Middle East Patterns: Places, Peoples, and Politics / Edition 5

Middle East Patterns: Places, Peoples, and Politics / Edition 5

by Colbert C. Held, John Thomas Cummings
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0813344018

ISBN-13: 9780813344010

Pub. Date: 08/03/2010

Publisher: Westview Press


Now in its fifth edition, Middle East Patterns continues to be the most comprehensive and authoritative geographical study of the region. New coauthor John Thomas Cummings joins Colbert C. Held in updating this classic work while retaining the well-received framework of past editions. The authors first cover the Middle East from a topical perspective,

Overview


Now in its fifth edition, Middle East Patterns continues to be the most comprehensive and authoritative geographical study of the region. New coauthor John Thomas Cummings joins Colbert C. Held in updating this classic work while retaining the well-received framework of past editions. The authors first cover the Middle East from a topical perspective, considering the region’s biophysical, ethnographic, economic, and geopolitical patterns, and then provide in-depth country-by-country coverage. The fifth edition maintains the book’s distinctive focus on geography, natural resources, and land-use patterns while integrating updated comparative material on development economics and political economy throughout the book, as well as new sections on terrorism and piracy and the effects of development on women’s health issues. Richly illustrated with more than 100 photos and 60 maps, this acclaimed book remains the best accessible resource for students and general readers who seek to understand the spatial dynamics of the Middle East

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813344010
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
08/03/2010
Edition description:
Fifth Edition, Fifth Edition
Pages:
688
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tablesxi
List of Graphsxi
List of Mapsxi
List of Illustrationsxiii
Preface and Acknowledgments to the Third Editionxvii
A Note on Transliterationxxi
Part 1Physical and Cultural Geography
1Tricontinental Junction: An Introduction3
Middle East Preview3
The Middle East: Definition7
Regional Unity of Empires9
Aims and Concepts: A Glance10
2Patterns of Time: Historical-Geographical Foundations13
Persistence of Patterns13
Early Patterns15
Historical-Political Evolution18
Some Inferences: Power Cores31
3The Lands and the Waters35
An Overview35
Survey of Landforms38
Middle East Seas46
Middle East Lakes49
Major River Systems50
Groundwater53
4The Skies and the Winds: Climate55
Middle East Climate Factors55
Elements of Middle East Climate57
Climate Regions67
5Soils, Vegetation, and Animal Life69
Ecological Relationships and Soils69
Middle East Soil Patterns71
Vegetation74
Middle East Vegetation Patterns75
Animal Life78
6Patterns of Peoples and Cultures81
Patterns: Population82
Patterns: Peoples86
Patterns: Languages89
Patterns: Religions92
Patterns: Ethnic Groups103
7The Desert and the Sown: Land Use115
Agriculture115
Landholdings and Land Reform120
Rainfed Crop Farming121
Water in the Desert: Irrigation126
Role of Animals129
Forest Products132
Fishing132
8Riches Beneath the Earth135
Underground Resources135
Petroleum: Historical Development136
Patterns of Reserves140
Petroleum Production145
Major Oil Facilities148
Markets and Marketing152
OPEC: Pricing and Participation154
Other Minerals156
9Manufacturing and Transportation161
Preliminary View161
Cooperation and Aid162
Regional Development Problems164
Patterns of Industry166
Transportation172
Trade182
10Where People Congregate185
Settlers and Settlements185
Overall Settlement Pattern189
Urbanization189
Internal Structures of Cities191
Urban Problems and Prospects194
11The Earth and the State: Geopolitics199
Hub and Heartland199
The State in the Middle East200
Peace Treaties and Mandates202
Present Basic Patterns203
Regional Linkages206
Regional Conflicts209
The Arab-Israeli Problem216
The Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988227
The Gulf Crisis, 1990-1991230
Strategic Straits232
Great-Power Rivalry235
Part 2Regional Geography
12Syria: Middle East Heartland241
Regional Keystone241
The Physical Challenge241
Syria242
The Imprint of Time245
The Syrian Mixture247
Evolving Economic Patterns250
Transportation and Trade256
Political Geography257
13Lebanon and Cyprus: A Mountain and an Island261
The Character of Lebanon261
Rich Past, Complex Evolution261
Lebanon262
Lebanon and the Lebanese262
Disrupted Economic Patterns265
A Subregional Perspective269
Factions and Territories273
Two Mountains, Three Plains275
Cyprus276
Mediterranean Climate, Mediterranean Crops277
Nonagricultural Economy278
Before Division279
Divided Cyprus280
14Jordan: The Land Beyond283
Jordan285
Historical Evolution286
Peoples: Arabs, Minorities, Refugees288
Problems of Population289
Physical Resource Base290
Water: The Vital Resource293
Economic Geography295
International Relations297
15Israel, "Palestine," and Disputed Territories301
Historical Note301
Israel302
Varied Landscapes302
Population and Peoples306
Settlements311
Economic Patterns313
Commerce and Services318
Relations318
Occupied Territories322
From West Bank and Gaza to Palestinian Authority323
Golan329
16Iraq: Modern Mesopotamia333
Iraq and Its Antecedents333
Iraq334
Regional Patterns336
Population and Peoples343
Economic Patterns and Problems345
Relations350
17Saudi Arabia: Development in the Desert355
Saudi Arabia: A Preview355
Saudi Arabia356
Historical-Political Geography356
Physical Patterns358
Population and Peoples363
Settlements365
Economic Patterns366
Relations374
18The Gulf and Its Oil States377
Kuwait380
Bahrain389
Qatar395
United Arab Emirates398
19Oman and Yemen: The Southern Fringe411
Oman412
Yemen422
20Egypt: A River and a People437
A View of Egypt437
Egypt438
A Rich History438
River, Delta, and Deserts441
The Egyptians and Their Society447
Changing Economic Patterns450
Relations458
21Turkey: Bridgeland in Anatolia461
Between Europe and Middle East461
Turkey462
Complex Regional Patterns462
A Historical Tapestry469
The Turkish Population471
Village and City472
Economic Development473
Relations482
22Iran: Complex Republic on the Plateau487
Young State, Ancient Land487
Iran488
Plateau Palimpsest488
A Theocratic Republic489
A Mountain-Rimmed Plateau491
People: Demography and Ethnography496
Iranian Economic Patterns500
Regional and Global Relations509
Glossary513
Geological Time Chart519
Bibliography521
Epilogue541
Index545

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