Modern China / Edition 3

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The past hundred years in China have seen almost continuous transformation and upheaval. From Confucianist monarchy to warlordism, from fanatically doctrinaire socialist tyranny to almost doctrineless social-capitalism, China has experienced political, cultural and economic disintegration, reunion, and revolution on an unprecedented scale.

Beginning with the overthrow of the Emperor in 1911, Moise guides us through a century of ever-unfolding drama with characteristic clarity and balance. Examining the effects of the communist revolution, he argues that in the early days Mao Zedong established the most effective government China had ever known, and that even during the bizarre excesses and blood-letting of the Cultural Revolution, there were still issues that were dealt with in a rational and effective manner.

Moving on to the developments since the death of Mao in 1976, in a section fully revised and updated for this new edition, Moise gives a nuanced account of the two sides of China: its spectacularly successful programme of capitalist economic development, and its continuing dictatorship. He contends that dictatorship is now much less total than it was until the mid-70s; although dissenters are still persecuted, their very existence is evidence of a significant loosening of repression. However, there is a heavy price being paid for the Chinese economic miracle. The environmental effects of this boom already stretch well beyond the borders of China.

Modern China sends us a clear message: the rapid and fundamental change that has framed the last century has not slowed or stalled but acts as a pointer to the near certainty of significant further change. To understandChina's future we must understand its past.

About the Author:
Edwin E. Moise is Professor of History at Clemson University, South Carolina and a specialist in the history of China and Vietnam

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780582772779
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 6/25/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 296
  • Sales rank: 849,867
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

List of maps     viii
List of illustrations     ix
Acknowledgements     xi
Introductory note: Chinese names and Chinese geography     1
Writing Chinese names     1
Regional geography     4
The Chinese past     7
The birth of China     10
Confucianism     11
Legalism     13
Daoism     14
The unification of China     16
The coming of Buddhism     18
The later dynasties     20
Government and society under the Qing     23
Study questions     28
The collapse of the old order     29
The first Western impact     29
Internal problems     33
Foreign pressure increases     38
The Revolution of 1911     44
Yuan Shikai and the warlord era     47
The May Fourth Movement and the New Culture Movement     51
Study questions     53
The Communist Party and the First United Front     54
The coming of Communism     55
The First United Front     58
The Communist-Guomindang split     64
Study questions     68
TheNanjing decade, 1927-37     69
The Guomindang government at Nanjing     69
The Jiangxi Soviet     74
The Long March     84
The Japanese threat     88
The Second United Front     90
Study questions     91
World war and Communist victory     92
The war begins     92
Communism, nationalism, and the 'New Democracy'     97
Chiang and the United States     100
The 'Dixie Mission'     104
The Japanese surrender     105
The return to land reform     112
The final Communist victory     117
Study questions     121
The People's Republic of China, 1949-57     122
Reform in the countryside     124
Into the cities     128
The transition to socialism     131
Ideological remoulding and the 'Hundred Flowers'     135
The international position of the PRC     138
Study questions     144
The Great Leap and the great split     145
The Great Leap Forward     145
The Sino-Soviet split     151
Problems along the borders     155
Dispute in Beijing      159
Study questions     164
The Cultural Revolution     165
1966: 'To rebel is justified!'     169
The years of chaos: 1967-68     177
The initial results     184
Aftermath: 1969-76     186
Left and Right     188
International relations     193
Study questions     196
The post-Mao reforms     197
The deaths of Zhou and Mao     197
The question of individual freedom     206
China and the world     210
Economic reforms     213
Study questions     219
The era of Deng Xiaoping     220
The background to the democracy movement     222
Tiananmen     224
Politics after Tiananmen     229
Foreign relations     231
Hong Kong and Taiwan     234
Facing the future: population pressures     237
Study questions     239
The boom years     241
Economic reform once again     241
Money to spend     245
Massive inequalities     248
A stable political system?     253
Foreign relations     257
Hong Kong and Taiwan      259
Issues of religion     261
Issues of freedom     263
China's prospects     266
Study questions     268
Suggestions for further reading     269
Index     273
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