Military Orders: Welfare and Warfare

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Overview

This volume contains papers from the 2nd conference on the military orders, held at the Museum of St. John, London, in September 1996. under the auspices of the London Centre for the Study of the Crusades. The conference included scholars from 19 countries who presented a total of 53 papers on subfrcts covering a chronological period from the 11th century to the present day, and a geographical spread from Portugal to the Middle East, and Malta to the Baltic states. A large number of the papers are published in this volume.

The papers are divided into four sections: medical work, military activity, internal organization and life, and relations with rulers and donors. Each section is arranged ut general chronological order.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
From the second in a series of conferences, held in September 1992 in London, 33 papers explore diverse aspects of the orders from their appearance in the 12th century into the early 19th. Among them are Arabic medicine and hospitals in the Middle Ages as a probably model for the military orders' care of the sick, horses and crossbows as warfare advantages of the Teutonic Order in Prussia, Templar castles between Jaffa and Jerusalem, the sargents of the military order of Santiago, the Hospitallers and the Kings of Navarre in the 14th and 15th centuries, and the Bailiwick of Brandenberg and the Prussian monarchy in 1701-1810. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780860786795
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 11/1/1998
  • Pages: 440
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.49 (h) x 1.34 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Abbreviations
List of Contributors
Editor's Preface
Address
Introduction
1 A Twelfth-Century description of the Jerusalem Hospital 3
Appendix A Provisional Edition of Clm. 4620, fol. 132v-139v 13
2 Medical Care in the Hospital of St. John in Jerusalem 27
3 Arabic Medicine and Hospitals in the Middle Ages: a Probable Model for the Military Orders' Care of the Sick 35
4 The Archaeological Approach to the Study of Disease in the Crusader States, as employed at Le Petit Gerin 43
5 The Role of Hospitals in the Teutonic Order 51
6 Welfare and Warfare in the Teutonic Order: a Survey 61
7 Knightly Hospitallers or Crusading Knights? Decisive Factors for the Spread of the Teutonic Knights in the Rhineland and the Low Countries, 1216-1300 75
8 Archbishop Henry of Reims and the Militarization of the Hospitallers 83
9 Templar Castles between Jaffa and Jerusalem 89
10 Before William of Tyre: European Reports on the Military Orders' Deeds in the East, 1150-1185 111
11 Horses and Crossbows: Two Important Warfare Advantages of the Teutonic Order in Prussia 119
12 The Hospitallers during Clement V's Pontificate: the Spoiled Sons of the Papacy? 153
13 English Contributions to the Hospitaller Castle at Bodrum in Turkey: 1407-1437 163
14 The Price of Hospitaller Crusading Warfare in the Eighteenth Century: the Maltese Consulate on Zante 173
15 Literacy and Learning in the Military Orders during the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries 185
16 A New Edition of the Latin and French Rule of the Temple 207
17 Wind Beneath the Wings: Subordinate Headquarters Officials in the Hospital and the Temple from the Twelfth to the Early Fourteenth Centuries 217
18 The Sergents of the Military Order of Santiago 225
19 Hospitaller and Templar Commanderies in Bohemia and Moravia: their Structure and Architectural Forms 235
20 Christ, Santiago and Avis: an Approach to the Rules of the Portuguese Military Orders in the Late Middle Ages 251
21 Fifteenth-Century Hospitaller Architecture on Rhodes: Patrons and Master Masons 259
22 'The Rights of the Treasury': the Financial Administration of the Hospitallers on Fifteenth-Century Rhodes, 1421-1522 267
23 Hospitaller Record Keeping and Archival Practices 275
24 Exemption in the Temple, the Hospital and the Teutonic Order: Shortcomings of the Institutional Approach 289
25 The Hospitallers in Pomerania: Between the Priories of Bohemia and Alamania 295
26 The Beginnings of the Military Orders in Frisia 307
27 Alfonso X and the Teutonic Order: an Example of the Role of the International Military Orders in Mid Thirteenth-Century Castile 319
28 The Trial of the Templars Revisited 329
29 'An Island Called Rhodes' and the 'Way' to Jerusalem: Change and Continuity in Hospitaller Exordia in the Later Middle Ages 343
30 The Hospitallers and the Kings of Navarre in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries 349
31 Strategies of Survival: the Military Orders and the Reformation in Switzerland 355
32 The Order of St. John as a 'School for Ambassadors' in Counter-Reformation Europe 363
33 The Bailiwick of Brandenburg and the Prussian Monarchy, 1701-1810 381
Select Bibliography 391
Index 395
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