Minds, Brains, Computers: An Historical Introduction to the Foundations of Cognitive Science / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
$51.30
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $5.53
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 91%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (16) from $5.53   
  • New (5) from $46.12   
  • Used (11) from $5.53   

Overview

Minds, Brains, Computers serves as both an historical and interdisciplinary introduction to the foundations of cognitive science.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This is a breathtaking book, providing a thoroughly engaging, richly detailed historical introduction to the fundamental ideas of cognitive science. This will be absolutely essential reading not only for students (who will benefit from the numerous exercises), but also for professionals in any one area of cognitive science who may want to know the lay of the land in other areas and who can't but benefit from the historical perspective," Georges Rey, University of Maryland

"There are two problems that perennially plague courses in cognitive science: students from one discipline lack an adequate background in the other disciplines crucial to the subject, and, even within their own discipline, students often don't possess the historical perspective necessary to understand how contemporary problems arose and why they are important. Harnish's rich and well-informed book is designed to solve both of these problems and it succeeds admirably." Stephen Stich, Rutgers University.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780631212607
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 10/16/2001
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 468
  • Product dimensions: 6.02 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.32 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert M. Harnish is Professor of Philosophy and Linguistics, and Research Scientist in Cognitive Science at the University of Arizona. He is co-author, with Adrian Akmajian, of Linguistics (Fifth Edition, 2000), and, with Kent Bach, of Linguistic Communication and Speech Acts (1979) his is also editor of Basic Topics in the Philosophy of Language (1994), and co-editor of Neural Connections, Mental Computation (1989), and The Representation of Knowledge and Belief (1986).

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

List of Figures.

Preface.

Acknowledgements.

Introduction: What is Cognitive Science?.

Broad Construal.

Narrow Construal.

Cognition: Broad and Narrow.

Computation: Broad and Narrow.

The Working Conception of Cognitive Science.

Appendix: 1978 Sloan Report.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

Part I: Historical Background:.

Introduction.

1. Associationism.

Introduction: What is Associationism?.

Generic Empiricist Associationism.

Varieties of Associationism.

Locke and James.

The End of Classical Associationism.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

2. Behaviorism and Cognitivism.

Introduction.

The Rise of Behaviorism and Stimulus-Response Psychology.

Challenges to Behaviorism and Stimulus-Response Psychology.

Cognitivism: Information Processing Psychology.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

3. Biological Background.

Introduction.

Brain Ventricles vs. Brain Substance.

Cortical Localization vs. Holism.

Nerve Net Theory vs. the Neuron Doctrine.

The First Half of the Twentieth Century.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

4. Neuro-Logical Background.

Introduction.

Neural Networks and the Logic of Propositions.

Perceptrons.

Linear Separability and XOR: McCulloch and Pitts Nets and Perceptrons.

Simple Detector Semantics.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

Part II: The Digital Computational Theory of Mind:.

Introduction.

5. A Sample Artificial Intelligence Model: SHRDLU.

Introduction.

SHRDLU Dialogue.

The Program.

Limitations.

Historical Role of SHRDLU.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

6. Architecture(s).

Introduction: Some Preliminary Concepts.

Turing Machines.

von Neumann Machines.

Production Systems.

Intermezzo: Pandemonium.

Taxonomizing Architectures (I).

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

7. Representation(s).

Introduction: The Variety of Representations: Some Standard High Level Formats.

The Nature of Digital Computational Representation.

Interpretational Semantics.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

8. The Digital Computational Theory of Mind.

Introduction.

From the Representational Theory of Mind to the Computational Theory of Mind.

The Digital Computational Theory of Mind and the Language of Thought.

DCTM and the Mind-Body Problem.

DCTM and Representational Content.

DCTM and Consciousness (I).

Modular (Cognitive) Architectures.

Appendix: Modularity: Gall vs. Fodor.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

9. Criticisms of the Digital Computational Theory of Mind.

Introduction: The Turing Test (Again).

Against Strong AI: Searle and the Chinese Room.

The Digital Computational Mind in the Chinese Room.

The DCTM and Consciousness (II).

The DCTM and Mental Content.

Against Cognitivism.

DCTM Hardward and the Brain.

The Domain and Scope of the DCTM.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

Part III: Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind:.

Introduction.

10. Sample Connectionist Networks.

Introduction.

Jets and Sharks.

NETtalk.

Study Questions.

Further Reading.

11. Connectionism: Basic Notions and Variations.

Introduction.

Basic Notions and Terminology.

Learning and Training.

Representation(s).

Generic Connectionism.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

12. The Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind.

Introduction.

The Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind.

Motivations for the CCTM.

A Bit of History: Connectionism and Associationism.

Interpreting Connectionism: PTC.

Taxonomizing Architectures (II).

Appendix: Connectionism and Turing's Unorganized Machines.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

13. Criticisms of the Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind.

Introduction.

Differences: The CCTM and the Brain.

CCTM: Lures of Connectionism.

CCTM and The Chinese Gym.

CCTM and Propositional Attitudes.

CCTM Detector Semantics.

CCTM: Problems and Prospects.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

Coda: Computation for Cognitive Science or What IS a Computer, Anyway?.

Introduction.

Functional View of Computers.

Levels of Description View of Computers.

Combined Functional-Descriptive View of Computers.

Levels of Computation: Stabler.

Digital and Connectionist Computers.

Is Everything a Computer?.

Study Questions.

Suggested Reading.

Bibliography.

Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)