Military Sociology

Overview

Early European sociologists found war, peace, and the effects of both on social development to be important matters for the emerging discipline to explain and understand. Curiously, these issues faded from the sociological agenda after World War I and were not again much studied by sociologists until World War II and the long Cold War that followed. Since then to the present, studies of military sociology have grown in number and scope. Military sociology is now a well-established and respected subfield within ...

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Overview

Early European sociologists found war, peace, and the effects of both on social development to be important matters for the emerging discipline to explain and understand. Curiously, these issues faded from the sociological agenda after World War I and were not again much studied by sociologists until World War II and the long Cold War that followed. Since then to the present, studies of military sociology have grown in number and scope. Military sociology is now a well-established and respected subfield within sociology. To survey the field this collection is organized around four major themes: (1) military organization, (2) civil-military relations, (3) the experience of war, and (4) the use and control of force.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

VOLUME ONE: ORIGINS OF MILITARY SOCIOLOGY
PART ONE: CLASSICAL ANTECEDENTS
How Pacifist Were the Founding Fathers? War and Violence in Classical Sociology - Sinisa Malesevic
War and Militarism in the Thought of Herbert Spencer - Fabrizio Battistelli
With an Unpublished Letter on the Anglo-Boer War
PART TWO: ACADEMIC SPECIALIZATION
Consequences of Social Science Research on the U.S. Military - Morris Janowitz
Morris Janowitz and the Origins of Sociological Research on Armed Forces and Society - James Burk
Social Science Research, War and the Military in the United States - Bernard Bo├źne
PART THREE: WORLD WAR II AS A PIVOT POINT
How These Volumes Came to Be Produced - Samuel Stouffer et al
Field Observations and Surveys in a Combat Zone - Robin Williams Jr
The American Soldier and Its Critics - M. Brewster Smith
What Survives the Attack on Positivism?
Cohesion and Disintegration of the Wehrmacht in World War II - Edward Shils and Morris Janowitz
The Small Warship - George Homans
PART FOUR: THE COLD WAR
Buddy Relations and Combat Performance - Roger Little
The Implications of Project Clear - Paul Foreman
Cohesion and Disintegration in the American Army - Paul Savage and Richard Gabriel
An Alternative Perspective to Savage and Gabriel - John Faris
VOLUME TWO: MILITARY ORGANIZATION
PART ONE: TRENDS IN MILITARY ORGANIZATION
The Decline of the Mass Army - Morris Janowitz
The Decline of the Mass Army in the West - Jacques van Doorn
PART THREE: INSTITUTIONAL/OCCUPATIONAL THESIS
From Institution to Occupation - Charles Moskos
Trends in Military Organization
Measuring the Institutional/Occupational Change Thesis - David Segal
PART FOUR: THE POSTMODERN MILITARY
Toward a Postmodern Military - Charles Moskos
The United States as a Paradigm
Are Post-Cold War Militaries Postmodern? - Bradford Booth, Meyer Kestnbaum and David Segal
PART FIVE: ALTERNATE SOURCES OF PERSONNEL: RESERVES AND CIVILIANS
The Naval Reservist - Louis Zurcher Jr
An Empirical Assessment of Ephemeral Role Enactment
The U.S. Navy's Maiden Voyage - Ryan Kelty
Effects of Integrating Sailors and Civilian Mariners on Deployment
PART SIX: RECRUITMENT
Who Chooses Military Service? - Jerald Bachman et al
College, Jobs or the Military - Meredith Kleykamp
Enlistment during a Time of War
PART SEVEN: SOCIAL COMPOSITION
Hispanics and African Americans in the U.S. Military - Mady Wechsler Segal et al
Trends in Representation
Women's Military Roles Cross-Nationally - Mady Wechsler Segal
Don't Ask, Don't Tell - Aaron Belkin
Is the Gay Ban Based on Military Necessity?
PART EIGHT: THE MILITARY PROFESSION
Studies in the Genesis of the Naval Profession - Norbert Elias
Professionals in Violence - Morris Janowitz
Power, Expertise and the Military Profession - Samuel Huntington
The Late Profession of Arms - Philip Abrams
Ambiguous Goals and Deteriorating Means in Britain
