Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine / Edition 1by Lorenzo Magnani
Pub. Date: 07/28/2007
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the international conference Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Medicine (MBR’06 China), held at Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, P.R. China in July 2006. The presentations given at the conference explored how scientific thinking uses models and explanatory reasoning to produce creative changes in
The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the international conference Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Medicine (MBR’06 China), held at Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, P.R. China in July 2006. The presentations given at the conference explored how scientific thinking uses models and explanatory reasoning to produce creative changes in theories and concepts. Some addressed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology, and stressed the issue of technological innovation and medical reasoning. The various contributions of the book are written by interdisciplinary researchers who are active in the area of creative reasoning in science and technology: the most recent results and achievements about the topics above are illustrated in detail in the papers.
Table of ContentsAbduction, Problem Solving, and Practical Reasoning.- Animal Abduction.- Communicative Gestures Facilitate Problem Solving for Both Communicators and Recipients.- The Concept of Fallacy is Empty.- Abductive Reasoning, Information, and Mechanical Systems.- Automated Abduction in Scientific Discovery.- Abduction, Medical Semeiotics and Semioethics.- Abduction and Modeling in Biosemiotics and Sociosemiotics.- Reason out Emergence from Cellular Automata Modeling.- Belief Ascription and De Re Communication.- Multiagent-Based Simulation in Biology.- Mathematics through Diagrams: Microscopes in Non-Standard and Smooth Analysis.- Models, Mental Models, Representations, and Medical Reasoning.- Cognition, Environment and the Collapse of Civilizations.- Cognitive Aspects of Tacit Knowledge and Cultural Diversity.- The Functional-Analogical Explanation in Chinese Science and Technology.- Model-Based Reasoning and Diagnosis in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).- Model-Based Reasoning in Cognitive Science.- An Examination of Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Medicine in India.- Ontology, Artefacts, and Models of Reasoning.- The Wondering Angels of the Fractal Art.- Logical and Computational Aspects of Model-Based Reasoning.- Polynomizing: Logic Inference in Polynomial Format and the Legacy of Boole.- Abductive Inference and Iterated Conditionals.- Peircean Pragmatic Truth and da Costa’s Quasi-Truth.- Sliding Mode Motion Control Strategies for Rigid Robot Manipulators.- Model-Based Chemical Compound Formulation.- Model-Based Reasoning for Self-Repair of Autonomous Mobile Robots.- Application of Bayesian Inference to Automatic Semantic Annotation of Videos.- An Algebraic Approach to Model-Based Diagnosis.- CYBERNARD: A Computational Reconstruction of Claude Bernard's Scientific Discoveries.- Do Computational Models of Reading Need a Bit of Semantics?.
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