Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs / Edition 2

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Middle Egyptian introduces the reader to the writing system of ancient Egypt and the language of hieroglyphic texts. It contains twenty-six lessons, exercises (with answers), a list of hieroglyphic signs, and a dictionary. It also includes a series of twenty-five essays on the most important aspects of ancient Egyptian history, society, religion and literature. The combination of grammar lessons and cultural essays allows users not only to read hieroglyphic texts but also to understand them, providing the foundation for understanding texts on monuments and reading great works of ancient Egyptian literature in the original.

This second edition contains revised exercises and essays, providing an up-to-date account of current research and discoveries. New illustrations enhance discussions and examples. These additions combine with the previous edition to create a complete grammatical description of the classical language of ancient Egypt for specialists in linguistics and other fields.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The Third Edition breaks much new ground from the earlier editions, incorporating many new ideas on the verb, from the author’s research. This book encourages the reader to consider the ancient language as a means of expression and not just a set of grammatical rules."
Nigel Strudwick, Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

"Professor Allen has once again demonstrated his mastery of the ancient Egyptian language by providing a new edition of his grammar that is fresh and daring."
Ronald J. Leprohon, University of Toronto

"A user-friendly introduction teeming with novel insights; essential reading for all students and researchers in Egyptology."
Sami Uljas, Uppsala University

"This new edition of Middle Egyptian, completely revised, makes complex grammatical issues with which students often struggle far more accessible. It will also be of interest to those fascinated by the language but who come to it from outside Egyptology."
Troy Leiland Sagrillo, Swansea University

"This third, thoroughly revised edition, of the most successful teaching grammar of Middle Egyptian provides an integrated, step-by-step introduction to the script, language, and culture of the classical period of ancient Egypt, leading the student to a direct experience of the original texts. Written by one of the most distinguished scholars in the field and richly exemplified, the text is equally suited for the classroom and for self-study."
Andréas Stauder, Swiss National Science Foundation and Universität Basel

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521741446
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 5/31/2010
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 524
  • Sales rank: 930,034
  • Product dimensions: 6.92 (w) x 9.54 (h) x 0.92 (d)

Meet the Author

James P. Allen is the Wilbour Professor of Egyptology at Brown University. He is a former curator of Egyptian Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and President of the International Association of Egyptologists. His previous publications include Genesis in Egypt: The Philosophy of Ancient Egyptian Creation Accounts (1989), The Heqanakht Papyri (2002), and The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts (2005).
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Table of Contents

List of Figures viii

Preface ix

Lesson 1 Egyptian Language and Writing 1

Language 1

Writing 2

Essay 1 Ancient Egyptian History 9

Exercise 1 12

Lesson 2 The Sounds of Middle Egyptian 13

Essay 2 Ancient Egyptian Geography 21

Exercise 2 23

Lesson 3 Multiliteral Signs 25x

Essay 3 Ancient Egyptian Society 33

Exercise 3 35

Lesson 4 Nouns 37

Essay 4 The Gods 45

Exercise 4 48

Lesson 5 Pronouns 49

Essay 5 The Gods on Earth 57

Exercise 5 60

Lesson 6 Adjectives 61

Essay 6 The King's Names 66

Exercise 6 68

Lesson 7 Adjectival and Nominal Sentences 69

Adjectival Sentences 69

Nominal Sentences 72

Uses of Adjectival and Nominal Sentences 79

Essay 7 Human Nature 81

Exercise 7 83

Lesson 8 Prepositions and Adverbs 85

Prepositions 85

Adverbs 94

Essay 8 Death and the Afterlife 96

Exercise 8 99

Lesson 9 Numbers 101

Essay 9 Egyptian Chronology 109

Exercise 9 111

Lesson 10 Adverbial Sentences 113

Essay 10 Maat 119

Exercise 10 121

Lesson 11 Nonverbal Sentences 123

Essay 11 The World Before Creation 130

Exercise 11 131

Lesson 12 Nonverbal Clauses 133

Relative Clauses 134

Noun Clauses 140

Adverb Clauses 143

Essay 12 The Creation of the World 147

Exercise 12 149

Lesson 13 Verbs 151

Essay 13 The Creative Word 160

Exercise 13 162

Lesson 14 The Infinitival Forms 163

The Infinitive 163

The Negative Infinitive and Negatival Complement 174

The Complementary Infinitive 175

Essay 14 The Memphite Theology 176

Exercise 14 178

Lesson 15 The Pseudoverbal Construction 179

Essay 15 The Creator 185

Exercise 15 188

Lesson 16 The Imperative and Particles 189

Particles 192

Essay 16 Heresy 200

Exercise 16 203

Lesson 17 The Stative 205

Essay 17 Phonology and Writing 222

Exercise 17 225

Lesson 18 The Perfect 227

Essay 18 Egyptian Literature 243

Exercise 18 246

Lesson 19 The Subjunctive 249

Essay 19 Middle Egyptian Wisdom Literature 262

Exercise 19 265

Lesson 20 The Perfective and Imperfective 267

Essay 20 Middle Egyptian Stories 284

Exercise 20 287

Lesson 21 The Prospective and Passive 289

The Prospective 289

The Passive 294

The Forms of the sdm.f 299

Essay 21 Historical Texts 301

Exercise 21 305

Lesson 22 The Other Forms of the Suffix Conjugation 307

The sdm.jn.f 307

The sdm.hr.f 310

The sdm.k3.f 312

The sdmt.f 314

The Parenthetics 318

Essay 22 Religious Texts 321

Exercise 22 324

Lesson 23 The Participles 325

Essay 23 Hymns and Poetry 348

Exercise 23 351

Lesson 24 The Relative Forms 353

Essay 24 Nonliterary Texts 368

Exercise 24 370

Lesson 25 Special Uses of the Relative Forms 373

Nominal Uses 374

Emphatic Uses 379

General Considerations 391

Essay 25 Letters 396

Exercise 25 399

Lesson 26 Middle Egyptian Grammar 401

Theory 416

Where to Go From Here 421

Sign List 425

Dictionary 455

Answers to the Exercises 475

Index 497

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