Explaining the Construction of Professionalism in the Military - Julia Evetts
History, Concepts and Theories
VOLUME THREE: CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS
PART ONE: CIVILIAN CONTROL
Power, Professionalism and Civilian Control - Samuel Huntington
Military Professionalism and Civilian Control - Arthur Larson
Crisis as Shirking - Peter Feaver
An Agency Theory Explanation of the Souring of American Civil-Military Relations
PART TWO: MILITARY FAMILIES
The Military and the Family as Greedy Institutions - Mady Wechseler Segal
Family Formation in the U.S. Military - Jennifer Hickes Lundquist and Herbert Smith
Evidence from the NLSY
When Race Makes No Difference - Jennifer Hickes Lundquist
Marriage and the Military
Military Families and Children during Operation Iraqi Freedom - Stephen Cozza, Ryo Chun and James Polo
PART THREE: PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR THE MILITARY
What Costs Will Democracies Bear? A Review of Popular Theories of Casualty Aversion - Hugh Smith
Public Support for Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Somalia - James Burk
Assessing the Casualties Hypothesis
Success Matters - Christopher Gelpi, Peter Feaver and Jason Reifler
Casualty Sensitivity and the War in Iraq
PART FOUR: MILITARIZATION OF SOCIETY
The Idea and Nature of Militarism - Alfred Vagts
A Nation-in-Arms - Uri Ben-Eliezer
State, Nation and Militarism in Israel's First Years
The New Militarism - Michael Mann
Major Armed Conflicts, Militarization and Life Chances - Steve Carlton-Ford
A Pooled Time-Series Analysis
VOLUME FOUR: EXPERIENCE OF WAR
PART ONE: HOW MILITARY SERVICE AFFECTS VETERANS
A School for the Nation? How Military Service Does Not Build Nations, and How It Might - Ronald Krebs
Combat Experience and Emotional Health Impairment and Resilience in Later Life - Glen Elder and Elizabeth Clipp
Racial Differences in the Impact of Military Service on the Socioeconomic Status of Women Veterans - Richard Cooney et al
20th Century Theories on Combat Motivation and Breakdown - Simon Wessely
PART TWO: TALKING ABOUT WAR
The Rhetoric of American Foreign Policy - Philip Wander
Rhetoric, Public Opinion and Policy in the American Debate over the Japanese Emperor during World War II - Hal Brands
Rhetorical Persuasion and Storytelling in the Military - Giuseppe Caforio
PART THREE: REMEMBERING WAR
War Poetry, Romanticism and the Return of the Sacred - Jay Winter
Woman, Citizenship and Civic Sacrifice - Kimberly Jensen
Engendering Patriotism in the First World War
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial - Robin Wagner-Pacifici and Barry Schwartz
Commemorating a Difficult Past
Remembering and Forgetting the War Elite: Mythmaking, Mass Reaction and Sino-Japanese Relations, 1950-2006 - Yinan He
VOLUME FIVE: THE USE AND CONTROL OF FORCE
PART ONE: THE USE OF FORCE
The Logic of War - Morris Janowitz
Strategic Assumptions and Moral Implications of the Constabulary Force - James Burk
Theories of the New Western Way of War - Martin Shaw
What Are Armed Forces For? The Changing Nature of Military Roles in Europe - Timothy Edmunds
PART TWO: WAR AND STATE FORMATION IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
How War Made States and vice versa - Charles Tilly
Why No Trade-off between 'Guns and Butter'? Armed Forces and Social Spending in the Advanced Industrial Democracies, 1960-1993 - Brian Gifford
American Exceptionalism Revisited - Gregory Hooks and Brian McQueen
The Military-Industrial Complex, Racial Tension and the Underdeveloped Welfare State
PART THREE: CHRONIC WARS AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION
The Garrison State - Harold Lasswell
The Military Ascendancy - C. Wright Mills
Why Didn't the United States Become a Garrison State? - Aaron Friedberg
PART FOUR: PEACEKEEPING
U.N. Peacekeepers - Charles Moskos Jr
The Constabulary Ethic and Military Professionalism
Is a Peacekeeping Culture Emerging among American Infantry in the Sinai MFO? - David Segal
Misplaced Loyalties - Donna Winslow
The Role of Military Culture in the Breakdown of Discipline in Peace Operations
Military Culture and Strategic Peacekeeping - Christopher Dandeker and James Gow
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