Minorities in the Middle East: A History of Struggle and Self-Expression / Edition 2

Minorities in the Middle East: A History of Struggle and Self-Expression / Edition 2

by Mordechai Nisan
     
 

ISBN-10: 0786413751

ISBN-13: 9780786413751

Pub. Date: 09/06/2002

Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers

Nisan (Middle East studies, Hebrew U. of Jerusalem) describes the political struggles of non-Arab or non-Muslim ethnic groups in the Islamic world, including the Kurds, Berbers, Baluch, Druzes, Armenians, Maronites, Sudanese Christians, and Egyptian Copts. Each ethnic group is accorded separate treatment, with discussion of their cultural identity, geographic…  See more details below

Overview

Nisan (Middle East studies, Hebrew U. of Jerusalem) describes the political struggles of non-Arab or non-Muslim ethnic groups in the Islamic world, including the Kurds, Berbers, Baluch, Druzes, Armenians, Maronites, Sudanese Christians, and Egyptian Copts. Each ethnic group is accorded separate treatment, with discussion of their cultural identity, geographic location, and early history accompanied by examinations of modern political and military struggles that emphasize the relative effectiveness of the formation of international diplomatic strategies. Annotation c. Book News, Inc.,Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780786413751
Publisher:
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date:
09/06/2002
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
351
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface1
1Introduction: The Middle Eastern Mosaic3
States and Nations9
Minorities in the Middle East13
The Debate About Minorities21
Principles and Means of Conflict Resolution23
Part IMuslim Minorities
2Kurds: A Legacy of Struggle and Suffering33
Kurdish Life Under Islam34
Toward Independence in Kurdistan37
The Mahabad Episode40
Liberation as Rebellion41
Kurdish Persistence and Powerlessness46
Self-Rule and National Division in the 1990s51
3Berbers: Between Rebellion and Submission54
Religiously Syncretic, Communally Exotic55
The French Invasion and Berber Militancy60
The Episode of Riffian Independence61
Kabylia and the Front de Liberation National (FLN)64
Arab Statehood and the Berbers66
New Circumstances and Old Problems73
4Baluch: From Obscurity to Geostrategic Importance76
Toward Independence in Baluchistan77
State Repression and International Opportunity80
Between Afghanistan and the Persian Gulf85
Part IIHeterodox Muslim Minorities
5Druzes: Freedom Without Independence93
Religion and Its Precepts95
Druze Warfare Within and Without98
Druze Particularity in Mideast States102
Survival Without Sovereignty112
6'Alawites: To Power and the Unknown114
Mysterious Sectarianism115
'Alawite Statehood and the French118
Military Professionalism, Political Pretensions119
The Assad Regime122
An Uncertain Gamble128
Part IIIChristian Minorities
7Copts: From Majority People to Minority Religion133
Religious and Communal Identity134
During the French and British Years138
Facing Islam, Arabism, and Egyptian Independence141
Insecurity and Abandonment147
8Armenians: Talent, Tragedy, and Territorial Loss156
Christianity and National Character157
Toward Independence in Armenia162
The First Genocide of the Twentieth Century167
Dispersion and Statehood172
Revenge, Not Revolution174
9Assyrians: An Ancient People, a Perennial Struggle180
Facing Antiquity, Christianity, and Islam181
The Church, Facing East and West183
Toward Assyrian Independence and Failure186
Dispersion and Revitalization190
10Maronites: Sophistication and Missed Opportunities195
Lebanon's European Connection196
Ottoman Days, Maronite Nights200
Toward Independence in Lebanon204
Between Statehood and Sectarianism207
Maronite Decline and the Lebanese War213
Syrian Occupation and Israeli Withdrawal220
11Sudanese Christians: Tribulations and War in Black Africa223
Christianity in the Jungle224
Southern Subjugation and Slavery225
British Rule: Toward Southern Freedom and Back229
Sudanese Independence and Southern Rebellion231
War: Religious, Regional, and Russian Factors236
Change and Continuity in the Southern Struggle240
Part IVJews, Israel, and Other Middle Eastern Minorities
12Jews: Zionist Achievement, Lingering Question249
Judaism: A Religion and a Nationality250
The Everlasting Homeland253
Survival Despite Dispersion255
Toward Jewish Independence in Eretz-Israel259
The Key to Zionist Success263
The Dhimmi Syndrome265
The Problematics of Arab Opposition268
13Jews, Israel, and the Minorities272
The Middle Eastern Minority Equation272
Mythology and Memorabilia276
Minority Connections278
14Conclusions296
The Elusiveness of Political Rule: A Comparison298
Minority Mobilization and the Crusader Case301
Minority Particularity and the Israeli Case304
Peoples and State Across the Region305
The Middle East and the World307
Notes311
Select Bibliography337
Name Index339

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