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First published in 1991 and reprinted in 1994 and 1998, Mid-Latitude Weather Systems has become a classic text in synoptic meteorology. It is the first text to make extensive use of conventional weather charts and equations to illustrate fully the behavior and evolution of weather patterns. Turning to well-documented case studies, Toby Carlson presents selected concepts in a unique way, facilitating the interpretation of this active and challenging area of study.
Early chapters focus on the mathematics necessary to construct simple models, which are subsequently used to describe and interpret the movement, evolution, and structure of particular weather patterns. Carlson discusses specific meteorological phenomena using schematic illustrations in conjunction with actual weather charts for explanation. The charts are an original and powerful feature of the text and display parameters routinely issued by the United States Weather Service.
With its fusion of the mathematical and descriptive fields of meteorology and its integrated coverage of synoptic and dynamic approaches, Mid-Latitude Weather Systems is an invaluable course text and reference source for students.
1 Introduction and mathematical definitions
2 Vorticity and vertical motion
3 The vorticity and thermodynamic equations
4 Quasi-geostrophic forcing of vertical motions and surface pressure tendency
5 Quasi-geostrophic energetics
6 Evolution and motion of mid-tropospheric waves: barotropic viewpoint
7 Simple dynamic models of wave/cyclone development: baroclinic viewpoint
8 Alternative expressions for vertical motion and divergence
9 Some additional dynamic aspects of the baroclinic wave/cyclone: effects of friction, terrain and diabatic heating
10 The evolution of cyclones
11 Optimum wavelength and growth rate of baroclinic waves
12 Airflow through mid-latitude synoptic-scale disturbances
13 Kinematics of surface fronts
14 Ageostrophic motion and the dynamics of fronts
15 Upper-tropospheric fronts and jet streaks
16 Mid-tropospheric fronts, elevated mixed layers and the severe storm environment
Appendix: list of symbols
Selected references, by subject area