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This engaging collection of primary sources and selected fiction excerpts explores important events, figures, and themes in European history, from 1789 to the present.
Modern Europe offers four types of selections: memoirs of individuals who witnessed important historical events; excerpts from works of fiction; writings of influential figures and theorists; and significant historical documents. Primary source selections acquaint students with the writings and documents that helped shape modern European history, while the fiction selections bring historical events to the level of human life. The selections explore significant themes of this time period–modernization, social and political movements, the relationship between the individual and society–enhancing students' understanding of the historical events presented in course lectures and textbooks.
Both challenging and captivating, Modern Europe provides students with a glimpse of the emotions, ideologies, and mindsets that lie behind the facts and figures of history, allowing them to experience the past and to better understand it.
1. The French Revolution.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen.
Declaration of the Rights of Woman.
Louis XVI, The King's Declaration.
Victor Hugo, Ninety-Three.
2. Restoration, Liberalism and the Individual.
Prince Metternich, Confession of Faith & Circular Dispatch.
John Stuart Mill, On Liberty.
George Eliot, Middlemarch.
Johan Wolfgang Goethe, The Sorrows of Young Werther.
3. Industrialization and Socialism.
Thomas Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population.
Flora Tristan, Two Essays: Factory Workers and How to Constitute a Working Class.
Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto.
Elizabeth Gaskell, Mary Barton: A Tale of Manchester Life.
4. Rural and Small Town Landscapes.
Sergei Aksakov, Years of Childhood.
Honore de Balzac, Lost Illusions.
Thomas Hardy, Tess of the D'Urbevilles.
Thomas Hardy, The Mayor of Casterbridge.
Grazia Deledda, Reeds in the Wind.
Joseph Roth, The Radetzky March.
5. 1848 and Nationalism.
Madame de Stael, Three Essays: Germany, England, and Russia.
Guiseppe Mazzini, The Duties of Man.
Alexander Herzen, My Past and Thoughts.
6. Women in the Domestic, Work and Public Spheres.
Flora Tristan, Why I Mention Women.
Emmeline Pankhurst, Why We Are Militant.
Emile Zola, The Ladies' Paradise.
7. European Civilization, 1850-1914.
Charles Darwin, The Origins of Species.
Sigmund Freud, A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis.
Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil.
8. European Imperialism.
Herbert Spencer, Social Growth.
Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden.
George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant.
V. I. Lenin, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of World Capitalism.
9. European Politics and Society, 1850-1930.
Eduard Bernstein, Evolutionary Socialism.
John Maynard Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire.
Evgenii Zamiatin, We.
10. World War I.
Friedrich von Bernhardi, Germany and the Next War.
The Constitution of the Ujedinjenje ili Smrt-Unification or Death.
Siegfried Sassoon, War Poems.
Erich Maria Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front.
Ernst Juenger, The Storm of Steel.
11. Revolution and Peacemaking.
V. I. Lenin, The April Theses.
Boris Pasternak, Doctor Zhivago.
Versailles Peace Treaty.
12. Early Twentieth Century Culture.
Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis.
Jaroslav Hasek, The Good Soldier Schweik.
Virginia Woolf, A Room of One's Own.
13. The Rise of Fascism.
Benito Mussolini, Fascism.
Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf.
George Orwell, Homage to Catalonia.
14. The Second World War.
Victor Klemperer, I Will Bear Witness.
Marc Bloch, Strange Defeat.
Anna Akhmatova, Courage.
Konstatin Simonov, Wait for Me.
Olga Berggolts, Second Letter to the River Kama.
15. The Purges and the Holocaust.
Eugenia Ginzburg, Journey into the Whirlwind.
Primo Levi, Survival in Auschwitz.
Elie Wiesel, Night.
16. The Cold War and Decolonization.
Winston Churchill, The Sinews of Peace.
John le Carre, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold.
Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth.
17. The New Europe.
Jean-Paul Sartre, The Wall.
Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex.
George Konrad, Antipolitics.
Daniel and Gabriel Cohn-Bendit, Obsolete Communism.
Red Army Faction, The Concept of the Urban Guerilla.
Petra Kelly, Thinking Green!
National Front, Excerpts from Speeches.
18. The End of the Cold War and Globalization.
Alexander Zinoviev, Homo Sovieticus.
Timothy Garton Ash, The Magic Lantern.
Warren Zimmermann, The Last Ambassador.
Constitution of the Russian Federation.
The Economist, Stop Signs on the Web.