Mobile Robots: Navigation, Control and Remote Sensing / Edition 1

Hardcover (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
$90.18
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $51.98
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 51%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (19) from $51.98   
  • New (13) from $68.40   
  • Used (6) from $51.98   

Overview

An important feature of this book is the particular combination of topics included. These are (1) control, (2) navigation and (3) remote sensing, all with application to mobile robots. Much of the material is readily extended to any type ground vehicle.

In the controls area, robot steering is the issue. Both linear and nonlinear models are treated. Various control schemes are utilized, and through these applications the reader is introduced to methods such as: (1) Linearization and use of linear control design methods for control about a reference trajectory, (2) Use of Lyapunov stability theory for nonlinear control design, (3) Derivation of optimal control strategies via Pontryagin’s maximum principle, (4) Derivation of a local coordinate system which is fundamental for the steering of vehicles along a path never before traversed. This local coordinate system has application regardless of the control design methods utilized.

In the navigation area, various coordinate systems are introduced, and the transformations among them are derived. (1) The Global Positioning System (GPS) is introduced and described in significant detail. (2) Also introduced and discussed are inertial navigation systems (INS). These two methods are treated in terms of their ability to provide vehicle position as well as attitude. A preceding chapter is devoted to coordinate rotations and transformations since they play an important role in the understanding of this body of theory.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470630211
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 6/28/2011
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 324
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

GERALD COOK, ScD, is the Earle C. Williams Professor of Electrical Engineering and past chairman of electrical and computer engineering at George Mason University. He was previously chairman of electrical and biomedical engineering at Vanderbilt University and professor of electrical engineering at the University of Virginia. He is a Life Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), as well as a recipient of the IEEE Centennial Award and the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IES) Mittelmann Achievement Award. He is a former president of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society and a former editor–in-chief of the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Introduction xiii

1 Kinematic Models for Mobile Robots 1

1.0 Introduction, 1

1.1 Vehicles with Front-Wheel Steering, 1

1.2 Vehicles with Differential-Drive Steering, 5

Exercises, 8

References, 9

2 Mobile Robot Control 11

2.0 Introduction, 11

2.1 Front-Wheel Steered Vehicle, Heading Control, 11

2.2 Front-Wheel Steered Vehicle, Speed Control, 22

2.3 Heading and Speed Control for the Differential-Drive Robot, 23

2.4 Reference Trajectory and Incremental Control, Front-Wheel Steered Robot, 26

2.5 Heading Control of Front-Wheel Steered Robot Using the Nonlinear Model, 32

2.6 Computed Control for Heading and Velocity, Front-Wheel Steered Robot, 36

2.7 Heading Control of Differential Drive Robot Using the Nonlinear Model, 38

2.8 Computed Control for Heading and Velocity, Differential-Drive Robot, 39

2.9 Steering Control Along a Path Using a Local Coordinate Frame, 41

2.10 Optimal Steering of Front-Wheel Steered Vehicle, 54

2.11 Optimal Steering of Front-Wheel Steered Vehicle, Free Final Heading Angle, 75

Exercises, 77

References, 78

3 Robot Attitude 79

3.0 Introduction, 79

3.1 Defi nition of Yaw, Pitch and Roll, 79

3.2 Rotation Matrix for Yaw, 80

3.3 Rotation Matrix for Pitch, 82

3.4 Rotation Matrix for Roll, 84

3.5 General Rotation Matrix, 86

3.6 Homogeneous Transformation, 88

3.7 Rotating a Vector, 92

Exercises, 93

References, 94

4 Robot Navigation 95

4.0 Introduction, 95

4.1 Coordinate Systems, 95

4.2 Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed Coordinate System, 96

4.3 Associated Coordinate Systems, 98

4.4 Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) Coordinate System, 102

4.5 Global Positioning System, 104

4.6 Computing Receiver Location Using GPS, Numerical Methods, 108

4.6.1 Computing Receiver Location Using GPS via Newton’s Method, 108

4.6.2 Computing Receiver Location Using GPS via Minimization of a Performance Index, 116

4.7 Array of GPS Antennas, 123

4.8 Gimbaled Inertial Navigation Systems, 126

4.9 Strap-Down Inertial Navigation Systems, 131

4.10 Dead Reckoning or Deduced Reckoning, 137

4.11 Inclinometer/Compass, 138

Exercises, 142

References, 147

5 Application of Kalman Filtering 149

5.0 Introduction, 149

5.1 Estimating a Fixed Quantity Using Batch Processing, 149

5.2 Estimating a Fixed Quantity Using

Recursive Processing, 151

5.3 Estimating the State of a Dynamic System Recursively, 156

5.4 Estimating the State of a Nonlinear System via the Extended Kalman Filter, 169

Exercises, 185

References, 189

6 Remote Sensing 191

6.0 Introduction, 191

6.1 Camera Type Sensors, 191

6.2 Stereo Vision, 202

6.3 Radar Sensing: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), 206

6.4 Pointing of Range Sensor at Detected Object, 212

6.5 Detection Sensor in Scanning Mode, 217

Exercises, 222

References, 223

7 Target Tracking Including Multiple Targets with Multiple Sensors 225

7.0 Introduction, 225

7.1 Regions of Confidence for Sensors, 225

7.2 Model of Target Location, 232

7.3 Inventory of Detected Targets, 239

Exercises, 244

References, 245

8 Obstacle Mapping and its Application to Robot Navigation 247

8.0 Introduction, 247

8.1 Sensors for Obstacle Detection and Geo-Registration, 248

8.2 Dead Reckoning Navigation, 249

8.3 Use of Previously Detected Obstacles for Navigation, 252

8.4 Simultaneous Corrections of Coordinates of Detected Obstacles and of the Robot, 258

Exercises, 262

References, 263

9 Operating a Robotic Manipulator 265

9.0 Introduction, 265

9.1 Forward Kinematic Equations, 265

9.2 Path Specifi cation in Joint Space, 269

9.3 Inverse Kinematic Equations, 271

9.4 Path Specifi cation in Cartesian Space, 276

9.5 Velocity Relationships, 284

9.6 Forces and Torques, 289

Exercises, 292

References, 293

10 Remote Sensing via UAVS 295

10.0 Introduction, 295

10.1 Mounting of Sensors, 295

10.2 Resolution of Sensors, 296

10.3 Precision of Vehicle Instrumentation, 297

10.4 Overall Geo-Registration Precision, 298

Exercises, 300

References, 300

Appendix A Demonstrations of Undergraduate Student Robotic Projects 301

A.0 Introduction, 301

A.1 Demonstration of the GEONAVOD Robot, 301

A.2 Demonstration of the Automatic Balancing Robotic Bicycle (ABRB), 302

See demonstration videos at http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470630213.html

Index 305

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)