Mitochondria / Edition 2

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Overview

"This volume inspires. It certainly will be much appreciated by cell biologists all over the world."
Quarterly Review of Biology, March 2009

This book is the eagerly awaited second edition of the best-selling Mitochondria, a book widely acknowledged as the first modern, truly comprehensive authored work on the important, scientifically fundamental topic of the cellular organelles known as mitochondria.

This new edition brings readers completely up to date on the many significant findings that have occurred in the eight years since the book was first published. As in that seminal first edition, the second edition tackles the biochemistry, genetics, and pathology of mitochondria in different organisms. The new edition provides thorough updates of all literature concerning this vital organelle, its functions, ongoing research surrounding it, and its importance vis-à-vis a broad range of issues in cellular and molecular biology. The book includes detailed descriptions of current and developing technologies around mitochondrial research and discovery, and highlights subjects that are growing, such as the use of proteomics.

This book is an invaluable resource for all geneticists, biologists, and educators in life sciences. It is also of interest for advanced students in genetics and molecular biology.

Disc. biochemistry, cell biology & molecular genetics; func- tional characteristics, regulatory mechanism, etc.

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Editorial Reviews

Journal American Aging Association
...very valuable, [...] I doubt that anyone could have done better.
Cell Biology International
...it is up-to-date, remarkably comprehensive yet concise and contains something for everyone...a wide range of 'Cell Biologists' will find this book valuable.
From the Publisher
"This volume inspires. It certainly will be much appreciated by cell biologists all over the world." (Quarterly Review of Biology, March 2009)

"Scheffler of California San Diego uses crisp, clear writing style and employs a broad perspective of current research and understanding of mitochondria." (CHOICE, April 2008)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470040737
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 11/9/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 484
  • Sales rank: 1,147,860
  • Product dimensions: 6.38 (w) x 9.37 (h) x 1.22 (d)

Meet the Author

Immo E. Scheffler, PhD, is Professor in the Division of Biology (Molecular Biology Section) at the University of California, San Diego. In addition to this well-received book, Dr. Scheffler has more than 100 original publications in scientific literature and has written numerous book chapters.

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Table of Contents

I. HISTORY.

References.

II. EVOLUTIONARY ORIGIN OF MITOCHONDRIA.

References.

III. STRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY. INTEGRATION INTO THE CELL.

3.1 Structure and Morphology.

3.2 Integration into the Cell.

3.2.1 Distribution in the Cytosol.

3.2.2 Interaction with Cytoskeleton.

3.3. The dynamics of mitochondrial morpholoy.

3.3.1 Mitochondrial Shape Changes.

3.3.1.1 Fission.

3.3.1.2 Fusion.

3.3.2. Distribution during Cell Division.

3.3.3. During Cell Differentiation.

3.3.4. Turnover and Degradation.

3.3.5. Mitochondrial Alterations in Apoptosis.

3.3.6. Unsolved Problems for the Future.

References.

IV. BIOGENESIS OF MITOCHONDRIA.

4.1 The Mitochondrial Genome.

4.1.1. Introduction.

4.1.2. The Mitochondrial Genome in Metazoans.

4.1.3. The Mitochondrial Genome in Plants.

4.1.4. The Mitochondrial Genome in Fungi.

4.1.5. The Mitochondrial Genome in Kinetoplastid Protozoa.

4.1.6. Mitochondrial Plasmids.

4.1.6.1. Fungal senescence.

4.1.6.2. Phytopathogenicity.

4.1.6.3. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS).

4.2 Nuclear Genes encoding Mitochondrial Proteins.

4.2.1. Enzymes Required for Maintenance and Expression of the Mitochondrial.

Genome.

4.2.2. Nucleo-mitochondrial Interactions.

4.2.2.1 Introduction..

4.2.2.2. In Yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

4.2.2.3 Regulation of nuclear respiratory genes in mammalian cells.

4.2.2.4. Co-evolution of nuclear and mitochondrial genomes.

4.3 Replication and Maintenance of Mitochondrial DNA.

4.3.1. DNA Replication in Mammalian Mitochondria.

4.3.2. mtDNA Repair in Mammalian Mitochondria.

4.3.3. Recombination in Mammalian Mitochondria.

4.3.4. mtDNA Maintenance and Replication in other Organisms.

4.4 Transcription of Mitochondrial DNA - RNA Metabolism.

4.4.1. Transcription in Mammalian Mitochondria.

4.4.2. Transcription of mtDNA in the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

4.4.3. Transcription of mtDNA in Plant Mitochondria.

4.4.4. Transcriptional Termination.

4.4.5. RNA Processing in Mitochondria.

4.4.6. RNA Editing in Kinetoplastid Protozoa.

4.4.7. Editing in Plant Mitochondria.

4.4.8. Control of mRNA Levels by Turnover.

4.5 Translation of mitochondrial mRNAs.

4.5.1. Introduction.

4.5.2. Codon usage and tRNA structure.

4.5.3. Mitochondrial Ribosomes.

4.5.4. Cis-acting Elements.

4.5.5. Translation factors.

4.6 Protein Import into Mitochondria.

4.6.1. Mitochondrial targeting of proteins.

4.6.2. The Protein Import Machinery of Mitochondria.

4.7 Import of tRNA into Mitochondria.

4.8 Regulated Protein Degradation in Mitochondria.

References.

V. MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSFER AND OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.

5.1 Historical Introduction.

5.2 The Electron Transport Chain.

5.2.1. The Biochemical Components.

5.2.2 Physical Separation of the Complexes of the ETC.

5.2.2.1 Biochemical Fractionations.

5.2.2.2 Supercomplexes.

5.2.3 Introduction to Bioenergetics.

5.2.4 Complex I.

5.2.5 Complex II.

5.2.6 Complex III.

5.2.7 Complex IV.

5.2.8 The Assembly of the Electron Transport Chain Complexes.

5.3 Electron Transport in Other Organisms.

5.3.1. NAD(P)H Dehydrogenases.

5.3.2. A Cyanide-Insensitive Electron Pathway.

5.3.3. NADH Oxidation in Yeasts.

5.3.4. Energy metabolism and NADH oxidation in Trypanosomes.

5.4 The Chemiosmotic Hypothesis.

5.4.1. The Mitchell Hypothesis.

5.4.2. The Q cycle.

5.4.3. Probing the Mitochondrial Membrane Potential with Fluorescent Dyes.

5.5 ATP Synthase (F1Fo-ATPase).

5.5.1. Introduction.

5.5.2. X-ray Structure.

5.5.3. ATP Synthesis and Catalytic Mechanisms.

5.5.4. The Fo subcomplex and Proton Flow.

5.5.5. Assembly of Complex V and Dimerization.

5.6 Control of Respiration and Oxidative Phosphorylation.

5.6.1. General Considerations.

5.6.2. The Uncoupling Proteins in Warm-blooded Animals.

5.6.3. Uncoupling in Other Organisms.

5.7. Reactive Oxygen Species.

5.8 Nitric Oxide (NO).

5.9 The Role of Specific Lipids.

References.

VI. METABOLIC PATHWAYS INSIDE MITOCHONDRIA.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 The Krebs Cycle.

6.3 Fatty Acid Metabolism.

6.4 The Urea Cycle.

6.5 Biosynthesis of Heme.

6.6 Cardiolipin and Lipid Biosynthesis/Metabolism.

6.7 Biosynthesis of Ubiquinol (Coenzyme Q).

6.8 Biosynthesis of Fe-S Centers.

6.9 Transport of small solutes into and out of mitochondria.

6.9.1 Introduction.

6.9.2 Porin alias VDAC.

6.9.3 The ADP/ATP translocator.

6.9.4 The Mitochondrial Carrier Protein Family.

6.9.5 Cation transport.

6.9.6 The mitochondrial permeability transition.

References.

VII. MITOCHONDRIAL MUTATIONS AND DISEASE.

7.1 General Introduction.

7.2 In Cell Culture.

7.2.1. Mitochondrial Mutations in Microorganisms.

7.2.2. Mitochondrial Mutations in Mammalian Cells in Culture.

7.3 Molecular Genetics of Human Mitochondrial Diseases.

7.3.1. Introduction.

7.3.2. Maternal vs. Sporadic Inheritance.

7.3.3. Mapping mtDNA deletions/rearrangements.

7.3.4. mtDNA Point Mutations and Maternal Inheritance.

7.3.5. Mitochondria and Oogenesis.

7.3.6. Clinical Aspects of Mitochondrial DNA Mutations.

7.3.6.1. MtDNA deletions - Kearns Sayre Syndrome and Pearson Syndrome.

7.3.6.2 Point mutations.

7.3.6.2.1 Leber's hereditary optical neuropathy (LHON).

7.3.6.2.2. Neuropathy, ataxia, retinitis pigmentosa (NARP).

7.3.6.2.3. MELAS, MERRF, and MIMyCa.

7.3.6.2.4. Sensori-neural hearing loss.

7.3.7 Nuclear Mutations and Mitochondrial Disease.

7.3.7.1 Defective electron transport chain.

7.3.7.2. MtDNA maintenance and replication.

7.3.7.3. Friedreich's ataxia.

7.3.7.4. Deafness and Dystonia syndrome (Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome).

7.3.8. Conclusion.

7.4 Mitochondrial DNA and Aging.

7.4.1. Introduction.

7.4.2. Accumulation of mtDNA Damage and Normal Aging.

7.4.3. Neurodegenerative Diseases.

7.4.3.1. Parkinson's Disease.

7.4.3.2. Alzheimer's Disease.

7.4.3.3. Huntington's Disease.

7.4.3.4. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

7.5 Mitochondria and Apoptosis.

7.6 Fungal Senescence.

7.7 Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Plants.

References.

VIII. MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCING AND ANTHROPOLOGY.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Human Evolution.

8.3 Primate Evolution.

8.4 Human Y chromosome variation.

8.5 Forensic Applications.

8.6 Future Challenges.

References.

IX. MITOCHONDRIA AND PHARMACOLOGY.

9.1. Introduction.

References.

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