Mining, the Environment, and Indigenous Development Conflicts

Mining, the Environment, and Indigenous Development Conflicts

by Saleem H. Ali
     
 

ISBN-10: 0816528799

ISBN-13: 9780816528790

Pub. Date: 08/15/2009

Publisher: University of Arizona Press


From sun-baked Black Mesa to the icy coast of Labrador, native lands for decades have endured mining ventures that have only lately been subject to environmental laws and a recognition of treaty rights. Yet conflicts surrounding mining development and indigenous peoples continue to challenge policy-makers.

This book gets to the heart of resource conflicts and

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Overview


From sun-baked Black Mesa to the icy coast of Labrador, native lands for decades have endured mining ventures that have only lately been subject to environmental laws and a recognition of treaty rights. Yet conflicts surrounding mining development and indigenous peoples continue to challenge policy-makers.

This book gets to the heart of resource conflicts and environmental impact assessment by asking why indigenous communities support environmental causes in some cases of mining development but not in others. Saleem Ali examines environmental conflicts between mining companies and indigenous communities and with rare objectivity offers a comparative study of the factors leading to those conflicts.

Mining, the Environment, and Indigenous Development Conflicts presents four cases from the United States and Canada: the Navajos and Hopis with Peabody Coal in Arizona; the Chippewas with the Crandon Mine proposal in Wisconsin; the Chipewyan Inuits, Déné and Cree with Cameco in Saskatchewan; and the Innu and Inuits with Inco in Labrador. These cases exemplify different historical relationships with government and industry and provide an instance of high and low levels of Native resistance in each country. Through these cases, Ali analyzes why and under what circumstances tribes agree to negotiated mining agreements on their lands, and why some negotiations are successful and others not.

Ali challenges conventional theories of conflict based on economic or environmental cost-benefit analysis, which do not fully capture the dynamics of resistance. He proposes that the underlying issue has less to do with environmental concerns than with sovereignty, which often complicates relationships between tribes and environmental organizations. Activist groups, he observes, fail to understand such tribal concerns and often have problems working with tribes on issues where they may presume a common environmental interest.

This book goes beyond popular perceptions of environmentalism to provide a detailed picture of how and when the concerns of industry, society, and tribal governments may converge and when they conflict. As demands for domestic energy exploration increase, it offers clear guidance for such endeavors when native lands are involved.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780816528790
Publisher:
University of Arizona Press
Publication date:
08/15/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
254
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
Introduction
List of Abbreviations
Pt. ICommunities of Interest and Emergent Conflict
1Mining on Indigenous Lands: The North American Experience3
2The Resistance Brokers: Environmental NGOs and Mining23
3Mining Companies and Management Dilemmas: The Cost of Business37
4The Embedded Stakeholder: Governmental Strata in the United States and Canada52
Pt. IIAnalyzing Resistance
5From Nain to Navajo: The Stories behind the Scenery77
6Science and Elements of Social Construction: Some Shadow Hypotheses104
7Indigenous-Environmentalist Relations: External Influence and Resistance Outcomes122
8Ambiguous Property: The Linkage Politics of Land Claims140
Pt. IIIThe Prescriptive Synthesis
9Resistance and Cooperation: Understanding Indigenous Proclivities161
10Planning for Sustainable Development: Some Advice for Stakeholders183
App. 1Highlights of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement207
App. 2Technical Concerns Regarding the Voisey's Bay Project209
App. 3Questionable Mining-Land Dispute Linkages Used by Activists211
App. 4Charles Lipton's Eighteen Points on Indian Mineral Leasing213
App. 5Marjane Ambler's Suggestions on Aboriginal Negotiations for the Minerals Industry215
Notes217
Works Consulted229
Index245

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