Mixed Plastics Recycling Technology

Mixed Plastics Recycling Technology

by Bruce Hegberg, William H. Hallenbeck, Gary R. Brenniman
     
 

Presents an overview of mixed plastics recycling technology. In addition, it characterizes mixed plastics wastes and describes collection methods, costs, and markets for reprocessed plastics products.See more details below

Overview

Presents an overview of mixed plastics recycling technology. In addition, it characterizes mixed plastics wastes and describes collection methods, costs, and markets for reprocessed plastics products.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815512974
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
06/01/1992
Pages:
220
Sales rank:
932,404
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Pt. IMixed Plastics Recycling--Characterization, Collection, Costs, Markets
Summary3
1Introduction7
1.1National Production and Recycling Levels of Plastics11
1.2Plastics in Municipal Solid Waste15
1.3Mixed Plastics in Post-Consumer Recycling17
2Characterization, Generation and Collection of Plastics19
2.1Field Assessment of Plastic Types in Municipal Solid Waste19
2.2Mixed Plastics in Recycling Programs23
New Jersey23
Hennepin County, Minnesota26
Walnut Creek, California29
Akron, Ohio29
Ontario, Canada30
Seattle, Washington30
PS Collection Data30
2.3Per Capita Generation31
2.4Commercial and Food Sector Sources of Waste Plastic39
2.5Post-Consumer Plastic Weights42
2.6Summary42
3Plastics Recycling Programs44
3.1Curbside Collection of Plastics in Illinois44
3.2Film/Rigid Plastics Recycling44
4Recycling Costs51
4.1Recycling Program Variables51
4.2Recycling Costs52
Madison, Wisconsin Recycling Cost Estimate52
Minneapolis, Minnesota Plastic Recycling Cost Estimate55
Other Recycling Cost Estimates58
4.3Collection Times58
4.4Recycling Truck Costs and Truck Collection Methods for Plastics61
4.5Process Cost62
4.6Cost Estimate Computer Programs63
Eastman Chemical63
Wasteplan65
Least-Cost Scheduling65
5Markets and Packaging Changes for Recycled Plastics70
5.1Recycled Resin Demand70
5.2Packaging Changes to Increase Recycle Rates72
5.3Markets in Primary Recycling74
5.4Markets in Secondary Recycling75
Appendix A: Recycling Vehicle Equipment Manufacturers78
Appendix B: Glossary80
References83
Pt. IIRecycling Technology
Summary89
1Introduction94
1.1Plastics in Municipal Solid Waste94
1.2Plastic Resin Production and Product Manufacture96
Resin Manufacture96
Additives100
Product Manufacture100
Extrusion Molding102
Blow Molding103
Injection Molding106
Film Manufacture107
Melt Flow Indexes107
2Manufacture of Plastic Lumber Using Mixed Plastics110
2.1Plastic Wood Producers111
2.2Plastic Wood Production111
2.3General Guidelines for Plastic Lumber Manufacturing115
2.4Products from Mixed Plastic Lumber116
2.5Enhancement of Plastic Wood Properties116
2.6Wood Fiber-Resin Composite Lumber119
2.7Future of Mixed Plastic Lumber119
3Emerging Methods for Processing and Separation of Plastics120
3.1Optical Color Sorting of Glass and PET Containers120
3.2Separation of PVC Bottles from Other Plastic Containers126
3.3Separation of HDPE Base Cups from PET Beverage Bottles130
3.4Separation Using Selective Dissolution134
3.5Separation Using Soluble Acrylic Polymers141
3.6Initial Activities in Polyurethane Recycling142
3.7Initial Activities in Automotive Plastics Recycling142
Identification of Plastic Auto Parts142
Solvent Dissolution of Plastic Auto Shredder Residue143
Pyrolyzing of Auto Thermosets144
3.8Sources of Plastic Recycling Information and Plastic Recycling Systems144
4Buyers and Specifications for Waste Plastics145
4.1Buyers of Waste Plastic145
4.2Specifications for Waste Plastic147
Appendix A: Plastic Scrap Handlers and Brokers151
Appendix B: Sources of Information on Plastics Recycling185
Appendix C: Manufacturers of Plastic Recycling Equipment191
Appendix D: Glossary200
References205

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