Grow on Cellulose Acetate 273
PCB's Biotransformation by a White-Rot Fungus Under Composting and Liquid Culture Conditions 287
Tests on Composting of Degradable Polyethylene in Respect to the Quality of the End-Product Compost 299
Microbial Degradation of Sulfonylurea Herbicides: Chlorsulfuron and Metsulfuron-Methyl 309
Hydrogen Peroxide Effects on Composting and its Use in Assessing the Degree of Maturity 323
Plant Performance in Relation to Oxygen Depletion, CO[subscript 2]-Rate and Volatile Organic Acids in Container Media Composts of Varying Maturity 335
Microbiological and Chemical Characterisation of Composts at Different Levels of Maturity, with Evaluation of Phytotoxicity and Enzymatic Activities 345
Monitoring of a Composting Process: Thermal Stability of Raw Materials and Products 357
Compost Maturity - Problems Associated with Testing 373
Use of CLPP for Evaluating the Role of Different Organic Materials in Composting 383
Evaluation of Organic Matter Stability During the Composting Process of Agroindustrial Wastes 397
Characterization of Organic Substances in Stabilized Composts of Rest Wastes 407
Composting of Posidonia oceanica and Its Use in Agriculture 425
Practical Use of Quality Compost for Plant Health and Vitality Improvement 435
Environmental Impacts of Cattle Manure Composting 445
Agronomic Value and Environmental Impacts of Urban Composts Used in Agriculture 457
Composting in the Framework of the EU Landfill Directive 473
Occurence of Aspergillus fumigatus in a Compost Polluted with Heavy Metals 487
Important Aspects of Biowaste Collection and Composting in Nigeria 495
Use of Actinobacteria in Composting of Sheep Litter 505
Methods for Health Risk Assessment by Clostridium botulinum in Biocompost 517
The Fate of Plant Pathogens and Seeds During Backyard Composting of Vegetable, Fruit and Garden Waste 527
Survival of Phytopathogen Viruses During Semipilot-Scale Composting 539
Composting Conditions Preventing the Development of Odorous Compounds 551
Odour Emissions During Yard Waste Composting: Effect of Turning Frequency 561
Imission of Microorganisms from Composting Facilities 571
Molecular Identification of Airborne Microorganisms from Composting Facilities 585
Bioaerosols and Public Health 595
Passively Aerated Composting of Straw-Rich Organic Pig Manure 607
Index 623
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