Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Overview

In the past 25 years, the frontal lobes have dominated human neuroscience research. Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed their importance to brain networks involved in nearly every aspect of mental and cognitive functioning. Studies of patients with focal brain lesions have expanded on early case study evidence of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive changes associated with frontal lobe brain damage. The role of frontal lobe function and dysfunction in human development (in both children and older ...

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Overview

In the past 25 years, the frontal lobes have dominated human neuroscience research. Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed their importance to brain networks involved in nearly every aspect of mental and cognitive functioning. Studies of patients with focal brain lesions have expanded on early case study evidence of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive changes associated with frontal lobe brain damage. The role of frontal lobe function and dysfunction in human development (in both children and older adults), psychiatric disorders, the dementias, and other brain diseases has also received rapidly increasing attention. In this useful text, 14 leading frontal lobe researchers review and synthesize the current state of knowledge on frontal lobe function, including structural and functional brain imaging, brain network analysis, aging and dementia, traumatic brain injury, rehabilitation, attention, memory, and consciousness. The book therefore provides a state-of-the-art account of research in this exciting area, and also highlights a number of new findings by some of the world's top researchers.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Christopher J Graver, PhD, ABPP-CN(Madigan Healthcare System)
Description: "The frontal lobes are an enormously important cog in the brain, and science has turned its attention increasingly to this fascinating structure in the last 25 years to better understand its function, dysfunction, and associated diseases. "
Purpose: This review of the state of frontal lobe research is also a tribute to the work of Donald Stuss, a pioneering neuropsychologist and seminal researcher in this area.
Audience: This book is appropriate for anyone involved in brain research and clinical care from neuropsychology to neuroscience to behavioral neurology. Written at an advanced level, this book assumes close familiarity with neuroanatomic principles, functional neuroanatomy, and cognitive neuroscience. The editors and contributing authors are well-known contributors to the field.
Features: A historical overview begins the book, breaking down the major progress in frontal lobe understanding into three main eras spanning Harlow's work with Phineas Gage to Halstead's work in neuropsychology to Geschwind's work in neurology. Subsequent chapters explore different frontal lobe functions through various research tools and methodologies, sometimes combining these. The obligatory classic frontal lobe syndrome is presented in a case study, but this is quickly expanded to dismantle more subtle divisions of the frontal lobes. The discussion of neuropsychological tests and associated areas of dysfunction is married to functional neuroimaging data to strengthen the findings. Whereas the evidence is certainly compelling, the narrow focus on the frontal lobes has one major hindrance in that heteromodal association areas are not discussed in the context of the larger picture of brain functioning. The chapter on cognitive aging is one of the few that incorporates a whole brain perspective. The color plates in the middle of the book are a nice addition, but the color schemes are inconsistent and make interpretation more arduous than necessary. Additionally, many of the neuroimaging slides are small and difficult to decipher in the low-resolution gray-scale. References are reasonably current.
Assessment: With excellent state-of-the-science information, this is a much more concise and readable book than The Human Frontal Lobes, Miller and Cummings (Guilford Press, 2007). Additionally, it integrates multiple research methodologies and fields for a robust top-down view. This is a worthwhile, clinically relevant purchase.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199791569
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 12/19/2011
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Brian Levine is Senior Scientist at Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute and Professor of Psychology and Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto.

Fergus I.M. Craik is a Senior Scientist at Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute and University Professor Emeritus of Psychology, University of Toronto.

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Table of Contents

1. Unifying Clinical, Experimental, and Neuroimaging Studies of the Human Frontal Lobes
B. Levine and F.I.M. Craik

2. Confabulation
M.P. Alexander

3. Reflections on ROBBIA
T. Shallice

4. Rostral Prefrontal Cortex: What Neuroimaging Can Learn from Human Neuropsychology
P.W. Burgess, Gil Gonen-Yaacovi, and Emmanuelle Volle

5. Combining the Insights Derived from Lesion and fMRI Studies to Understand the Function of Prefrontal Cortex
M.D. D'Esposito and D. Badre

6. Dynamic Communication and Connectivity in Frontal Networks
B. Voytek and R.T. Knight

7. The Frontal Lobes and Mental State Attribution
R.S. Rosenbaum and J.S. Rabin

8. Monitoring and Alerting: Two Forests among the Trees
I.H. Robertson

9. Cognitive Rehabilitation in Old Age: The Rotman Initiative
G. Winocur

10. Effects of Aging on Memory and Attention: A Frontal Lobe Problem?
F.I.M. Craik

11. The Aging Brain: An Alternate Perspective on Age-Related Changes
E. C. Leritz, R.E. McGlinchey, D.H. Salat, and W.P. Milberg

12. Structural Brain Imaging and Cognitive Aging
J. Ramirez and S.E. Black

13. The Effects of Focal and Diffuse Brain Injury on Behavior: Assessing "A Slice of Life" with Neuropsychology and Multimodal Neuroimaging
B. Levine

14. Does the Future Exist?
E. Tulving

15. The Necessary Narrative
T.W. Picton

Index

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