Model Systems to Study the Excretory Function of Higher Plants

Overview

The secretory activity of plants is a manifestation of the fundamental property of all living organisms: the ability to exchange substances and energy with the environment. This book summarizes today’s knowledge of all such secretory activities of higher plants. It equally considers the cellular aspects, intratissular and external secretion, gas excretion and the excretion of substances under extreme conditions as well as the biological effects of plant excreta. The first edition of the book was published in ...
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Overview

The secretory activity of plants is a manifestation of the fundamental property of all living organisms: the ability to exchange substances and energy with the environment. This book summarizes today’s knowledge of all such secretory activities of higher plants. It equally considers the cellular aspects, intratissular and external secretion, gas excretion and the excretion of substances under extreme conditions as well as the biological effects of plant excreta. The first edition of the book was published in Russian in Moscow in 1989 (Nauka Publishing House), then the English larger variant – in Heidelberg-Berlin 1993 (Springer-Verlag).
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789401787857
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 10/3/2014
  • Edition description: 2014
  • Pages: 183

Table of Contents

Preface.- Introduction.- 1. Approaches to Choice of Model Systems for Microscopic Studies.- 1.1. Colour and Absorbance in Analysis.- 1.1.1. Usual Microscopy and Stereomicroscopy.- 1.2.1. Auto fluorescence of Secretory Components.- 1.2.2. Special Fluorescent Probes or Markers.- 1.2.3. Fluorescence-related Technique.- 1.2.3.1. Luminescence Microscopy.- 1.2.3.2. Microspectrofluorimetry.- 1.2.3.3. Confocal Microscopy.- 1.2.3.4. Images and the Fluorescence Spectra of Cells in Cytodiagnostics.- 1.3. Cellular Observation of Secretory Process.- 1.3.1. Secretion Transport and Excretion.- 1.3.2. Reactions of Models – Acceptors Sensitive to Secretory Products.- 2. Intact Secretory Cells as Models – Donors of Secretions.- 2.1. Intracellular Secretion.- 2.1.1. Models of Secretion into Vacuole.- 2.1.1.1. Models with Pigments in Vacuoles.- 2.1.1.2. Models for Analysis of Alkaloids’ Accumulation in Isolated Vacuole.- 2.1. Intratissue Secretory Systems.- 2.2.1. Laticifers as Models.- 2.2.2. Idioblasts.- 2.3. External Secretion.- 2.3.1. Secretion into Free Space.- 2.3.2. Models of External Secretions.- 2.3.2.1. Single Cell-Models.- 2.3.2.2. Multicellular Models.- 3. Models – Acceptors of Secretions and their Reactions on Exometabolites.- 3.1. Biosensors and their Sensitive Reactions.- 3.1.1. Exometabolites as Chemosignals.- 3.1.1.1. Amine-Containing Compounds in Secretions.- 3.1.1.2. Specific Compounds Excreted by Plants.- 3.1.1.3. Reactive Oxygen Species.- 3.1.2. Sensory Systems in Models-Acceptors.- 3.2. Sensitive-Reactions of Models to Exometabolites.- 3.2.1. Microspores as Biosensors.- 3.2.1.1. Effects of Complex Excretions.- 3.2.1.2. Effects of Amine-containing Compounds.- 3.2.1.3. Effects of Alkaloids.- 3.2.1.4. Effects of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpene Lactones.- 3.2.1.5. Effects of Proteins.- 3.2.1.6. Effects of Natural Oxidants and Antioxidants.- 3.2.1.7. Effects of Exometabolites on the Secretions from Microspores.- 3.2.2. Multicellular Biosensors.- 3.2.2.1. Changes in Fluorescence.- 3.2.2.2. Secretion from Cells.- 3.2.2.3. The Cholinesterase Activity as Indicator of Sensitivity to Excretory Products.- 4. Modeling of Cell-Cell Contacts.- 4.1. Modeling of Cell-Cell Contacts based on Microscopic Observation.- 4.1.1. Pollen-Pistil Interactions.- 4.1.1.1. Visualization of Pistil Stigma Reaction on Pollination.- 4.1.1.2. Individual Components in the Pollen-Pistil Contact. 4.1.2. Pollen-Pollen Interactions.- 4.1.2.1. LSCM Images of Fluorescence in Pollen-Pollen Interactions.- 4.1.2.2. The Germination Reactions in Pollen Mixtures.- 4.1.3. Direct Contacts at Plant-Animal or Plant-Microorganism Interactions.- 4.1.3.1. Plant-Insect Contacts.- 4.1.3.2. Plant-Worm contacts.- 4.1.3.3. Relations between Water-Grown Plants and Animals.- 4.1.3.4. Plant-Microorganism Contacts.- 4.2. Models to Study Pollen Allelopathy.- 4.2.1. Modeling of Interaction between Pollen-Donors and Pollen-Acceptors In Vivo and In Vitro.- 4.2.2. Modelling with Pollen Excretions.- 4.3. Modelling with Individual Components of Excretions as Markers and Dyes.- 4.3.1. Coloured and Fluorescing Compounds.- 4.3.2. Fluorescing Colorless Compounds.- 5. Application of Models in Pharmacology, Medicine and Ecology.- 5.1. Unicellular Models in Analysis of Effects Pharmaceuticals and Allelochemicals.- 5.1.1. Testing on Microspores.- 5.1.2. Staining of Cells with Extracts.- 5.2. Cellular Targets and Mechanisms of Action of Drugs and Allelochemicals.- 5.2.1. The Surface Targets.- 5.2.1.1. Reception and Ion Channels.- 5.2.1.2. Cholinestease as Sensor.- 5.2.1.3. Redox Reactions.- 5.2.2. Targets within Cell-Model.- 5.2.2.1. DNA-containing Organelles.- 5.2.2.2. Contractile Proteins.- 5.3. Application of Models in Environmental Monitoring.- Conclusion.- References.- Subject Index.- Latin Index.

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