Mikra: Text, Translation, Reading and Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

Mikra: Text, Translation, Reading and Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

by Martin J. Mulder, Harry Sysling
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0801047234

ISBN-13: 9780801047237

Pub. Date: 03/01/2004

Publisher: Baker Publishing Group

The term "Mikra" is frequently used interchangeably with "Bible" and "Holy Scripture." Nevertheless the term carries more freight, for it means "the way in which the text has always been and ought to be recited and understood by those who have been closely connected with the texts." The many scholars, all specialists in their

Overview

The term "Mikra" is frequently used interchangeably with "Bible" and "Holy Scripture." Nevertheless the term carries more freight, for it means "the way in which the text has always been and ought to be recited and understood by those who have been closely connected with the texts." The many scholars, all specialists in their fields, who contribute to this expansive volume elucidate the many translations and interpretations of the texts from the formation of the canon, through the Greek and Aramaic translations, the Samaritans, the Rabbis, the New Testament writers, the Latin translations, and the early Christian fathers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780801047237
Publisher:
Baker Publishing Group
Publication date:
03/01/2004
Pages:
956
Sales rank:
985,639
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

PrefaceVII
Note on TransliterationVIII
AcknowledgementsVIII
List of IllustrationsIX
ContentsXI
IntroductionXXIII
Chapter 1Writing in Ancient Israel and Early Judaism1
General Introduction1
Part 1The Biblical Period2
Part 2Scribes and Books in the Late Second Commonwealth and Rabbinic Period21
Selected Bibliography37
Chapter 2Formation of the Hebrew Bible39
The Terminology Denoting Scripture39
The Significance of the Temple Archive40
The Agreed Nucleus of the Scriptural Canon45
The Threefold Structure of the Canon51
The Date of the Closing of the Canon58
The Status of Particular Groups of Books61
The Samaritan Canon85
Bibliography86
Chapter 3The Transmission of the Biblical Text87
Introduction87
The Pre-Masoretic Period88
The Masoretic Period104
The Period of Stabilization of the Masoretic text116
Bibliography133
Chapter 4The Reading of the Bible in the Ancient Synagogue137
General137
The Main Reading Cycles138
The Establishment of Reading Cycles143
Bible Reading Before 70 C.E.149
Selective Bibliography159
Chapter 5The Septuagint161
General161
Origin and Original Form of the Translation164
The Character of the Translation169
The Intellectual and Cultural Background of the Translators174
The Language of the LXX178
Revisions of the LXX181
Bibliography187
Chapter 6The Samaritan Targum of the Pentateuch189
General189
History of the Samaritan Targum. The Linguistic State of its Extant Manuscripts190
The Hermeneutical Character of the Samaritan Targum200
Bibliography216
Chapter 7Jewish Aramaic Translations of Hebrew Scriptures217
The Extant Rabbinic Texts217
The Character of the Targum225
Sitz im Leben238
History of the Targumim242
Concluding Synthesis247
Bibliography250
Chapter 8The Old Testament Peshitta255
Introduction255
Jewish or Christian Authorship?261
Peshitta and Jewish Traditions: The Pentateuch264
Peshitta and Jewish Traditions: Books Outside the Pentateuch285
Epilogue295
Bibliography296
Chapter 9The Latin Translations299
Old Latin Versions299
Jerome and the Vulgate313
The Contribution of the Latin Versions334
Bibliography335
Chapter 10Use, Authority and Interpretation of Mikra at Qumran339
Introduction339
Mikra and its Uses342
The Authority of Mikra360
The Interpretation of Mikra366
Conclusion375
Bibliography377
Chapter 11Use and Interpretation of Mikra in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha379
Introduction379
Explicit Use of Mikra384
Implicit Use of Mikra - Composition400
Summary and Conclusions419
Chapter 12Authority and Interpretation of Scripture in the Writings of Philo421
Introduction421
Use of Mikra422
Authority of Mikra428
Exegesis of Mikra444
Bibliography452
Chapter 13Use, Authority and Exegesis of Mikra in the Writings of Josephus455
Josephus' Biblical Text455
Josephus' Promise Not to Modify the Scriptures466
Josephus as an Interpreter of Biblical Narrative470
Josephus as an Interpreter of Biblical law507
Bibliography518
Chapter 14The Interpretation of the Bible By the Minor Hellenistic Jewish Authors519
Introduction519
Poets521
Historians528
Conclusions543
Bibliography545
Chapter 15The Interpretation of Scripture in Rabbinic Literature
Introduction547
Systems of Interpretation552
Selected Bibliography594
Chapter 16Use, Authority and Exegesis of Mikra in the Samaritan Tradition595
General595
Use of the Tora595
Method of Exegesis623
Aberrant Attitudes to Scripture625
Relationship to Jewish Theory629
Bibliography632
Chapter 17Use, Authority and Exegesis of Mikra in Gnostic Literature635
Introduction635
Basic Issues636
Three Hermeneutical Presuppositions638
'Rewritten Scripture'647
Conclusions651
Bibliography652
Chapter 18The Old Testament Canon in the Early Church653
Introduction653
The Determination of the Canon655
The Canon as a Hermeneutical Process679
Bibliography689
Chapter 19Biblical Interpretation in the New Testament Church691
Introduction691
Exegetical Methods692
Perspective and Presuppositions710
Conclusion724
Bibliography724
Chapter 20Old Testament Interpretation in the Writings of the Church Fathers
Introduction727
Settings of Interpretation in Literature and Life731
Old Testament and New758
Modes of Exegesis763
The Influence of the Hebrew Text and Jewish Interpretation770
Notable Authors and Expositions776
Bibliography786
Abbreviations790
Accumulative Bibliography797
Index of Sources854

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