Modern Discoveries in Neuroscience... And What They Reveal About You (Collection) [NOOK Book]

Overview

3 remarkable books reveal what neuroscientists have just learned about your brain — and you!

Neuroscientists have made absolutely stunning discoveries about the brain: discoveries that are intimately linked to everything from your health and happiness to the age-old debate on free will. In these three extraordinary books, leading scientists and science journalists illuminate these discoveries, helping you understand what they may mean — and what may come next. In Brains: How ...

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Modern Discoveries in Neuroscience... And What They Reveal About You (Collection)

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Overview

3 remarkable books reveal what neuroscientists have just learned about your brain — and you!

Neuroscientists have made absolutely stunning discoveries about the brain: discoveries that are intimately linked to everything from your health and happiness to the age-old debate on free will. In these three extraordinary books, leading scientists and science journalists illuminate these discoveries, helping you understand what they may mean — and what may come next. In Brains: How They Seem to Work, Dale Purves reviews the current state of neuroscientific research, previewing a coming paradigm shift that may transform the way scientists think about brains yet again. Building on new research on visual perception, he shows why common ideas about brain networks can’t be right, uncovers the factors that determine our subjective experience, sheds new light on the so-called “ghost in the machine,” and points towards a far deeper understanding of what it means to be human. Next, in Pictures of the Mind, Miriam Boleyn-Fitzgerald uses images from the latest fMRI and PET scanners to illuminate science’s new understanding of the brain as amazingly flexible, resilient, and plastic. Through masterfully written narrative and stunning imagery, you'll watch human brains healing, growing, and adapting… gain powerful new insights into the interplay between environment and genetics… begin understanding how people can influence their own intellectual abilities and emotional makeup… and join scientists in tantalizing discoveries about everything from coma to PTSD and Alzheimer’s. Finally, in The Root of Thought, Andrew Koob shows why glial cells — once thought to be merely “brain glue” — may actually hold the key to understanding intelligence, treating psychiatric disorders and brain injuries, and perhaps even curing Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. You'll learn how these crucial cells grow and develop... why almost all brain tumors are comprised of them… and even their apparent role in your every thought and dream!

From world-renowned scientists and science journalists, including Dale Purves, Miriam Boleyn-Fitzgerald, and Andrew Koob

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780133039689
  • Publisher: Pearson Education
  • Publication date: 3/5/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 720
  • Sales rank: 1,213,833
  • File size: 9 MB

Meet the Author

Dale Purves is Professor of Neurobiology, Psychology and Neuroscience, and Philosophy at Duke University. He is a graduate of Yale University and Harvard Medical School. Upon completion of an internship and assistant residency at Massachusetts General Hospital, Dr. Purves was a post-doctoral fellow in the Department of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School and subsequently in the Department of Biophysics at University College London. He joined the faculty at Washington University School of Medicine in 1973 where he was Professor of Physiology and Biophysics, and came to Duke in 1990 as the founding chair of the Department of Neurobiology in the School of Medicine. From 2003 to 2009 he was Director of Duke’s Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and is now Director of the Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program of the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine. Miriam Boleyn-Fitzgerald has spent 15 years publishing on scientific topics geared to curious readers of all backgrounds. She holds a degree in physics from Swarthmore College, and is a recipient of the Thomas J. Watson Fellowship and the Ida M. Green Award for graduate studies in Science, Technology, and Society at MIT. She has worked as a staff writer for President Clinton's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, and as an analyst for the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Union of Concerned Scientists. Andrew Koob graduated from Northwestern University in 1998 and from Purdue University with a Ph.D. in neuroscience in 2005. After graduation, he worked as a postdoctoral research fellow in pediatric neurosurgery at Dartmouth, followed by positions as a postdoctoral fellow for research in Parkinson’s Disease at University of California, San Diego, and as a researcher in molecular neurogenetics at the University of Munich, Germany.

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Table of Contents

Brains: How They Seem to Work

Preface vii

Chapter 1 Neuroscience circa 1960 1

Chapter 2 Neurobiology at Harvard 17

Chapter 3 Biophysics at University College 37

Chapter 4 Nerve cells versus brain systems 51

Chapter 5 Neural development 69

Chapter 6 Exploring brain systems 87

Chapter 7 The visual system: Hubel and Wiesel redux 105

Chapter 8 Visual perception 123

Chapter 9 Perceiving color 143

Chapter 10 Theorganization of perceptual qualities 161

Chapter 11 Perceiving geometry 179

Chapter 12 Perceiving motion 201

Chapter 13 How brains seem to work 219

Suggested reading 235

Glossary 241

Illustration credits 275

Acknowledgments 281

About the author 283

Index 285

Pictures of the Mind: What the New Neuroscience Tells Us About Who We Are

Introduction ix

Part I: Snapshots

Chapter 1: Life, Death, and the Middle Ground 3

Chapter 2: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Powerful Emotions and Our Power to Work with Them 21

Chapter 3: Happiness on the Brain 37

Chapter 4: Cooling the Flame: Pictures of Addiction, Chronic Pain, and Recovery 53

Part II: Landscape

Chapter 5: Where Does Morality Live, and When Is It Home? 69

Chapter 6: The Making and Breaking of Memories 89

Chapter 7: Where Am "I"? Experiences of Self, Other, and Neither 109

Resources 141

Notes 145

Acknowledgments 163

About the Author 165

Index 167

The Root of Thought: Unlocking Glia—the Brain Cell That Will Help Us Sharpen Our Wits, Heal Injury, and Treat Brain Disease

Chapter 1: Cities and Highways 1

Chapter 2: Dust Settles on the Battlefield 5

Chapter 3: I Sing the Body Electric 15

Chapter 4: Meet the Astrocyte 29

Chapter 5: Riding the Calcium Wave 41

Chapter 6: Hey Neuron, It’s Me, Glia 55

Chapter 7: Developing Relationships 65

Chapter 8: The Time Machine 77

Chapter 9: Sing a New Song 89

Chapter 10: Albert Einstein’s Abundant Astrocytes 99

Chapter 11: I Dream of Glia 111

Chapter 12: Gliadegenerative Disease 121

Chapter 13: Don’t Insult Me 133

Chapter 14: The Seething Breeding Glioma 145

Chapter 15: Cities and Highways Revisited 155

Acknowledgments 159

About the Author 161

Index 163

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