Mikra: Text, Translation, Reading, and Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

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The term "Mikra" is frequently used interchangeably with "Bible" and "Holy Scripture." Nevertheless the term carries more freight, for it means "the way in which the text has always been and ought to be recited and understood by those who have been closely connected with the texts." The many scholars, all specialists in their fields, who contribute to this expansive volume elucidate the many translations and interpretations of the texts from the formation of the canon, through the Greek and Aramaic translations, the Samaritans, the Rabbis, the New Testament writers, the Latin translations, and the early Christian fathers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801047237
  • Publisher: Baker Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 3/1/2004
  • Pages: 960
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Martin J. Mulder was born in Ter Aar, The Netherlands, in 1923. He studied theology at the Free University of Amsterdam and Semitic languages at Leiden University. He was professor of Semitic languages at the Free University of Amsterdam (1970-1979) and professor of Old Testament at Leiden University (1979-1989), and also director of the Peshitta Institute of the same university. He published a large number of studies on Israelite religion, the Old Testament and the Ancient Versions, and Hebrew and Aramaic. Martin Mulder died in 1994.

Harry Sysling was born in Voorst, The Netherlands, in 1947. He studied theology and Semitic languages at the Free University of Amsterdam and received his PhD in 1991 from the University of Leiden. He lectured in Rabbinic Hebrew at Leiden University and worked as a translator for the New Dutch Bible Translation. He is presently engaged in research on targumic studies at the Theological University of Kampen. He has published principally in the area of Hebrew and Aramaic.

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Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Writing in ancient Israel and early Judaism 1
Ch. 2 Formation of the Hebrew Bible 39
Ch. 3 The transmission of the biblical text 87
Ch. 4 The reading of the Bible in the ancient synagogue 137
Ch. 5 The Septuagint 161
Ch. 6 The Samaritan Targum of the Pentateuch 189
Ch. 7 Jewish Aramaic translations of Hebrew scriptures 217
Ch. 8 The Old Testament Peshitta 255
Ch. 9 The Latin translations 299
Ch. 10 Use, authority and interpretation of Mikra at Qumran 339
Ch. 11 Use and itnerpretation of Mikra in the apocrypha and pseudepigrapha 379
Ch. 12 Authority and interpretation of scripture in the writings of Philo 421
Ch. 13 Use, authority and exegesis of Mikra in the writings of Josephus 455
Ch. 14 The interpretation of the Bible by the minor Hellenistic Jewish authors 519
Ch. 15 The interpretation of scripture in rabbinic literature 547
Ch. 16 Use, authority and exegesis of Mikra in the Samaritan tradition 595
Ch. 17 Use, authority and exegesis of Mikra in gnostic literature 635
Ch. 18 The Old Testament canon in the early church 653
Ch. 19 Biblical interpretation in the New Testament church 691
Ch. 20 Old Testament interpretation in the writings of the church fathers 727
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